On this day

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Re: What can we celebrate today?

Post by macliam » Sat Apr 24 2021 7:14pm

Éirí Amach na Cásca
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Re: What can we celebrate today?

Post by macliam » Sun Apr 25 2021 3:22am

25 April 1974 - the "Carnation Revolution", one of the most peaceful popular coups in the world, ended five decades of dictatorship.

Almost no shots were fired and red carnations were placed into the muzzles of the soldiers' guns.
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What can we celebrate today?

Post by Richard Frost » Sun Apr 25 2021 9:24am

25 April

International Delegate’s Day
International Delegate’s Day marks the anniversary of the first day of the San Francisco Conference, also known as the United Nations Conference on International Organization. On 25 April 1945, delegates from fifty countries came together for the first time in San Francisco. Coming together after the devastation of the second world war, their aim was to set up an organization that would restore world peace and impose rules on the post-war world order.

850 delegates took part in this conference, which lasted for two months. They represented over eighty per cent of the world's population, people of every world religion and continent; all determined to set up an organization, which would preserve peace and help build a better world.

Two months after the first meeting, on 26 June 1945, the Charter of the United Nations was signed by representatives of the 50 countries that attended the conference. The agreement resulted in the creation of the United Nations, an organization that now comprises 193 Member States and serves as the main international venue for collective dialogue between the delegates of its Member States. Poland, which did not have a government at the time of the conference, signed the charter later, hence bringing up the number of the Founding Member States to 51.

In its resolution 73/286 from 2 April 2019, the General Assembly recalls the achievement of the San Francisco Conference and proclaims 25 April as International Delegate’s Day.

World Malaria Day
World Malaria Day (WMD) is an international observance commemorated every year on 25 April and recognizes global efforts to control malaria. Globally, 3.3 billion people in 106 countries are at risk of malaria. In 2012, malaria caused an estimated 627,000 deaths, mostly among African children. Asia, Latin America, and to a lesser extent the Middle East and parts of Europe are also affected.

World Malaria Day sprung out of the efforts taking place across the African continent to commemorate Africa Malaria Day. WMD is one of 11 official global public health campaigns currently marked by the World Health Organization (WHO), along with World Health Day, World Blood Donor Day, World Immunization Week, World Antimicrobial Awareness Week, World Patient Safety Day, World Tuberculosis Day, World Chagas Disease Day, World No Tobacco Day, World Hepatitis Day and World AIDS Day.

According to the most recent World Malaria Report, the global tally of malaria reached 429,000 malaria deaths and 212 million new cases in 2015. The rate of new malaria cases fell by 21 per cent globally between 2010 and 2015, and malaria death rates fell by 29 per cent in the same period. In sub-Saharan Africa, case incidence and death rates fell by 21 per cent and 31 per cent, respectively.


MAHAVIR JAYANTI (599 BCE) Jain
The birthday of the last Tirthankara, or great teacher and model of the Jainas. His birth and the events surrounding it are re-enacted. Monks or nuns read from the scriptures and teach about the rest of Mahavira’s life. Lay people then return home to a celebratory feast.

