On this day

Discussion about miscellaneous topics not covered by other forums
Richard Frost
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Re: On this day

Post by Richard Frost » Thu Jun 17 2021 3:26pm

macliam wrote:
Thu Jun 17 2021 3:03pm
Richard Frost wrote:
Thu Jun 17 2021 10:45am
On this day 17th June 2021
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size=150]On this day in British History[/size]
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1579 Anti-English uprising in Ireland
So much detail..... :mrgreen:
Oddly though, although the second Desmond rebellion started in July 1579, neither "Today in Irish History" not Wikipedia have anything happening in June :eh:
Strange, still thats the date shown in https://www.onthisday.com/today/british-history.php Guess they might be wrong. But as you say so little detail.
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Re: On this day

Post by macliam » Thu Jun 17 2021 4:31pm

Richard Frost wrote:
Thu Jun 17 2021 3:26pm
macliam wrote:
Thu Jun 17 2021 3:03pm
Richard Frost wrote:
Thu Jun 17 2021 10:45am
On this day 17th June 2021
v
v
v
size=150]On this day in British History[/size]
v
v
1579 Anti-English uprising in Ireland
So much detail..... :mrgreen:
Oddly though, although the second Desmond rebellion started in July 1579, neither "Today in Irish History" not Wikipedia have anything happening in June :eh:
Strange, still thats the date shown in https://www.onthisday.com/today/british-history.php Guess they might be wrong. But as you say so little detail.
Well, you can stick a pin in almost any calendar after 1169 and find something like that..... ;)

But, after extensive research (well, 5 minutes), the same no-detail note crops up in a few places, but as I say, not in the two which I would normally trust to contain such gems. I guess that's the problem with agglomeration sites, you have to be able to trust their sources......
Just because I'm paranoid, it doesn't mean they're not out to get me

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On this day

Post by Richard Frost » Fri Jun 18 2021 12:04pm

18th June 2021

Sustainable Gastronomy Day
The UN General Assembly adopted on 21 December 2016 its resolution A/RES/71/246 and designated 18 June as an international observance, Sustainable Gastronomy Day. The decision acknowledges gastronomy as a cultural expression related to the natural and cultural diversity of the world.

International Picnic Day
It’s often claimed that life is no picnic – but today it is! International Picnic Day is a chance to eat out in the open air with friends or family. Placed conveniently in the middle of June, for many people this means that the weather should be fine and the sun shining (at least in the northern hemisphere). But even if the weather doesn’t want to cooperate, an inside picnic can be a great substitute. Just spread a blanket out on the floor and enjoy a simple meal! So get that picnic basket ready and get started celebrating International Picnic Day.

Go Fishing Day
The sun is just beginning to rise over the horizon, painting the sky a vivid palette of reds and oranges. The quiet buzz of insects can be heard as they dance over the water’s surface, punctuated occasionally by the splash of a fish breaking the surface for its morning meal, unknowing that it is destined to become a meal itself. Go Fishing Day celebrates quiet, meditative moments like this and those individuals who find solace in the pursuit of this elusive prey.

We have certainly all fished before. Fished for compliments, fished for some decent wine to go with our Sunday roast but the act of fishing is indeed considered an actual sport.

Whether you fish with the old fashion maggots, or whether you’ve progressed to the corn bait, you will find that fishing in general is a sport that requires both patience and strength. There are plenty of fish to choose from, depending on where you choose to fish and although some people fish for a living, this little hobby can develop into much more than just a Sunday morning past time…

While fishing has served to feed civilization since near the dawn of time, and in modern days it is a major industry that has a yearly yield in the billions of dollars, Go Fishing Day is dedicated to sport fishing, as well as those who fish as part of survival (known as subsistence fishing). Fishing is a great way to help add food to your table while having the satisfaction of knowing that you caught it yourself, as well as a wonderful bonding opportunity for friends and family.

While the most common forms of fishing are rod and reel fishing, fly fishing, and at a distant third bow-fishing, there are many other forms that are practiced around the world for survival and pleasure. Whatever your preferred method, fishing is a great experience and gets us back in touch with nature and ourselves. Contrary to popular belief, fishing is far more than “One jerk waiting for another jerk at the end of the line.”, and instead is actually a result of luck combined with three important processes, the state of the fish, how it encounters the tackle, and the composition of that tackle.

The Ancient Greeks considered fishermen of very low status so they rarely depicted them in art. All civilizations that lived near the water have developed some forms of fishing over time and even relied on fish as a part of their diet to some extent. Eating our fishy rewards after a long fishing stint, seems immoral for some but it is practical for many.

The benefits of fishing are plentiful. Now that isn’t just because of the great suntan you can get whilst sitting on the riverbanks or pondside whilst fishing, but because it is a sport that requires a lot of skill and diligence. Some of the biggest benefits include: boosting the immune system! Yes that’s a fact, if you’re doing something that you love, then your body is healing and strengthening itself constantly. Add this to the muscular strength you need to reel in that tough carp that has bit the line and you’re really working your cardiovascular system also. Good start isn’t it? Fishing also has the opposite effect also, it certainly helps promote relaxation and when you are sat out in nature, you are certainly getting your daily dose of fresh air and vitamin D that will make you feel good on the outside as well as on the inside! For those who have a little bit of a short temper, you could choose fishing as a way to tame that fiery temperament.

Fishing takes patience and promotes a calm nature, which is beneficial for you mentally and physically; it can lower blood pressure and allow you to feel more calm and ready to tackle life! It will help promote self-reliance and the ability to learn for yourself, and it’s a sport that can be enjoyed individually or with family. Think of it as family bonding time! “Come on kids, let’s go catch some Chinook with old pap!” Don’t forget to stick on your ‘gone fishing’ plaque on the doorstep, so the neighbours know where to find you!

Flip-Flop Day
If you’re tired of keeping your feet in stuffy shoes and need an excuse to expose those toes, Flip-Flop Day may just be the answer. People have been wearing flip-flops for thousands of years, with the earliest wearers being the Ancient Egyptians in 4000BC. Since then, the sandals have been worn throughout the world and have become a favourite for people enjoying a relaxing day at the beach or walking around in the sunshine. Flip-flops got their name because of the slapping sound they make against the ground when you walk in them. If the weather isn’t quite right for sandals, you could put on some warmer footwear and go shopping for a great new pair of flip-flops to be more prepared for when the sun does arrive! Not feeling like leaving the house at all? Why not put on flip-flops instead of your usual slippers and wear them at home to get yourself in the mood for summer? Although flip-flops can be great to wear on a fun casual day out, just be careful not to wear them for too long – the lack of support in flip-flops and their thin soles can lead to sore or injured feet!

Take Back the Lunch Break Day
Take Back the Lunch Break Day was created by Tork, the leading professional hygiene brand, in 2018 in response to the decline of the employee lunch break in today’s 24/7 work culture. According to research conducted by Tork, employees who take a lunch break score higher on a wide range of engagement metrics, including job satisfaction and productivity. Tork’s study also revealed that nearly 90 percent of employees consider the ability to take a lunch break critical when accepting a new job.

However, once they are on the job, the average lunch break is less than 30 minutes – barely enough time to purchase a meal, let alone enjoy it. That is why Tork created National Take Back the Lunch Break Day -to help improve workplace morale, satisfaction and productivity.

Clean Your Aquarium Day
They’re a source of simple, peaceful joy. The bubble of the aerator, the hiss of the pump for the filter, the gentle dance of the fish around the habitat you’ve created for them, and the slow zen-like movement of your algae snail across the stones at the bottom of your tank. Within this one small container is a microcosm of the ocean at large, whether you’ve adorned it with sunken castles with hidden gold (fish) within, cracked skulls, or a lush sub-aquatic garden, Clean Your Aquarium Day reminds you that occasionally your tank is going to need a scrub.