Today in history

1185 Sea battle at Dan-no-ura: Minamoto Yoritomo beats Taira-family
1362 Muhammad VI ruler of Granada killed with a lance personally by Peter I of Castile, along with 36 followers and his head sent to Muhammad V (or 27 April)
1449 Anti-pope Felix V resigns
1507 German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller first to use the name America on his world map "Universalis Cosmographia"
1541 -26) Liege flooded after heavy down pour
1604 Count Maurits' army lands at Cadzand
1607 Battle at Gibraltar: Dutch fleet beats Spanish Portuguese fleet
1607 Shortly before making landfall in America, Captain Edward Maria Wingfield is named President of the Jamestown governing council
1614 Amsterdam Bank of Loan forms
1626 Battle of Dessau Bridge: Albrecht von Wallenstein at head of Holy Roman Empire forces defeats Danish attempt led by Ernst von Mansfeld's to cross Elbe River (Thirty Years' War)
1644 Last Ming Emperor Chongzhen hangs himself from a tree on Jing Mountain, Beijing, rather than be captured by forces of Li Zicheng
1660 English Convention Parliament meets and votes to restore Charles II
1678 French troops conquer Ypres
1684 Patent granted for thimble
1707 Battle of Almansa; Franco-Spanish forces defeat British and Portuguese
1719 Daniel Defoe publishes "Robinson Crusoe", regarded as the 1st English novel
1742 Elizabeth of Russia crowns herself Empress in the Dormition Cathedral in Moscow
1747 Prince Willem V appointed viceroy of Zealand
1792 Guillotine first used in France, executes highwayman Nicolas Pelletier
1792 "La Marseillaise", later the national anthem of France, is composed by Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle in Strasbourg
1829 Charles Fremantle arrives in HMS Challenger off the coast of modern-day Western Australia prior to declaring the Swan River Colony for the United Kingdom
1846 Thornton Affair: Open conflict begins over the disputed border of Texas, triggering the Mexican–American War
1849 The Governor General of Canada, Lord Elgin, signs the Rebellion Losses Bill, outraging Montreal's English population and triggering the Montreal Riots.
1850 Paul Julius Reuter sets up carrier-pigeon service, using 40 pigeons to carry stock market prices between Aachen and Brussels
1859 Ground broken for Suez Canal
1861 Battle of Lavaca, fought in Texas, Union victory (US Civil War)
1861 The Union Army arrives to reinforce Washington, D.C. (US Civil War)
1862 Capture of New Orleans LA by the Union under Flag Officer Farragut
1864 Battle of Marks' Mill, Arkansas (Camden Expedition)
1867 Tokyo opens for foreign trade
1881 250,000 Germans petition to bar foreign Jews from entering Germany
1886 Sigmund Freud opens practice at Rathausstrasse 7, Vienna
1891 US President Benjamin Harrison visits San Francisco
1896 Fight in Central Dance Hall starts fire at Cripple Creek, Colorado
1896 Sidney Jones & Harry Greenbacks musical premieres in London
1898 Spanish–American War: The United States declares state of war on Spain effective from 21st April
1905 Latest day of 1st-class cricket in an Aust season (NSW v Qld)
1905 Whites win right to vote in South Africa
1914 US President Woodrow Wilson is persuaded by Argentina, Brazil, and Chile to accept mediation in the conflict with Mexico
1915 First landings at Gaba Tepe and Cape Helles on the Gallipoli Peninsula by ANZAC forces during WWI
1920 Magda Julin of Sweden beats teammate Svea Norén for the gold medal in women's singles figure skating at the Antwerp Olympics
1925 Paul von Hindenburg is elected the President of Germany
1926 Giacomo Puccini's opera "Turandot" premieres in Milan
1926 Persian cossack officer Reza Chan crowns himself Shah Palawi
1927 Spain routes 20,000 soldiers to Morocco (uprising Rifkabylen)
1941 Operation Merkur: Hitler orders conquest of Kreta
1942 Beginning of a 3 night bombing blitz on Bath by German Luftwaffe - 417 killed
1943 The Demyansk Shield for German troops in commemoration of Demyansk Pocket instituted
1944 United Negro College Fund incorporates
1945 45 countries convene UN Conference on Intl Organization in San Francisco
1945 Allied air raid on Surabaja, Java
1945 British troops reach Grebbe line Neth
1945 Clandestine Radio 1212, used to hoax Nazi Germany's final transmission
1945 Last Boeing B-17 attack against Nazi Germany
1945 Soviet forces complete their encirclement of Berlin, cutting off all access points west of the
1945 "Elbe Day" - US and Soviet forces meet at Torgau, Germany on the Elbe River during the invasion of Germany in WWII
1946 Christopher Fry's "Phoenix too Frequent" premieres in London
1947 Lou Thesz beats Whipper Watson in St Louis, to win National Wrestling Association world heavyweight title
1947 Trial against WW II mayor of Amsterdam Edward Voete begins
1949 Friedrich Durrenmatt's "Romulus der Grosse" premieres in Basel
1950 Republik Maluku Selatan (also known as the Republic of the South Moluccas) declared on Ambon
1952 German state of Bathe-Wurttemberg forms
1953 Francis Crick and James Watson's discovery of the double helix structure of DNA is published in "Nature" magazine
1954 Bell labs announces the 1st solar battery made from silicon. It has about 6% efficiency.
1954 British raid Nairobi, Kenya (25,000 Mau Mau suspects arrested)
1954 US performs atmospheric nuclear test above Bikini Island
1956 Noël Coward's musical "South Sea Bubble" premieres in London
1957 1st experimental sodium nuclear reactor operated
1957 Ibrahim Hashim forms Jordanian government
1959 St Lawrence Seaway linking Atlantic and the Great Lakes opens to shipping
1959 Then-bishop Karol Wojtyla's (future Pope John Paul II) celebrates newly completed Nowa Huta, Poland's first ever Mass at midnight of Christmas morning
1960 1st submerged circumnavigation of Earth completed by USS submarine Triton in 60 days, 21 hours
1961 Belgium government of Gaston Eyskens falls over the Unitary Law
1961 "Young Abe Lincoln" opens at Eugene O'Neill Theater NYC for 27 performances
1961 France performs nuclear test at Reggane Proving Grounds Algeria
1961 Mercury/Atlas rocket lifted off with an electronic mannequin
1961 Premier Moise Tsjombe of Katanga arrested in Congo
1961 Robert Noyce patents integrated circuit
1961 Unmanned Mercury test explodes on launch pad
1962 US Ranger spacecraft crash lands on Moon
1962 US resumes above ground nuclear testing, at Christmas Island
1964 11th National Film Awards (India): "Shehar Aur Sapna" wins the Golden Lotus
1966 Drunk driver kills 10 children in Asse, Belgium
1967 Abortion legalized in Colorado
1967 Britain grants internal self-government to Swaziland
1967 Jules Feiffer's "Little Murders" premieres in NYC
1968 "Half a Sixpence" opens at Broadhurst Theater NYC for 512 performances
1969 5,400th & last episode of BBC Radio serial "The Dales" (formerly "Mrs Dale's Diary")
1970 "Park" closes at John Golden Theater NYC after 5 performances
1970 Freda Payne releases "Band of Gold"
1970 Melanie (Safka) releases "Lay Down"
1971 About 200,000 anti-Vietnam War protesters march on Washington, D.C.
1971 US canal rights in Nicaragua & rights to Corn Islands expire
1971 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1972 Hans-Werner Grosse glides 907.7 miles (1,461 km) in an AS-W-12
1973 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1974 Günter Guillaume, an aide to West German Chancellor Willy Brandt, is exposed as a Stasi spy (East German secret service)
1974 Leo Tindemans forms Belgium government
1974 Portuguese Prime Minister Marcello Caetano is overthrown in the Carnation revolution, bringing Portugal's authoritarian Estado Novo (New State) government to an end