A selection of Birthdays

1269 Eleanor of England, Countess of Bar, born in Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire (d. 1298)
1318 Eleanor of Woodstock, English princess, daughter of Edward II, Duchess of Guelders, wife of Reinoud II, born in Woodstock, Oxfordshire (d. 1355)
1581 Thomas Overbury, English poet (A Wife) & essayist, born Compton Scorpion, Warks. (d. 1613)
1799 William Lassell, Astronomer who discovered satellites of Uranus and Neptune, b. Bolton (d.1880)
1822 Henry David Leslie, Choral & orchestral conductor & composer, born London (d. 1896)
1886 George Mallory, Mountain climber ("because it is there"), born in Mobberley, England (d. 1924)
1898 Carleton Hobbs, English actor (Sherlock Holmes), born in Farnborough, (d. 1978)
1899 John Warburton, Actor (Saratoga Trunk, King Rat, Cavalcade), born Maghull, Liverpool (d. 1981)
1901 Llewellyn Rees, British theatre actor (A Fish Called Wanda, Invisible Creature), born in Charmouth, Dorset, (d. 1994)
1915 Arthur Fagg, English cricket batsman (5 Tests; dual double-centuries for Kent v Essex 1938) and umpire (18 Tests, 7 ODIs), born in Chartham, England (d. 1977)
1915 Red Adair, American oilman (fought oil fires in Kuwait), born in Houston, Texas (d. 2004)
1915 Victor Legley, Belgian violinist and composer, born in Hazebrouck, Belgium (d. 1994)
1916 John Young, Scottish actor and TV panelist (Masquerade Party), born Edinburgh, (d. 1996)
1919 Edwin Clarke, British neurologist, medical historian,and museum keeper, born in Felling-on-Tyne, England (d. 1996)
1920 Ian Carmichael, British actor (Private's Progress, I'm All Right Jack), born in Hull, (d. 2010)
1925 Rex Collings, English publisher (Rex Collings), (d. 1996)
1927 John Phillipps Kenyon, English historian, born in Sheffield, (d. 1996)
1927 Paul Eddington, British actor (Devil Rides Out, Devil's Bride), born Paddington, London (d. 1995)
1932 Geoffrey Hill, English poet, born in Bromsgrove, Worcestershire (d. 2016
1940 Michael Sheard, Scottish character actor who featured in many films and television programmes, and was known for playing villains. His most prominent television role was as strict deputy headmaster Maurice Bronson in the children's series Grange Hill, which he played between 1985 and 1989. He appeared as Admiral Ozzel in The Empire Strikes Back (1980).(d. 2005)
1941 Delia Smith, English cook and television presenter, born in Woking, England
1942 Paul McCartney, British rock singer-songwriter, bassist, piano player (The Beatles - "Yesterday"; "I Will"; Wings -"Silly Love Songs"), born in Liverpool
1943 Barry Evans, Actor (Dr Upton-Dr in the House, Mind Your Language), born Guildford, (d. 1997)
1946 Russell Ash, British author ('the human Google'), born in Surrey
1947 Douglas Young, British composer, born in London
1960 Ralph Brown, British actor (Withnail and I), born in Cambridge
1960 West Arkeen, American guitarist and songwriter (for Guns N' Roses - "It's So Easy,"; "The Garden"), born in Neuilly-sur-Seine, France (d. 1997)
1961 [Genevieve] Alison Moyet, English rock vocalist (Yaz, Alf), born in Essex
1971 Nigel Owens, Welsh rugby union referee (record holder for most Test matches refereed), born in Mynyddcerrig, Carmarthenshire
1975 Jem [Jemma Griffiths], Welsh pop-rock, and "folktronica"singer-songwriter, born in Penarth, Wales
1986 Richard Madden, Scottish actor (Games of Thrones, Cinderella), born in Elderslie, Scotland

On this day in British History

1541 Irish parliament selects Henry VIII of England as King of Ireland
1639 Treaty of Berwick: Ends the First Bishops' War between England and Scotland
1643 Skirmish at Chalgrove Field: Prince Rupert parliamentary armies
1682 English Philosopher, William Penn founds Philadelphia, US
1767 Samuel Wallis, English sea captain, sights Tahiti, considered the first European to reach the island
1778 British Redcoats evacuate Philadelphia
1812 War of 1812 begins as US declares war against Britain
1815 Battle of Waterloo; Napoleon and France defeated by British forces under Wellington and Prussian troops under Blucher
1894 Premier Roseberry declares Uganda a British protectorate
1940 Winston Churchill's "this was their finest hour" speech urging perseverance during Battle of Britain delivered to House of Commons
1944 German submarine U-767 sunk by English Navy destroyers in the English Channel
1945 Fascist Politician and Nazi Propagandist, William Joyce (Lord Haw-Haw) charged with treason
1959 1st telecast transmitted from England to US
1970 Edward Heath's Conservative Party win the General Election in UK, replacing the Labour Party
1993 Tōru Takemitsu's "Archipelago S" premieres in Aldeburgh England
2016 Soyuz capsule returns to Earth 1st British International Space Station astronaut Tim Peake, Russian Yuri Malenchenko and American Timothy Kopra after 186 days

Northern Ireland

1969 A report published by the International Commission of Jurists on the British government's policy in Northern Ireland is critical of both the British government and the Northern Ireland government
1971 Social Democratic, Labour Party and Nationalist Members of Parliament refuse to attend the state opening of Stormont
1972 3 members of the British Army are killed by an Irish Republican Army (IRA) bomb in a derelict house near Lurgan, County Down

Scotland

1639-06-18 Treaty of Berwick: Ends the First Bishops' War between England and Scotland

Wales

1928-06-18 American aviator Amelia Earhart becomes the 1st woman to fly across the Atlantic Ocean landing at Burry Port, Wales

Deaths in History

1588 Robert Crowley, English printer and poet
1704 Thomas "Tom" Brown, English translator and writer of satire (Amusements Serious and Comical, calculated for the Meridian of London), dies at 41
1742 John Aislabie, English politician (Chancellor of the Exchequer), dies at 71
1749 Ambrose Philips, English poet (b. 1674)
1788 Adam Gib, Scottish religious leader, dies at 74
1794 James Murray, British military officer and administrator (b. 1721)
1815 Thomas Picton, British general (killed in battle) (b. 1758)
1835 William Cobbett, English journalist and author, dies at 72
1902 Samuel Butler, English author (Erewhom, Way of All Flesh), dies at 66
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Re: On this day

Post by macliam » Fri Jun 18 2021 12:54pm

Richard Frost wrote:
Fri Jun 18 2021 12:04pm
18th June 2021
v
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vOn this day in British History

1541 Irish parliament selects Henry VIII of England as King of Ireland
"selects" :eh:

A little simplification :roll:

Henry VIII declared the Kingdom of Ireland, which had not existed previously.

The "Irish Parliament", drawn from anglo-normans and subservient to the English one, after the adoption in 1494 of "Poynings' Law", rubber stamped the accession of Henry to the throne of what still was a separate country.
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On this day

Post by Richard Frost » Sat Jun 19 2021 10:30am

19th June 2021

International Day for the Elimination of Sexual Violence in Conflict
International Day for the Elimination of Sexual Violence in Conflict is a United Nations observance on June 19 to raise awareness of the need to put an end to conflict-related sexual violence. The resolution was adopted by the UN General Assembly on June 19, 2015. The date marks the Security Council resolution 1820 (2008), where sexual violence as a tactic of war was condemned.

Conflict-Related Sexual Violence
The UN defines conflict-related sexual violence as a term that "(...) refers to rape, sexual slavery, forced prostitution, forced pregnancy, forced abortion, enforced sterilization, forced marriage, and any other form of sexual violence of comparable gravity perpetrated against women, men, girls or boys that is directly or indirectly linked (temporally, geographically or causally) to a conflict".

Martini Day
Whether you enjoy your Martini shaken, not stirred, like James Bond, with an olive or as part of a more extravagant cocktail, this day celebrates all things Martini, and is an ideal opportunity to research and try out different cocktail recipes you might not have sampled before. Martini has been enjoyed as an alcoholic gin and vermouth cocktail for many decades and is now one of the most famous cocktails in the world. It can be served in a variety of ways, such as with ice (on the rocks), garnished with an olive, or with a twist of lemon.

The first known recipe in print for a cocktail called the “Martinez” appeared in an 1887 bartending manual published in San Francisco. Historians, however, can’t seem to agree on whether the drink actually originally originated on the West Coast or whether they just jumped on it. In 1911, a bartender named Martini di Arma di Taggia from New York City started serving a rather fancy cocktail made with gin, vermouth, orange bitters and a garnish of olives, heralding the birth of the infamous Martini as we know of it. Since then, the socialites of Manhatten have become synonymous with the boozy beverage.

The Martini has always been served in a unique glass – the Martini glass (original, huh?). It is one of the most iconic glasses on the planet, conjuring up images of upper-class Manhatten ladies in dark, smoky bars, seductively sipping from a glass with a long, thin stem and a conical top. The glass wasn’t unique – its lookalike sister is the cocktail glass, and they are often confused for one another. It is not hard to see why – the cocktail glass is a little smaller, a little more rounded, and has a slightly narrower rim. While they are both lush to look at, the reasons behind the design are more practical. The long stem and separated bowl mean that the cocktail is not warmed up too much by the hands of the drinker as there is no ice, meaning the drink stays chilled for longer. Let’s face it; no one likes a lukewarm martini!