1975 1st Boeing Jetfoil revenue service, Hong Kong to Macao
1975 Mário Soares' Socialist Party wins Portugal's first free election since 1925 following the Carnation Revolution of 1974
1975 USSR performs underground nuclear test
1975 West German embassy blown up in Stockholm, Sweden
1976 Elections in Vietnam for a National Assembly to reunite the country
1976 India all out for 97 v West Indies
1976 Portugal adopts new constitution
1977 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1978 Supreme Court rules pension plans can't require women to pay more
1978 ABC premiere of crime drama "Vega$"
1979 Peace treaty between Israel & Egypt goes into effect
1980 Announcement of US hostage rescue bungle in Iran
1980 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1981 More than 100 workers are exposed to radiation during repairs of a nuclear power plant in Tsuruga, Japan
1982 Great Britain performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1982 In accordance with Camp David, Israel completes Sinai withdrawal
1982 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1983 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
1983 Portugal's Mário Soares' Partido Socialista wins parliamentary election
1983 Yuri Andropov invites US schoolgirl Samantha Smith to the Soviet Union
1983 NASA space probe Pioneer 10 travels beyond Pluto's orbit.
1984 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1985 Roger Miller's musical "Big River" opens at Eugene O'Neill Theater NYC for 1005 performances
1985 West German Parliament rules it is illegal to deny the Holocaust
1986 ETA bomb attacks Madrid killing 5
1986 Mswati III is crowned King of Swaziland, succeeding his father Sobhuza II.
1988 John Demjanjuk (Ivan the Terrible), sentenced to death in Jerusalem
1988 NASA launches space vehicle S-211
1990 25th Academy of Country Music Awards: George Strait, Clint Black, and Kathy Mattea win
1990 Hubble space telescope is placed into orbit by space shuttle Discovery
1990 Violeta Barrios de Chamorro begins a 6-year term as Nicaragua's president
1990 Hong Kong actress Carina Lau is abducted by Triad members
1991 Lucy Simon & Marsha Norman's musical "Secret Garden", based on Frances Hodgson Burnett's novel, starring Daisy Eagan and Mandy Patinkin, opens at St James Theater NYC for 706 performances
1991 "Grand Hotel" closes at Beck Theater NYC after 1018 performances
1991 Iraq announces it expects to resume crude oil and product exports by July
1992 "Shimada" closes at Broadhurst Theater NYC after 4 performances
1993 "Blood Brothers" opens at Music Box Theater NYC for 839 performances
1993 Russia elects Boris Yeltsin leader
1994 14" of snow in Southern California
1994 Bomb attack on taxi stand in Johannesburg, 10 killed
1994 Fishing boat with school children capsize at Lanaka Syria, 46 killed
1994 King Azlan Shah of Malaysia resigns
1994 Mexican businessman & billionaire Angel Losada kidnapped
1994 Tsutomu Hata elected premier of Japan
1995 "Month in the Country" opens at Roundabout Theater NYC for 79 performances
1996 "Bring in Da Noise, Bring in Da Funk" opens at Ambassador Theater NYC
2005 Final piece of the Obelisk of Axum is returned to Ethiopia after being stolen by the invading Italian army in 1937
2005 Bulgaria and Romania sign accession treaties to join the European Union
2005 107 die in Amagasaki rail crash in Japan
2007 Boris Yeltsin's funeral - the first to be sanctioned by the Russian Orthodox Church for a head of state since the funeral of Emperor Alexander III in 1894.
2009 Elijah Wood is honored with the Midnight Award by the San Francisco International Film Festival
2010 IPL Cricket Final, DY Patil Stadium, Mumbai: Chennai Super Kings beat Mumbai Indians by 22 runs; Suresh Raina 57 no (35)
2011 At least 300 people killed in deadliest tornado outbreak in the Southern United States since the
1974 Super Outbreak.
2012 The United Kingdom dips back into recession after economy shrank 0.2% in the first quarter of 2012
2013 The United Kingdom reopens its embassy in Somalia after 22 years
2013 38 people are killed in a psychiatric hospital fire in Ramensky, Russia
2015 100 year anniversary of the Gallipoli Peninsula landings in Turkey by ANZAC forces during WWI
2015 7.8-magnitude earthquake near Kathmandu in Nepal, killing 8000, leaving over 100,000 homeless, destroying many historic sites
2018 Indian religious leader Asaram Bapu is sentenced to life for raping a 16-year old girl
2018 Danish inventor Peter Madsen found guilty of killing and desecrating body of journalist Kim Wall aboard submarine, sentenced to life imprisonment
2019 Former US Vice President Joe Biden announces his campaign for president via video
2019 Microsoft becomes the third US firm to be listed with a market worth of 1 trillion, after Apple and Amazon
2019 Thousands march in Khartoum, Sudan calling for civilian rule
2019 Cyclone Kenneth strikes Mozambique with winds of 220km/h (140mph) killing at least38 people and damaging nearly 35,000 homes
2019 More than 1,600 civilians were killed in US-led coalition air and land strikes on Raqqa in 2017, according to Amnesty International and monitoring group Airwars
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What can we celebrate today?

Post by Richard Frost » Mon Apr 26 2021 9:21am

26th April

International Chernobyl Disaster Remembrance Day
International Chernobyl Disaster Remembrance Day is a remembrance day, observed annually on April 26. It was established by the United Nations General Assembly on December 8, 2016, in memory of the Chernobyl disaster.

In its resolution, the General Assembly recognized that three decades after the disaster there remains persistent serious long-term consequences and that the affected communities and territories are experiencing continuing related needs. The General Assembly invites all Member States, relevant agencies of the United Nations system and other international organizations, as well as civil society, to observe the day.

World Intellectual Property Day
World Intellectual Property Day is observed annually on 26 April. The event was established by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) in 2000 to "raise awareness of how patents, copyright, trademarks and designs impact on daily life" and "to celebrate creativity, and the contribution made by creators and innovators to the development of societies across the globe". 26 April was chosen as the date for World Intellectual Property Day because it coincides with the date on which the Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization entered into force in 1970.

An exhibition showing the intellectual property (IP) behind Steve Jobs’ innovations opened to the public at WIPO on 30 March 2012 and ran through to World Intellectual Property Day on 26 April 2012. The exhibition tied in with 2012's World Intellectual Property Day theme – 'Visionary Innovators'.
This event has been criticized by a number of activists and scholars as one-sided propaganda in favour of traditional copyright, ignoring alternatives related to copyleft and the free culture movement.

HANUMAN JAYANTI Hindu

This Hindu festival recalls the birth of Lord Rama’s supreme devotee, the monkey-headed Hanuman, whose feats figure in the Ramayana epic. Hanuman’s birth is celebrated at sunrise on the full-moon day of the lunar month of Chaitra.

RICHTER SCALE DAY
Richter Scale Day on April 26th each year honours the birth of the Richter Scale inventor, Charles F. Richter (April 26, 1900 – September 30, 1985).

Richter was an American seismologist and physicist most famous as the inventor of the Richter magnitude scale, which quantified the size of earthquakes. While working at the California Institute of Technology, with Beno Gutenberg, Richter first used the scale in 1935.

After publishing the Richter Scale in 1935, it immediately became the standard measure of earthquake intensity. Since 1935, there have been other magnitude scales developed. Depending on the data available, different scales are used. However, most are not as popularly known as Richter Scale.

The most significant earthquake since 1900, was in Chile in May 1960. Measuring 9.5 on the Richter Scale, it is known as the Great Chilean Earthquake.

On this day in history

757 Paolo Orsini replaces his brother Pope Stephen II, as Paul I
1220 German king Frederick II grants bishops sovereign rights
1336 Italian Renaissance poet Francesco Petrarch famously climbs Mont Ventoux
1467 The miraculous image in Our Lady of Good Counsel appear in Genazzano, Italy
1478 Pazzi conspirators attack Lorenzo de'Medici and kill Giuliano de'Medici in Florence
1514 Copernicus makes his 1st observations of Saturn
1564 William Shakespeare is baptized in Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire.
1607 Jamestown expedition makes first landing in America at a place named Cape Henry, in what would become Virginia, but they quickly depart for a better site
1654 Jews are expelled from Brazil
1655 Dutch West Indies Co denies Peter Stuyvesant's desire to exclude Jews from New Amsterdam
1677 Emperor Leopold I forms University of Innsbruck
1755 1st Russian university opens in Moscow
1777 Sybil Ludington aged 16, rides 40 miles in New York to warn her father's militia of the approach of the British
1803 Meteorites fall in L'Aigle, France
1814 King Louis XVIII lands at Calais from England
1819 Odd Fellows Lodge forms
1828 Russia declares war on Turkey to support Greece's independence
1835 Frederic Chopin's "Grand Polonaise Brillante" premieres in Paris
1841 "Bombay Gazette" begins publishing on silk
1848 Alfred Russel Wallace departs the U.K. for South America, beginning four years of travel, collecting, and research in the region
1853 Dutch King William III disbands 2nd Chamber
1855 Composer Gioachino Rossini leaves Italy
1859 Dan Sickles is acquitted of murder on grounds of temporary insanity - 1st time this defense used successfully in the US
1865 Confederate General J E Johnston surrenders remaining forces to Union General William Sherman at Bennett Place in Durham, North Carolina, ending the US Civil War
1887 Huntsville Electric Co forms to sell electricity
1890 Henry Morton Stanley inaugurated in London
1904 Bell Telephone Company of Antwerp Belgium forms
1904 General Kuroko leads the Japanese Army against the large Russian force at the Yalu river during the Russo-Japanese War
1906 Motion pictures begin regular showings at the Orpheum Theater in Honolulu, Hawaii
1907 Jamestown, Virginia Tercentenary Exposition opens
1913 Sun Yet San calls for revolt against President Yuan Shikai in China
1915 Italy secretly signs the "Treaty of London" with Britain, France and Russia, bringing Italy into World War I on the Allied side
1920 Harlow Shapley and Heber D. Curtis hold "great debate" on the nature of nebulae, galaxies and size of the universe at US National Academy of Sciences, Washington, D.C.
1920 Husband and wife team Ludowika & Walter Jakobsson representing Finland, win the pairs skating gold medal at the Antwerp Olympics; Ludowika is the only German-born athlete at the Games
1920 Ice hockey makes its Olympic debut at the Antwerp Games with center Frank Fredrickson scoring 7 goals in Canada's 12-1 drubbing of Sweden in the gold medal match
1925 Pulitzer prize awarded to Edna Ferber for "So big"
1925 Artist Diego Rivera resigns from the Mexican Communist Party
1926 Germany & Russia sign neutrality peace treaty
1926 Karachai Autonomous Region forms in RSFSR (until 1943)
1928 Madame Tussaud's waxwork exhibition reopens in London after a fire
1929 1st non-stop England to India flight lands
1932 Jean Anouilh's "L'Ermine" premieres in Paris
1933 Jewish students are barred from school in Germany
1936 Dmitri Shostakovich completes his 4th Symphony
1937 German Luftwaffe destroys Basque town of Guernica in Spain
1938 Austrian Jews required to register property above 5,000 Reichsmarks
1941 Potatoes rationed in Holland
1942 Coal mine explosion kills 1,549 at Honkeiko, Manchuria
1944 1st B-29 attacked by Japanese fighters, one fighter shot down
1944 Papandreou government in Greece forms
1945 Marshal Philippe Pétain, leader of France's Vichy collaborationist regime during World War II, arrested for treason
1945 World War II: Battle of Bautzen - last successful German tank-offensive of the war and last noteworthy victory of the Wehrmacht
1947 "Bless the Bride" musical opens in London
1949 Transjordan is officially renamed the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan
1951 Queen Juliana opens Brielsche Mausoleum
1952 Patty Berg scores 64, best competitive round of golf by a woman
1952 US minesweeper Hobson rams aircraft carrier Wasp, kills 176
1954 Far Eastern Affairs conference opens in Geneva
1954 Mass trials of Jonas Salk's anti-polio vaccine begin; the first shot is delivered in Fairfax County, Virginia; more than 443,000 children receive shots over three months
1954 "Seven Samurai", Japanese film directed by Akira Kurosawa, starring Toshiro Mifune, is released
1954 USSR Supreme Soviet transfer the Crimean oblast from Russian SFSR to Ukrainian SSR
1956 First modern container ship, the Ideal X, leaves Port Newark, New Jersey for Houston, Texas
1961 French paratroopers' revolt suppressed in Algeria
1962 1st Lockheed A-12 flies
1962 Ariel 1 Launch (1st UK Satellite)
1962 Ranger 4 crash lands on (backside of) Moon
1962 US and UK launch Ariel; 1st international payload
1964 LPGA Titleholders Championship Women's Golf, Augusta CC: Marilynn Smith retains title; beats Mickey Wright by 1 stroke
1964 Tanganyika & Zanzibar form The United Republic of Tanganyika & Zanzibar
1965 Charles Ives' 4th Symphony premieres at Carnegie Hall, New York, 11 years after the composer's death
1966 An earthquake of magnitude 7.5 destroys Tashkent, Uzbekistan
1966 International Olympic Committee votes to award German city of Munich the right to host the 1972 Summer Olympic Games
1967 "Hallelujah, Baby!" opens at Martin Beck Theater NYC for 293 performances
1967 San Marco 2 Launch (1st Equatorial Launch)
1968 Students seize administration building at Ohio State
1968 US underground nuclear test, "Boxcar," 1 megaton device
1969 "Celebration" closes at Ambassador Theater NYC after 110 performances
1969 "George M!" closes at Palace Theater NYC after 435 performances
1970 "Company" opens at Alvin Theater NYC for 690 performances
1971 Heaviest rains ever in Bahia district of Brazil, 15" in 24 hrs
1971 San Francisco lightship replaced by automatic buoy
1971 Turkey state of siege proclaimed
1973 "2 Gentlemen of Verona" musical opens in London
1973 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1974 Landslide in Huancavelica Province Peru creates a natural dam
1974 Malta adopts constitution
1976 Pan Am begins non-stop flights NYC-Tokyo
1977 Opening of Studio 54 in New York, N.Y.
1978 France sends troops to Chad
1978 NASA launches space vehicle S-201
1980 Gerard Nijboer runs Dutch record marathon (2:09:01)
1980 Great Britain performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1980 Iran begins scattering US hostages from US Embassy
1980 Longest jump by a jet boat is set at 120 feet
1981 "Copperfield" closes at ANTA Theater NYC after 13 performances
1982 Argentina surrenders to Great Britain on South Georgia Island, near the Falkland Islands
1982 Rod Stewart is mugged, gunman steals his $50,000 Porsche
1983 Dow Jones Industrial Avg breaks 1,200 for 1st time
1984 President Reagan visits China
1986 France performs nuclear test
1986 World's worst nuclear disaster: 4th reactor at Chernobyl nuclear power station in USSR explodes, 31 die, radioactive contamination reaches much of Western Europe
1987 "Barbara Cook: A Concert" closes at Ambassador NYC after 13 performances
1989 Mike Tyson gets a speeding ticket for drag racing his Lamborghini in Albany, New York
1990 "Accomplice" opens at Richard Rodgers Theater NYC for 52 performances
1990 126 die in a (6.9) earthquake in China
1990 Danny Wood of New Kids, steps on a stuffed animal & twists his ankle
1990 NY court of appeals ends 2½ year legal battle over 1988 America's Cup by refusing jurisdiction of case
1991 23 killed in Kansas & Oklahoma by tornadoes
1991 Soccer star Diego Maradona, suspended for using cocaine, arrested in Argentina for possession & distribution of illegal narcotics
1992 "Grand Hotel" closes at Martin Beck Theater NYC after 1,018 performances
1992 "Jelly's Last Jam" opens at Virginia Theater NYC for 569 performances
1992 "Master Builder" closes at Belasco Theater NYC after 45 performances
1992 "Metro" closes at Minskoff Theater NYC after 13 performances
1992 Alex Haley (Roots) wins 1992 Ellis Island Award, posthumously
1993 "Shakespeare for My Father" opens at Helen Hayes NYC for 266 performances
1993 Boeing 737 crashes at Aurangabad, kills 56
1993 STS-55 (Columbia) launches into orbit
1994 26.9°C in Prestebakke Norway (Norwegian April high temperature record)
1994 Taiwan Airbus A-300 crashes at Nagoya Japan, 262 killed
1994 1st day of voting in first ever multi-racial elections in South Africa, Dr Nomaza Paintin in NZ is 1st black South African to vote
1994 Physicists announce first evidence of the top quark subatomic particle.
1996 Shaun Pollock takes 4 wkts in 4 balls for Warwickshire in B&H
1996 Sotheby ends 4 day auction of Jackie O stuff-take in $34.5 million
1997 "Life" opens at Barrymore Theater NYC
2002 Robert Steinhäuser infiltrates and kills 17 at Gutenberg-Gymnasium in Erfurt, Germany before dying of a self-inflicted gunshot.
2005 Under international pressure, Syria withdraws the last of its 14,000 troop military garrison in Lebanon, ending its 29-year military domination of that country.
2007 Queen's Pier is officially closed by the Hong Kong Government, after a bitter struggle by conservationists, in order to facilitate land reclamation in Hong Kong's Central district
2009 55th British Academy Television Awards: "Harry and Paul" Best Comedy, "Wallander" Best Drama
2010 "Iron Man 2", directed by Jon Favreau, starring Robert Downey Jr. and Gwyneth Paltrow, premieres in Los Angeles
2012 70 people are killed by rocket attacks by the Syrian Army on the city of Hama
2012 Indonesia suspends imports of American beef after a confirmed case of mad cow disease in California
2013 30 people are killed after a bus crashes following a Taliban attack in southern Afghanistan
2013 Cory Monteith is reported to have completed treatment at a drug rehabilitation facility
2015 Nursultan Nazarbayev is re-elected President of Kazakhstan with 97.7% of the vote
2015 35th London Marathon: Kenyan Eliud Kipchoge & Ethiopian Tigist Tufa win
2015 FC Bayern Munich wins the 2014–15 Bundesliga for a 25th time
2016 CEO of Chobani, Hamdi Ulukaya, announces that he will be giving his employees 10% of the shares in Chobani
2018 Serial killer "Golden State Killer" identified after 40 years as a former police officer, responsible for 12 killings, 50 rapes in California
2018 Comedian Bill Cosby is found guilty of sexual assault in Pennsylvania
2019 Six suspected militants connected to Sri Lankan terror attacks killed along with ten others in a shootout with police in Sainthamaruthu
2019 "No religion" tops survey of American religious identity for the first time at 23.1% edging out Catholics 23.0% and evangelicals 22.5%, in long-running General Social Survey
2019 Waorani people of Pastaza win landmark environmental case against the Ecuadorian government to protect half a million acres of their territory in the Amazon rainforest
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What can we celebrate today?