Juggling Day
Swirling and looping, rising and falling, the juggler’s tools fly through the air with an elegance surprising in pins and rings, knives, and hatchets. Juggling Day recognizes the fantastic feats of dexterity and skill required by their demanding art form. The types of things you can juggle and the styles of juggling are truly far and wide, and some of the most demanding don’t even require that they leave your hands. If you’ve ever been amazed by the seeming magic worked by a juggler’s hands, then Juggling Day is your opportunity to show them some recognition.

Garfield The Cat Day
Garfield The Cat Day is celebrated annually on 19th June. The day is set aside to honour all things related to the ginger feline. Garfield is a famous, fun loving, fictional cat from the famous comic strip Garfield which was created by writer Jim Davies. The character was named after Jim Davis’ grandfather, John Arbuckle and his lovable pet dog Odie. In the comic strip, a beagle named Odie makes a regular appearance as Garfield’s co-character. Apparently Odie was originally owned by John’s roommate before John decided to adopt the cute canine as his own.

Juneteenth
Juneteenth sounds like a playful day doesn’t it? Such a simple, light hearted term that really sounds like a made-up holiday of little consequence. You couldn’t be more wrong, Juneteenth is one of the most important days in the history of the United States, representing the day that the last slaves in the country were set free. All over the country people celebrate the day that freedom took another step forward in the new world, and one more crime against humanity was cancelled and set to rights.

Surf Day
Surfers are known for their unique slang, such as, for instance, “a young grommet out there getting a floater along the crest and almost getting caught inside.” These traditional beach bums have a love for the ocean and the sport itself, putting themselves in a highly dangerous situation to get that perfect wave. This closeness to the sea has inspired many and Surf Day promotes this connection to the waves and the protection of the sea itself.

A selection of Birthdays

1566 James Stuart, James VI of Scotland (1567-1625) and James I of England and Ireland (1603-25), born Edinburgh,(d. 1625)
1606 James Hamilton, 1st Duke of Hamilton, Scottish statesman, born in Hamilton Palace, Lanarkshire, Scotland (d. 1649)
1608 Thomas Fuller, British scholar, preacher and historian (History of the Worthies of Britain), born in Aldwincle, Northamptonshire (d. 1661)
1782 John Bray, English-born American actor and composer (The Indian Princess) (d. 1822)
1783 Thomas Sully, American portrait painter (Queen Victoria), b. Horncastle, Lincolnshire, (d. 1872)
1790 John Gibson, British sculptor, born in Conwy, Wales (d. 1866)
1815 John William Glover, Irish composer, born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1899)
1834 Charles Spurgeon, English preacher and evangelist, born in Kelvedon, Essex,(d. 1892)
1851 Billy Midwinter, English-Australian cricket all-rounder (8 Tests Australia, 4 England), born in St Briavels, Gloucestershire, (d. 1890)
1858 George Alexander [Samson], Actor, theatre producer/manager, b. Reading, Berkshire (d. 1918)
1861 Douglas Haig, British field marshal (Sudan, WWI), nicknamed "Butcher Haig" due to mass casualties under his command during the Battle of the Somme, born in Charlotte Square, Edinburgh (d. 1928)
1865 May Whitty, British actress (Mrs Miniver, Suspicion), born in Liverpool, (d. 1948)
1896 Wallis Simpson [Duchess of Windsor], American divorcee whom British King Edward VIII abdicated his throne to marry, born in Blue Ridge Summit, Pennsylvania (d. 1986)
1903 Wally Hammond, England cricket batsman (7,249 Test runs @ 58.45), born in Dover, (d.1965)
1906 Ernst Chain, German-British chemist and bacteriologist (Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, 1945 - for his work on penicillin), born in Berlin, German Empire (d. 1979)
1914 Harry Lauter, American actor (Escape from the Planet of the Apes, Waterfront), born in White Plains, New York (d. 1990)
1925 Charlie Drake [Charles Springall], English comedian (Plank, Rhubarb Rhubarb, Splish Splash), born in London, (d. 2006)
1928 Barry Took, English comedy writer (d. 2002)
1929 Thelma Barlow [Pigott], British actress (Mavis on Coronation Street, Dinner ladies), born in Middlesbrough
1930 Bryan Kneale, British sculptor
1940 Paul Shane, Comedian & actor, born Thrybergh, West Riding of Yorkshire, England (d. 2013)
1945 Aung San Suu Kyi, Burmese politician, leader of the National League for Democracy and human rights activist (1991 Nobel Peace Prize), born in Rangoon, British Burma
1945 Peter Bardens, English musician (Camel), born in London (d. 2002)
1947 Salman Rushdie, British-Indian novelist (Midnight's Children, Satanic Verses), born in Mumbai, India
1948 Nick Drake, English singer-songwriter (Back to Fruit Tree), born in Rangoon, Burma (d. 1974)
1954 Kathleen Turner, American actress (Accidental Tourist, Jewel of Nile), born in Springfield, Missouri
1954 "Taz" Tasmanian Devil, Warner Bros. cartoon character created by Robert McKimson and Warren Foster, (Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies series), first debuts in "Devil May Hare"
1960 Luke Morley, British rock guitarist (Thunder), born in Camberwell, London
1962 Jeremy Bates, English tennis player
1963 Rory Underwood, English rugby union footballer
1964 Boris Johnson, British Conservative politician, (Prime Minister, 2019-present; Mayor of London, 2008-2016), born in NYC, New York
1965 Sadie Frost, English actress
1975 Hugh Dancy, English actor
1976 Bryan Hughes, English footballer
1978 Garfield the Cat, animated character "Big fat hairy deal"
1979 John Duddy, Northern Irish boxer
1983 Mark Selby, British snooker player (world champion 2014, 16-17), born in Leiceste
1993 KSI [Olajide Olatunji] British YouTuber, comedian and rapper, born in London

On this day in British History

1502 Emperor Maximilian I and England sign treaty of Antwerp
1586 English colonists sailed from Roanoke Island, North Carolina
1754 Albany Congress held by seven British colonies & Iroquois indians
1829 Sir Robert Peel introduces the Metropolitan Police Act 1829 into Parliament to establish a unified police force for London
1917 The British Royal Family, which has had strong German ties since George I, renounces its German names and titles and adopts the name of Windsor
1921 Census held in Great Britain
1970 Conservatives led by Edward Heath win British parliamentary election

Northern Ireland

1972 A Catholic civilian is shot dead by the Provisional Irish Republican Army in the Cracked Cup Social Club, Belfast
1972 Secretary of State for Northern Ireland William Whitelaw concedes 'special category' status, or 'political status' for paramilitary prisoners in Northern Ireland

Scotland
1306-06-19 The Earl of Pembroke's army defeats Robert the Bruce's Scottish army at the Battle of Methven

Weddings in History

1999 Earl of Wessex Prince Edward (35) Sophie Rhys-Jones (34) St. George's Chapel Windsor Castle

Deaths in History

1820 Joseph Banks, English natural historian (Cook/Australia), dies
1840 John Cockerill, English-Belgian industrialist (founded iron, steel, and manufacturing company - John Cockerill & Company), dies at 50
1902 John Dalberg baron van Acton, English historian “Power tends to corrupt, and absolute power corrupts absolutely”, dies at 69
1937 J. M. [James Matthew] Barrie, Scottish novelist and playwright (Peter Pan), dies at 77
1993 William Golding, English author (Lord of the Flies, Nobel Prize for Literature 1983), dies at 81
2010 Anthony Quinton, British philosopher (b. 1925)
2010 Angela Rumbold, British politician (C), dies at 78
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On this day

Post by Richard Frost » Sun Jun 20 2021 10:53am

20th June 2021

Fathers Day
Father's Day is a holiday celebrating fatherhood and paternal bonds, as well as the influence of fathers in society. In Catholic countries of Europe, it has been celebrated on 19 March as Saint Joseph's Day since the Middle Ages. In the United States, Father's Day was founded by Sonora Smart Dodd, and celebrated on the third Sunday of June for the first time in 1910. The day is held on various dates across the world and different regions maintain their own traditions honouring fatherhood.

World Refugee Day
World Refugee Day is an international day designated by the United Nations to honour refugees around the globe. It falls each year on June 20 and celebrates the strength and courage of people who have been forced to flee their home country to escape conflict or persecution.