Post by Richard Frost » Tue Apr 27 2021 9:59am

27th April

TELL A STORY DAY
Tell a Story Day on April 27th each year encourages people of all ages to share stories. The stories can take many forms, too. You can read from a book or create one from your imagination. Stories recreated from childhood memory leave an indelible imprint on both the storyteller and the listener. No matter what story you tell, the day supports gathering with friends and family to share those stories.

The ancient practice of storytelling handed down knowledge from one generation to the next. It is a wonderful way to pass on family traditions, histories, and long-told tales. It can also be entertaining as well as educational. Any good storyteller will tell you, some of the very best stories come from real-life experiences.

On this day in history

1124 David I becomes King of Scots
1296 Battle of Dunbar: The Scots are defeated by Edward I of England
1509 Pope Julius II excommunicates Italian state of Venice
1518 Treaty of St Truiden: anti-French Trapdoors and Bourgondisch covenant
1522 Battle of Bicocca: a combined French and Venetian force is decisively defeated by a Spanish-Imperial and Papal army
1539 Re-founding of the city of Bogotá, New Granada (nowadays Colombia), by Nikolaus Federmann and Sebastián de Belalcázar.
1565 1st Spanish settlement in the Philippines forms at Cebu City
1576 Peace of Beaulieu and Paix de Monsieur
1578 Duel of the Mignons claims the lives of two favorites of Henry III of France and two favorites of Henry I, Duke of Guise.
1643 Tirso de Molina's "Bellaco Sois, Gomez" premieres in Madrid
1646 King Charles I flees Oxford
1650 The Battle of Carbisdale: Royalist army under Marquess of Montrose invades mainland Scotland from Orkney; defeated by a Covenanter army.
1662 Netherlands & France sign military covenant
1667 Blind and impoverished, English poet John Milton sells the copyright of "Paradise Lost" for £10
1694 Frederik August I "the Strong" becomes monarch of Saksen
1749 First performance of George Frideric Handel's "Music For The Royal Fireworks"in Green Park, London
1773 British Parliament passes Tea Act (Boston won't like this)
1805 US Marines attack shores of Tripoli
1810 Ludwig van Beethoven composes his famous piano piece "Für Elise"
1813 Americans under General Pike capture Toronto; Pike is killed
1828 Zoological Gardens at Regent's Park in London opens
1838 Fire destroys half of Charleston
1840 Foundation stone for new Palace of Westminster, London, laid by Sarah Barry wife of its architect
1841 Imakita Kosen, 1st Zen teacher of D.T. Suzuki, found the awakening
1857 Establishment of Jewish congregations in Lower Austria prohibited
1859 "Pomona" sinks in North Atlantic drowning all 400 aboard
1861 US President Abraham Lincoln suspends writ of habeas corpus (US Civil War)
1861 West Virginia secedes from Virginia after Virginia secedes from Union (US Civil War)
1863 Battle of Streight's raid: Tuscumbia to Cedar Bluff, AL
1865 Cornell University (Ithaca NY) is chartered
1865 Steamboat "SS Sultana" explodes in the Mississippi River, killing up to 1,800 of the 2,427 passengers in the greatest maritime disaster in United States history. Most were paroled Union POWs on their way home.
1867 Opera "Romeo et Juliette" is produced in Paris
1874 White League, Paramilitary white supremacist organization, forms
1877 Opera "Le Roi de Lahore" is produced in Paris
1877 Rutherford B. Hayes removes Federal troops from Louisiana, Reconstruction ends
1881 Pogroms against Russian Jews start in Elisabethgrad
1890 French troops under Capt Archinard occupy Oussebougou, West Sudan
1893 Richard "King Dick" Seddon succeeds John Balance as premier of New Zealand and leader of Liberal Party
1897 Grant's Tomb (famed of song & legend) dedicated
1904 The Australian Labor Party under Prime Minister Chris Watson becomes the first Labor government in the world
1905 World Exposition opens in Liège
1908 IV Summer (Modern) Olympic Games open in London
1909 Sultan of Turkey Abdul Hamid II is overthrown
1910 Belgian parliament rejects socialist motion for general voting rights
1910 Louis Botha and James Hertzog establish the moderate nationalists South African Party promising equality of Britons and Boers
1911 Following the resignation and death of William P. Frye, a compromise is reached to rotate the office of President pro tempore (for the time being) of the United States Senate
1911 Indian passive resistance is suspended when General J.C. Smuts enters into negotiations with Mahatma Gandhi
1912 Relief laws in Netherlands replace those of 1854
1914 Honduras becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty
1915 Counterattack launched by Turkish forces under the command of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk against allied troops
1916 The British renew their assault on the Irish Volunteer position in Mount Street; shelling also sets the buildings on fire
1920 Pogrom leader Petljoera declares Ukraine Independence
1920 Sweden takes the figure skating double at the Antwerp Olympics when Gillis Grafström wins his first of 3 consecutive men's gold medals; Magda Julin earlier wins the women's singles event
1921 Hadjememaar, [Corn de Gelder] elected in Amsterdam
1922 Fritz Lang's "Dr Mabuse, der Spieler" premieres in Berlin
1922 Yakut ASSR formed in Russian SFSR
1924 Antwerp soccer tie Belgium-Netherlands 1-1
1927 Carabineros de Chile (Chilean national police force and gendarmery) created
1929 Ryder Cup Golf, Moortown GC: Great Britain beats US, 7-5 in bitterly cold and snowy conditions
1931 100°F (38°C), Pahala, Hawaii (state record)
1933 Adolf Hitler authorizes creation of Ministry of Aviation, in part to revive the German Luftwaffe, under Reichsmarshall Hermann Goering
1933 Karl Jansky reports reception of cosmic radio signal in Washington, D.C.
1933 Jessop & Son department store in Nottingham, England, acquired by John Lewis Partnership. The partnership's first shop outside London.
1935 Brussels World Exposition opens
1940 Himmler orders establishment of Auschwitz Concentration Camp
1941 German troops occupy Athens, Greece
1942 Belgian Jews are forced to wear stars
1942 Tornado destroys Pryor, Oklahoma, killing 100, injuring 300
1943 Soviet Union breaks contact with Polish government exiled in London
1943 Witold Pilecki escapes from Auschwitz after having voluntarily been imprisoned there to gain information about the Holocaust
1945 2nd Republic of Austria forms
1945 Italian partisans capture Benito Mussolini at Dongo (Lake Como)
1945 US 5th army enters Genoa
1945 World War II: The Völkischer Beobachter, the newspaper of the Nazi Party, ceases publication
1946 1st radar installed aboard a commercial ship
1948 Arab legion attacks Gesher bridge on Jordan River
1950 "Tickets, Please" opens at Coronet Theater NYC for 245 performances
1950 South Africa passes Group Areas Act segregating races
1952 "4 Saints in 3 Acts" closes at Broadway Theater NYC after 15 performances
1953 1st general elections in British Guiana, won by the People's Progressive Party with Cheddi Jagan first person of Indian descent to be elected head of government outside South Asia
1953 Wrestler Freddie Blassie coins term "Pencil neck geek"
1956 Undefeated world heavyweight boxing champion Rocky Marciano, retires from the ring
1959 "Today" show goes abroard 1st time (Paris France)
1959 Mao Zedong resigns as Chairman of the PRC after the disastrous failure of the Great Leap Forward. The Great Leap Forward (Second Five Year Plan) of the People's Republic of China (PRC) was an economic and social campaign led by the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) from 1958 to 1962. Chairman Mao Zedong launched the campaign to reconstruct the country from an agrarian economy into a communist society through the formation of people's communes.
1959 The last Canadian missionary leaves the People's Republic of China.
1960 1st atomic powered electric-drive submarine launched (Tullibee)
1960 South Korean President Syngman Rhee resigns after 12 years in power
1960 Togo (formerly French Togo) declares independence from French administration
1961 NASA launches Explorer 11 into Earth orbit to study gamma rays
1961 Sierra Leone declares independence from UK
1962 Arnold Wesker's "Chips with Everything" premieres in London
1962 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Christmas Island
1963 "Jopie" Pengel forms government in Suriname
1963 Cuban premier Fidel Castro arrives in Moscow
1964 John Lennon's "In His Own Write" is published in US
1965 "I'm Solomon" closes at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC after 7 performances
1965 RC Duncan patents "Pampers" disposable diaper
1966 Dmitri Shostakovich completes his 2nd Cello Concert
1967 Expo 67 opens in Montreal, Canada
1967 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1968 "Education of Hyman Kaplan" closes at Alvin NYC after 28 performances
1968 Baltimore Oriole Tom Phoebus no-hits Boston, 6-0
1968 Congress of Political Party Radicals (PPR) forms in Netherlands
1968 The Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association (NICRA) hold a rally to protest the banning of a Republican Easter parade
1972 Apollo 16 returns to Earth
1972 NYC Mayor John Lindsey appeals that John Lennon not be deported
1974 Pan Am 707 crashes into mountains of Bali, killing 107
1975 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1976 "So Long 174th St" opens at Harkness Theater NYC for 16 performances
1976 Arabic Monetary Fund established in Abu Dhabi
1977 Bloody riots in Soweto, South Africa
1977 HCC, Hobby Computer Club, forms in Netherlands
1977 28 people are killed in the Guatemala City air disaster.
1978 Cooling tower collapses at a coal-fired power plant at Willow Island, West Virginia, kills 51
1978 Afghanistan revolution (National Day), pro-Russian military coup
1979 George Harrison releases "Love Comes to Everyone"
1981 Paul McCartney's solo rock band Wings disbands
1981 Xerox PARC introduces the computer mouse
1982 Trial of John Hinckley begins for the attempted assassination of US President Ronald Reagan
1984 Over 70 inches of snow falls on Red Lake Montana
1986 "Sweet Charity" opens at Minskoff Theater NYC for 368 performances
1986 Captain Midnight (John R MacDougall) interrupts HBO
1986 Soviet authorities order the evacuation of the city of Pripyat (pop. 50,000) 1 day after the Chernobyl nuclear accident
1987 US Justice Department bars Austrian Chancellor Kurt Waldheim from entering US, due to his aid of Nazi Germany during WW II
1989 "Starmites" opens at Criterion Theater NYC for 60 performances
1989 Beijing students take over Tiananmen Square in China
1989 Hurricane in Bangladesh kills 500
1989 Mandatory seatbelt law goes into effect in Italy
1990 50th annual barbershop quartet singing convention held (Mich)
1990 Dodger Orel Hershiser undergoes career-threatening shoulder surgery
1990 Villanova's women set a 6,000 m relay world record of 17:18:10
1991 "Lucifer's Child" closes at Music Box Theater NYC after 28 performances
1992 "Small Family Business" opens at Music Box Theater NYC for 48 performances
1992 The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, comprising Serbia and Montenegro, is proclaimed
1992 Betty Boothroyd becomes the first woman to be elected Speaker of the British House of Commons in its 700-year history.
1993 Afghan Antonov AN-32 crashes at Tashqurgan, kills 76
1994 "An Inspector Calls" opens at Royale Theater NYC for 454 performances
1994 29.0°C in Genevad, Sweden (Swedish April high temperature record)
1994 Graeme Obree bicycles world record time (52,713 km)
1994 Former US President Richard Nixon buried in Nixon Library in California
1994 Freedom Day: day 2 of South Africa's 1st multi-racial elections and day most voted - some queuing for 10 hours
1995 "Indiscretions" opens at Ethel Barrymore Theater NYC for 221 performances
1997 "Little Foxes" opens at Vivian Beaumont NYC for 56 performances
1997 "Stanley" closes at Circle in Sq Theater NYC
1997 Frank Nobilo wins Greater Greensboro Chrysler Classic at Forest Oaks
2002 The last successful telemetry from the NASA space probe Pioneer 10
2005 The superjumbo jet aircraft Airbus A380 makes its first flight from Toulouse, France
2006 Construction begins on the Freedom Tower for the new World Trade Center in New York City
2007 Estonian authorities remove the Bronze Soldier, a Soviet Red Army war memorial in Tallinn, amid political controversy with Russia.
2011 Deadliest day of the 2011 super outbreak of tornadoes, the largest tornado outbreak in United States history
2011 U.S. President Barack Obama, coerced by incessant false "birther" accusations, publicly releases a copy of his birth certificate
2012 Four explosions in Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine, kill 27 people
2013 10 people are killed and 25 are injured after a bomb attack in Karachi, Pakistan
2014 Ariana Grande's first single from her second debut album, "Problem" featuring Iggy Azalea, is released
2018 Historic Korean summit, the North's Kim Jong-un and Moon Jae-in of South Korea agree to officially end Korean war and rid peninsula of nuclear weapons
2018 Swedish band ABBA announce they have recorded new songs for the first time since 1982
2018 German leader Angela Merkel has a 1-day trip to Washington meeting US President Donald Trump
2018 Mass protests across Spain after 5 men convicted of sexual abuse but not rape of teenage girl during Running of the Bulls festival in Pamplona
2018 More than 40 Tuareg killed over two days by suspected jihadists in Menaka region, Mali
2019 Pope Francis donates $500,000 for migrants stranded in Mexico trying to reach the US
2019 Shooter opens fire in a synagogue in Poway, California, killing one and injuring three
2020 Global confirmed cases of COVID-19 pass 3 million with the death toll at 205,000. US has 1/3 of all new cases.
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What can we celebrate today?

Post by Richard Frost » Wed Apr 28 2021 10:24am

28th April

World Day for Safety and Health at Work
Wednesday 28 April is World Day for Safety and Health at Work and Workers' Memorial Day. The day provides an opportunity to reflect on how to prevent work-related occupational diseases, deaths, injuries, and illnesses. It is also a day to remember those that have died from a work-related injury or illness.

DENIM DAY
Each year in April, Denim Day raises awareness about all forms of sexual violence.

Throughout the country and world, the day sets a standard of support for survivors and provides a foundation for solidarity through a simple message; there is no reason for sexual assault, not even the type of clothes a person wears.

The day calls for everyone to wear denim to show support for victims and survivors of sexual harassment, abuse, assault, and rape. Colleges, clinics, businesses, and organizations host educational events and fundraisers to increase awareness and change misconceptions.

On this day in history

357 Emperor Constantius II visits Rome
1192 Assassination of Conrad of Montferrat (Conrad I), King of Jerusalem, in Tyre, two days after his title to the throne confirmed by election. Killing carried out by Hashshashin.
1202 King Philip II expels King John of England ("Lackland") from France
1253 -May 7th) Utrecht destroyed by fire
1253 Nichiren, a Japanese Buddhist monk, propounds Nam Myoho Renge Kyo for the first time and declares it to be the essence of Buddhism, in effect founding Nichiren Buddhism.
1376 English parliament demands supervision of royal spending
1376 English "Good Parliament" begins meeting in London, will sit till 10th July, then the longest-sitting English parliament
1503 Battle at Cerignalo: Spanish army under G Cordoba beats France
1521 Treaty of Worms: Emperor Charles names his brother Ferdinand Archduke of Netherlands-Austria
1550 Powers of Dutch inquisition extends
1611 Establishment of the Pontifical and Royal University of Santo Tomas, The Catholic University of the Philippines, oldest existing university in Asia and largest Catholic university in the world
1635 Virginia Governor John Harvey accused of treason and removed from office
1655 English General-at-Sea Robert Blake (he was never titled Admiral) beats North African pirate fleet
1770 British Captain James Cook, aboard the Endeavour, lands at Botany Bay in Australia
1788 Maryland becomes 7th state to ratify US constitution
1789 Fletcher Christian leads a mutiny on HMS Bounty against its captain William Bligh in the South Pacific
1796 Cease fire of Cherasco between Sardinia and Napoleon Bonaparte
1804 31 British ships sail up Suriname river demanding transition colony from the Dutch
1818 US President James Monroe proclaims naval disarmament on Great Lakes and Lake Champlain
1829 Dutch parliament accepts new press laws
1847 George B. Vashon becomes 1st African American to enter New York State Bar
1848 Slavery abolished in French colonies
1855 1st veterinary college in US incorporated in Boston
1865 Giacomo Meyerbeer's opera "L'Africaine" premieres in Paris
1881 French troops sent into Tunisia
1881 Billy the Kid escapes from the Lincoln County jail in Lincoln, New Mexico
1892 1st performance of Antonín Dvořák's overture "Carnival Overture"
1901 Cleveland's Bock Baker gives up a record 23 singles as White Sox beat Blues (Cleveland Blues!) 13-1
1902 Using the ISO 8601 standard Year Zero definition for the Gregorian calendar preceded by the Julian calendar, the one billionth minute since the start of January 1 Year Zero occurs at 10:40 AM on this date
1910 First night air flight by Claude Grahame-White in England
1914 181 die in coal mine collapse at Eccles, West Virginia
1919 1st jump with US Army Air Corps (rip-cord type) parachute (Les Irvin)
1920 Azerbaijan SSR joins USSR (1st time)
1923 Wembley Stadium opens - Bolton Wanderers vs West Ham United (FA Cup)
1924 119 die in coal mine disaster at Benwood, West Virginia
1925 Kurdish rebels surrender to Turkish army
1925 Netherlands & Great Britain return to gold standard
1931 Program for woman athletes approved for 1932 Olympics track & field
1934 Spanish government of Samper forms
1935 Moscow underground railway opens (81 km long)
1937 1st animated cartoon electric sign displayed (NYC)
1937 1st commercial flight across Pacific operated by Pan Am
1939 Adolf Hitler claims German-Polish non-attack treaty still in effect
1940 Glenn Miller records "Pennsylvania 6-5000"
1940 SS-Obersturmbannführer (lieutenant colonel) Rudolf Höss (not Hess, different Nazi) becomes commandant of concentration camp Auschwitz
1941 Last British troops in Greece surrender
1942 German Luftwaffe estimated to have flown over 11 thousand sorties against Malta since 20th March
1942 "WW II" titled so, as result of Gallup Poll
1942 Nightly "dim-out" begins along US East Coast
1943 1st performance of Marc Blitzstein's "Freedom Morning"
1943 German-Italian counter offensive in North Africa
1943 US 34th Division occupies Djebel el Hara, North Tunisia
1944 Soviet leader Joseph Stalin meets Polish-American priest Stanislaus Orlemanski in Moscow to discuss religion and the future of post-war Poland
1944 Exercise "Tiger" ends with 750 US soldiers dead in D-Day rehearsal after their convoy ships were attacked by German torpedo boats off Slapton Sands, Devon.
1945 British commandos attack Elbe & occupy Lauenburg
1945 US 5th army reaches Swiss border
1947 Thor Heyerdahl and the crew of the "Kon-Tiki" sail from Peru to Polynesia
1949 Former Philippine First Lady Aurora Quezon, 61, assassinated while en route to dedicate a hospital in memory of her late husband; her daughter and 10 others also killed
1951 Mohammad Mosaddegh elected Prime Minister of Iran by the Parliament of Iran (Majlis)
1952 WW II Pacific peace treaty takes effect
1952 Dwight D. Eisenhower resigns as Supreme Commander of NATO
1956 Last French troops leave Vietnam
1957 LPGA Western Open Women's Golf, Montgomery CC: Patty Berg wins her 6th WO by 1 stroke from Wiffi Smith
1957 4th National Film Awards (India): "Kabuliwala" wins the Golden Lotus
1958 Great Britain performs atmospheric nuclear test at Christmas Island
1958 Vanguard TV-5 launched for Earth orbit (failed)
1958 US Vice President Richard Nixon begins goodwill tour of Latin America
1959 6th National Film Awards (India): "Sagar Sangamey" wins the Golden Lotus
1960 "Christine" opens at 46th St Theater NYC for 12 performances
1961 Lt Col Gueorgui Mossolov takes E-66A to 34,714 m altitude
1963 17th Tony Awards: "Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?" and "A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum" win
1964 Japan joins the OECD
1965 "My Name is Barbra", Barbra Streisand's first television special, premieres on CBS
1965 Richard Helms replaces Marshall S Carter as deputy director of CIA
1965 US marines invade Dominican Republic, stay until October 1966
1965 William F Raborn Jr replaces John A McCone as 7th head of CIA
1965 Luciano Pavarotti makes his debut at La Scala, Milan in Franco Zeffirelli's production of "La bohème" with Mirella Freni
1966 38th Academy Awards: "The Sound of Music", Julie Christie & Lee Marvin win
1966 OCAM, Common Afro-Mauritian Organization forms
1967 Muhammad Ali refuses induction into army & stripped of boxing title
1967 The Douglas Aircraft Company behind schedule with deliveries of the DC-8 and DC-9 and close to bankruptcy agrees to merge with the McDonnell Aircraft Corporation to form McDonnell Douglas
1968 11 year-old Mary Bell strangles 4 year-old
1969 Charles de Gaulle resigns as president of France
1969 Northern Ireland Prime Minister Terence O'Neill resigns and is replaced later by James Chichester-Clark.
1969 4th Academy of Country Music Awards: Glen Campbell and Cathie Taylor winl
1971 Dutch social democratic party/D'66/DS'70 win parliamentary election
1971 Samuel Lee Gravely Jr becomes 1st black admiral in US Navy
1972 Courts award 1968 Kentucky Derby prize money to 2nd place winner due to the winner being given drugs before the race
1973 Over 6000 Mk. 82 500 pound bombs detonate over 18 hrs in a railyard in northern California. 5500 structures damaged, town of Antelope destroyed, with every building reduced to foundations. Leads to Transportation Safety Act (1974)
1975 Ringo Starr appears on "The Smothers Brothers Show", singing Hoyt Axton's "No No Song"
1975 South-Vietnam Gen Duong Van Minh sworn in as president till April 30
1975 John Lennon is the guest on Tom Snyder's "Tomorrow" program, in what turns out to be his his final television interview
1977 Christopher Boyce convicted for selling secrets
1977 Andreas Baader and members of terrorist group the Red Army Faction (Baader-Meinhof Gang) jailed for life after a trial lasting nearly 2 years in Stuttgart, Germany
1977 The Budapest Treaty on the International Recognition of the Deposit of Microorganisms for the Purposes of Patent Procedure is signed.
1980 Cyrus Vance, Carter's US Secretary of State, resigns
1981 "We’re Fighting Back" premieres on CBS in the US, based on the formation of the Guardian Angels
1983 Argentine government declares all 15-30,000 missing persons dead
1983 NASA launches Geos-F
1984 "La Tragedie de Carmen" closes at Beaumont Theater NYC after 187 performances
1986 Soviet TV news program Vremya announces a nuclear accident at Chernobyl nuclear power station, 2 days after the event
1987 American engineer Ben Linder is killed in an ambush by U.S.-funded Contras in northern Nicaragua.
1988 Benny Andersson, Björn Ulvaeus, and Tim Rice's musical "Chess" opens at Imperial Theater NYC for 68 performances
1988 Aloha Airlines Boeing 737 roof tears off in flight; kills stewardess
1989 Argentina, hit by rocketing inflation, runs out of money
1989 Iran protests sale of "Satanic Verses" by Salman Rushdie
1990 "Chorus Line" closes at Shubert Theater NYC after 6,137 performances
1990 Professional Bowlers Assoc Tournament of Champions: Dave Ferraro beats Tony Westlake, 226–203
1990 Last issue of Dutch communist daily De Waarheid (The Truth)
1991 "Gypsy" opens at Marquis Theater NYC for 105 performances
1991 "Taking Steps" closes at Circle in Sq Theater NYC after 78 performances
1991 Space Shuttle STS 39 (Discovery 12) launched
1992 Italian President Francesco Cossiga formally resigns
1993 "Tango Passion" opens at Longacre Theater NYC for 5 performances
1993 Carlo Ciampi forms Italian government with ex-communists
1993 Zambian plane crashes at Libreville, Gabon, 30 soccer players die
1994 Aldrich Ames, former CIA officer and his wife Rosario plead guilty to spying for the Soviet Union and Russia
1994 Freddy Thielemans sworn in as Mayor of Brussels, Belgium
1995 Gas explosion in South Korean metro, 103 die
1995 Sri Lankaan BAE748 crashes at Palaly, 52 die
1996 "Big" opens at Shubert Theater NYC for 193 performances
1996 In Australia's worst massacre in modern history, Martin Bryant shoots and kills 35 in Port Arthur, Tasmania. Leads to a compulsory gun buy back program and major changes to gun control laws.
1997 "Jekyll & Hyde" opens at Plymouth Theater NYC
2001 Millionaire Dennis Tito becomes the world's first space tourist
2002 The Tradition Senior Men's Golf, Superstition Mountain G&CC: Jim Thorpe wins his lone career major title with birdie on first playoff hole against John Jacobs
2004 Shrek the sheep from Tarras, Central Otago, New Zealand, is finally shorn live on TV after 6 years avoidance; the fleece weighed 27 kg (60 lb)
2005 The Patent Law Treaty goes into effect.
2007 Cricket World Cup, Bridgetown, Barbados: Australia defeats Sri Lanka by 53 runs to win their 3rd consecutive World Cup; Glenn McGrath Player of Series
2012 Tent collapse in St Louis, Missouri, kills one and injures 110 people
2013 8 people are killed and dozens are injured after Taliban attacks on election candidates in Pakistan
2013 3 people are killed and 14 are injured after a gas explosions causes a building to collapse in Reims, France
2017 Gwyneth Paltrow brand Goop and Condé Nast announce they will be launching a quarterly publication together
2018 Danny Devito Day declared in Jersey for 17th November by Mayor John Moor of Asbury Park
2018 World's largest child sacrifice, 140 remains uncovered by archaeologists near Trujillo, Peru, dating back 550 years to Chimú civilisation
2018 Indian government announces electricity has now reached every Indian village
2019 TV series "Game of Thrones: The Long Night" episode debuts with the longest battle ever screened (nearly 80 mins), surpassing "Lord of the Rings" Battle of Helm's Deep (44 mins)
2019 American diver Victor Vescovo makes the deepest dive ever to the bottom of the Mariana trench at 10,927m (35,849ft), and finds a plastic bag
2019 Disney says Marvel film "Avengers: Endgame" made estimated $1.2 billion worldwide, first film to make more than 1 billion on opening
2019 Largest demonstrations since 2014 in Hong Kong over plans to change law to send suspects to mainland China for trial
2019 Spanish general election: no one wins majority, Socialists under Pedro Sanchez win most with 29%
2020 US confirmed cases of COVID-19 pass 1 million, while death toll of 58,365 surpasses that of US soldiers killed in Vietnam War (Johns Hopkins)
2020 US Department of Defense releases three declassified videos of possible UFOs from 2004 and 2015
2020 President Vladimir Putin warns Russia has not yet reached the peak of COVID-19 infections, with 93,000 recorded cases and 867 deaths
2020 Argentina bans all commercial domestic and international flights until September 1 because of COVID-19
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Re: What can we celebrate today?

Post by Sarah » Wed Apr 28 2021 1:25pm

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What can we celebrate today?

Post by Richard Frost » Thu Apr 29 2021 9:48am

29th April

international Dance day
Every 29 April is International Dance Day, a day set aside by the International Dance Council to promote public awareness of the “art of dance”. The date was chosen because it is the birthday of famed French dance artist Jean-Georges Noverre, but no particular type of dance or dancer is the focus of the event.

Today in history

1091 Battle at Monte Levunium: Byzantium Emperor Alexius I beats Petshegene force invading from the north
1429 Joan of Arc arrives at the siege of Orleans
1522 Emperor Charles V names Frans van Holly inquisitor-general of Netherlands
1540 Emperor Charles V declares all privileges of Ghent ended
1550 Emperor Charles V gives inquisiters additional authority
1553 Flemish woman introduces practice of starching linen into England
1587 Sir Frances Drake sails into Cadiz Spain & sinks Spanish fleet ("singeing the King of Spain's beard")
1623 11 Dutch ships depart for the conquest of Peru
1628 Sweden & Denmark sign defense treaty against Duke of Wallenstein
1636 Prince Frederick Henry occupies Schenkenschans fortress after a nine-month siege during the Dutch Revolt
1644 Farm leader Li Zicheng becomes Emperor of China and flees Peking
1648 Beginning of the 18 day battle of Zhovti Vody in Ukraine - Polish King Casimir eventually defeated by Cossacks
1661 Chinese Ming dynasty occupies Taiwan
1670 Clemens X [Emilio Bonaventura Altieri] elected Pope
1672 Franco-Dutch War: Louis XIV of France invades the Netherlands.
1701 Drenthe, Netherlands, adopts Gregorian calendar, tomorrow is May 12, 1701
1706 Emperor Jozef I becomes monarch of Cologne and Bavaria
1707 English and Scottish parliaments accept Act of Union; creates the United Kingdom of Great Britain (comes into being 1st May)
1715 English Astronomer John Flamsteed observes Uranus for 6th time
1769 Scottish engineer James Watt's patent for a steam engine with a separate condenser enrolled (Patent 913)
1781 French fleet occupies Tobago during American War of Independence
1781 French fleet stops Britain from seizing the Cape of Good Hope
1784 Premiere of Mozart's Sonata in B flat, K454 in Vienna
1793 Cornerstone laid for Groningen's new town hall in the Netherlands
1813 Ist US Rubber patent granted to Jacob F. Hummel
1834 Charles Darwin's expedition sees the top of the Andes Mountains from Patagonia
1845 Macon B. Allen & Robert Morris Jr are 1st African Americans to open a law practice in the US
1852 1st edition of Peter Roget's Thesaurus published in Great Britain
1853 Comet C/1853 G1 (Schweizer) approaches within 0.0839 AUs of Earth
1854 Lincoln University, Pennsylvania, receives its charter from Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, making it the 1st degree-granting Black college in US
1857 US Army, Pacific Div HQ permanently forms at Presidio (San Francisco)
1861 Maryland's House of Delegates votes against seceding from Union (US Civil War)
1862 100,000 federal troops prepare to march into Corinth, Mississippi
1862 New Orleans falls to Union forces during US Civil War
1864 -30] Skirmish at Jenkins' Ferry, Arkansas
1864 The Theta Xi fraternity is founded at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in Troy, New York
1864 Battle of Gate Pa (Pukehinahina): 1,700 British troops suffer their worst defeat of the New Zealand Wars at the hands of 230 entrenched Maori warriors in Tauranga
1882 The "Elektromote" - forerunner of the trolleybus - is tested by Werner von Siemens in Berlin
1886 1st public Dutch electricity service begins
1888 Old Kavallison, Congo: Henry Morton Stanley meets Emin Pasha
1894 The 500-strong Commonwealth of Christ (Coxey's Army) arrives in Washington, D.C., to protest against unemployment; Coxey arrested for trespassing at Capitol
1901 Antisemitic riot in Budapest
1902 Congress extends the Chinese Exclusion Act (of 1882) prohibiting immigration of Chinese laborers from territories to the mainland, a rule clearly aimed at Chinese in the Philippines
1903 Limestone slides at Turtle Mountain kill 9 in Frank, Alberta
1905 2" rain falls in 10 mins in Taylor, Texas
1905 Pierre de Brazza lands in Libreville, Gabon
1910 Ex-US President Theodore Roosevelt visits Amsterdam
1912 108°F (42°C), Tuguegarao, Philippines (Oceania record)
1912 Frank Wedekind's "Tod und Teufel" premieres in Berlin
1916 Irish republicans abandon the post office in Dublin and surrender unconditionally, marking the end of the Easter Rising
1920 Duke Kahanamoku wins his 2nd gold medal of the day in the winning American 4 x 200m freestyle relay team with Perry McGillivray, Pua Kealoha and Norman Ross in world record 10:04.4
1922 1st official International Weightlifting Federation Champ in Tallinn, Estonia
1926 France and US reach accord on repayment of WW I
1927 Construction of Spirit of St Louis (the monoplane which Charles Lindburgh was to fly across the Atlantic) is completed
1930 North Sea floodgate at Ijmuiden (biggest in world) officially opens
1930 Telephone connection Britain-Australia goes into service
1940 Norwegian King Haakon & government flee to Britain
1940 Robert Sherwood's play "There Shall be No Night" premieres in NYC
1942 Japanese troop march into Lashio, cutting off Burma Road
1942 Jews forced to wear a Jewish Star in Netherlands & Vichy-France
1943 German pastor and anti-Nazi dissident Dietrich Bonhoeffer arrested by the Gestapo
1943 Noël Coward's comic play "Present Laughter" premieres in London
1943 US 34th Division occupies Hill 609, North Tunisia
1944 Raid by Dutch Resistance on the National Printing Office in The Hague to procure 10,000 Dutch identity cards.
1945 First food drop by RAF above Nazi-occupied Holland (Operation Manna)
1945 Japanese army evacuates Rangoon, British Burma
1945 German armies in Italy sign an unconditional surrender to the Western Allies to be carried out on 2 May
1945 US Army liberates 31,601 people from the Dachau Nazi concentration camp in Germany
1945 Venice and Mestre captured by the Allies
1945 Conscientious objector Desmond Doss saves approximately 75 wounded soldiers in the Battle of Okinawa at Hacksaw Ridge. Later depicted in the Oscar-winning film "Hacksaw Ridge".
1946 28 former Japanese leaders indicted in Tokyo as war criminals
1951 China seizes the assets of the Asiatic Petroleum Company, a joint venture between the Shell and Royal Dutch oil companies in retaliation for the Hong Kong Government's requisitioning of the tanker Yung Hao
1953 6th Cannes Film Festival: "The Wages of Fear" directed by Henri-Georges Clouzot wins the Grand Prix du Festival International du Film
1955 Giovanni Gronchi elected third President of Italy
1957 1st military nuclear power plant dedicated at Fort Belvoir, Virginia
1962 16th Tony Awards: "A Man For All Seasons" & "How to Succeed in Business Without Really Trying" win
1963 LPGA Titleholders Championship Women's Golf, Augusta CC: Marilynn Smith beats Mickey Wright by 1 shot in 18-hole playoff
1964 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1965 Australian government announces it would send troops to Vietnam
1965 Earthquake hits Seattle; 5 die
1965 Malta becomes 18th member of Council of Europe
1967 "Respect" single released by Aretha Franklin (Billboard Song of the Year 1967)
1968 "Hair" opens at Biltmore Theater NYC for 1750 performances
1969 "Trumpets of the Lord" opens at Brooks Atkinson NYC for 7 performances
1970 US and South Vietnamese forces launch an incursion into Cambodia, expanding the Vietnam War
1971 Boeing receives contract for Mariner 10, Mercury exploration
1971 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1974 US President Richard Nixon said he will release edited tapes made in the White House
1975 Ethiopia nationalizes all land
1975 Vietnam War: US begins to evacuate its citizens from Saigon in Operation Frequent Wind in response to advancing North Vietnamese forces, bringing an end to US involvement in the war
1975 Charles McMahon and Darwin Judge are the last two United States servicemen killed in Vietnam during the Vietnam War
1976 Minister Irene Vorrink begins fluoridating Dutch drinking water
1977 British Aerospace forms
1980 Corazones Unidos Siempre Chi Upsilon Sigma National Latin Sorority Inc. is founded
1982 17th Academy of Country Music Awards: Alabama, Merle Haggard, and Barbara Mandrell win
1982 Alfredo Magana elected President of El Salvador
1982 American mafia hitman Richard Kuklinski murders pharmacist Paul Hoffman by beating him with a tire iron
1983 Harold Washington sworn in as Chicago's 1st African American mayor
1984 "Oliver!" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC for 17 performances
1985 17th space shuttle mission (51-B)-Challenger 7 launched
1986 800,000 books destroyed by fire in Los Angeles Central Library
1987 Japan's premier Nakasone visits the US
1989 2nd government of Lubbers falls in the Netherlands
1990 "Change in the Heir" opens at Edison Theater NYC for 16 performances
1990 Wrecking cranes began tearing down the Berlin Wall at the Brandenburg Gate
1990 US 66th manned space mission STS 31 (Discovery 10) returns from space
1991 "Our Country's Good" opens at Nederlander Theater NYC for 48 performances
1991 Cyclone strikes the Chittagong district in Bangladesh, killing 139,000 people and leaving 10 million homeless
1991 Earthquake in Georgia, kills 100
1991 "Don't Rock the Jukebox" single released by Alan Jackson (ASCAP Award Country Song of the Year 1992, Billboard Song of the Year 1991)
1992 "Falsettos" opens at John Golden Theater NYC for 487 performances
1992 27th Academy of Country Music Awards: Garth Brooks and Reba McEntire win
1992 Country singer Doug Stone, 35, undergoes quadruple bypass surgery
1992 Jury acquits Los Angeles Police Department officers on charges of excessive force in the beating of Rodney King; the decision sparks massive riots in the city
1992 Sheena Easton collapses on stage while performing in "Man of LaMancha"
1994 Last day of voting in 1st multi-racial elections in South Africa
1994 Ferry boat smashes into Mombasa Harbor Kenya, kills over 300
1994 Israel & PLO sign economic accord
1995 Longest sausage ever, at 28.77 miles, made in Kitchener, Ontario
1996 "Rent", starring Idina Menzel and Taye Diggs, opens at Nederlander Theater NYC
1997 "Candide" opens at Gershwin Theater NYC for 103 performances
1997 Chemical Weapons Convention of 1993 comes into force, outlaws production, stockpiling and use of chemical weapons among its signatories
1997 50th British Film and Television Awards (BAFTAS): "The English Patient" Best Film, Joel & Ethan Coen Best Director
1997 43rd British Academy Television Awards: "Only Fools and Horses" Best Comedy, "EastEnders" Best Drama
1999 Avala TV Tower near Belgrade is destroyed in NATO bombing of Yugoslavia
2002 The United States is re-elected to the United Nations Commission on Human Rights, one year after losing the seat it had held for 50 years
2004 Dick Cheney and George W. Bush testify before the 9/11 Commission in a closed, unrecorded hearing in the Oval Office
2004 Oldsmobile builds its final car ending 107 years of production
2005 Syria completes withdrawal from Lebanon, ending 29 years of occupation
2005 New Zealand's first civil union takes place
2007 2nd Republic protest in support of state secularism held in Istanbul, Turkey
2012 International Chemical Weapons Convention deadline for chemical weapon stockpiles comes into effect
2013 7 people are killed after a Boeing 747 crashes in Bagram, Afghanistan
2015 Indonesia executes 8 prisoners, including 7 foreigners, for drug offences at Besi Prison on the island of Nusakambangan
2015 German Measles is declared eradicated from North and South America - 1st world region to do so
2016 Iranian run-off elections give moderates and reforms a majority in parliament
2016 "Views" 4th studio album by Drake is released
2016 "H.O.L.Y" single released by Florida Georgia Line (Billboard Song of the Year 2016)
2017 3 tornadoes hit south east of Dallas, Texas, killing 5
2018 UK Home Secretary Amber Rudd resigns amid immigration scandal involving the Windrush generation
2018 Sweden's official Twitter account confirms Swedish meatballs actually originated in Turkey
2018 Spanish tennis great Rafael Nadal equals his Open-era record for most wins at the same event (11 Monte Carlo) with his 11th Barcelona ATP title
2018 Animated series "The Simpsons" surpasses 635-episode count of "Gunsmoke"'; highest number of episodes of any series on TV
2019 Indonesia reveals its plans to relocate its capital from Jakarta due to the city sinking, according to a government minister
2019 Over 300 people declared to have died through overwork in Indonesia's one-day election on April 17th, with over 2,000 fallen sick
2019 Over 700 people infected with measles in the US, highest number for 25 years
2019 Sports Illustrated features a Muslim model, Halima Aden, in a Burkini for the first time in their swimsuit edition
2019 Islamic State releases video showing leader Bakr al-Baghdadi for first time in five years
2020 A mile-wide asteroid named 1998 OR2 passes within 3.9 million miles of Earth
2020 US GDP falls 4.8% for the financial quarter, officially ending the country's growth streak. Worst contraction since 2008.
2020 UK official death toll reaches 26,000 deaths from COVID-19 as care home and community deaths included
2020 Fire at an Icheon warehouse, South Korea, kills 38
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kevinchess1
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Re: What can we celebrate today?

Post by kevinchess1 » Thu Apr 29 2021 11:20am

Also 1986 was the Funeral of Wallis Simpson.
Politically incorrect since 69

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Re: What can we celebrate today?

Post by Richard Frost » Thu Apr 29 2021 11:28am

kevinchess1 wrote:
Thu Apr 29 2021 11:20am
Also 1986 was the Funeral of Wallis Simpson.
Wallis Simpson · Died
24 Apr 1986

She was buried in an English oak coffin on 29/4/86, marked with a silver plate inscribed simply "Wallis, Duchess of Windsor, 1896-1986".

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