PENTECOST Christian (Orthodox Churches)
An important festival in the Christian year, Pentecost is often seen as the ‘birthday’ of the Church, since this is when the disciples of Jesus first proclaimed the Gospel after receiving the gift of the Holy Spirit. It is named after the Jewish festival day on which this event happened.

Ice Cream Soda Day
Ice Cream Soda Day is celebrated annually on June 20th. This day is loved and celebrated by many people across the globe, where they enjoy this popular drink. Since this drink has become an increasingly popular refreshment for everyone it has sometimes been referred to as a soda float.

World Productivity Day
Staying productive can be a serious challenge, especially when you’re in charge of overseeing the efficiency of an entire company. Staying productive requires you to focus on keeping things efficient, on stripping out waste and finding ways to streamline processes. It’s difficult to do this without the aid of products and services that help to keep you on track and moving smoothly, World Productivity Day encourages you to remember those who make it possible.

BoxKart Bash Day
BoxKart Bash Day is a global celebration of the bonkers world of creating and designing non-motorized vehicles to career down hills, navigate courses and send engrossed crowds into raptures. A crazy, fun-packed commemoration of rustic racing at its finest, teams compete in a dash to the line all in the aid of charity and personal pride. Now celebrated the world over, BoxKart Bash Day is an ideal excuse to get together with creative chums, hone those DIY and mechanic skills and create a vehicular monster capable of leaving rivals in its wake.

For most, it’s a bit of fun, but make no mistake, the leading contenders want to win at all costs. For those who have always wondered if they have what it takes to negotiate chicanes at high speed without the opportunity to pursue a career in Formula 1, this could be the ideal chance to set the pulses racing and support a good cause to boot. BoxKart Bash Day has evolved from early Soap Box racing in the US. The first Soap Box Derby, which was held in Dayton in 1934, was won by 11-year-old Bob Turner from Muncie, Indiana. Clearly possessing a talent for both design and driving, Turner, who built his wagon using wood from the bar of a local saloon, was heavily involved in the sport for decades after his first victory. BoxKart racing soon became an increasingly popular pursuit and is now celebrated in many countries, including the UK.

In the UK, one annual event hosted in Burghfield draws crowds of thousands, which watch in awe as carts come hurtling along the downhill course and carnage inevitably ensues.

Kouign Amann Day
Every year and on the 20th June, it’s National Kouign Amann Day. But what exactly is a Kouign Amann, we hear you ask?

A Kouign Amann is a kind of cake, made with lots and lots of butter. In fact, the recipe calls for so much butter that the dough is puffed up by its cooking and leaves it looking like a pastry. Depending on where you buy it from, you might find that your Kouign Amann is a super flaky, bite-size treat or a full loaf of buttery deliciousness. A sweet treat perhaps not so well known outside of its birthplace region of France, this day aims to get the word out there about what the rest of the world is missing. This crusty circular cake hails from the Brittany region of France. It was originally made with bread dough, and created with a mixture of layers of butter folded in. This technique will be familiar with pastry bakers, as the way to make a Kouign Amann is very similar to how puff pastry is made.

The resultant cake is baked slowly, so that the butter can successfully puff up the dough and create a layered pastry-style cake. The sugar used caramelizes, leaving a crusty sweet glaze.If you tried one, you might be reminded of a croissant – albeit a much more buttery, sugary one! The name Kouign Amann comes from the Breton words for butter and for cake – ‘amann’ and ‘kouign’ respectively. So you know you’re in for a buttery treat here!

A selection of Birthdays

1389 John Plantagenet, 1st Duke of Bedford, English prince, general (Hundred Years’ War) and statesman, born in Kenilworth, England (d. 1435)
1642 George Hickes, English linguist (Old German Philology), born Newsham, Thirsk, (d. 1715)
1674 Nicholas Rowe, English poet and playwright (Tamerlane), Poet Laureate (1715-18), born in Little Barford, Bedfordshire (d. 1718)
1723 Adam Ferguson, Scottish sociologist and historian, born in Logierait, Perthshire, (d. 1816)
1723 Theophilus Lindsey, English theologian and clergyman, born in Middlewich, Cheshire (d. 1808)
1743 Anna Laetitia Barbauld, English poet and writer of hymns (Life! I Know Not What Thou Art), born in Kibworth Harcourt, Leicestershire, (d. 1825)
1763 Wolfe Tone, Irish nationalist & revolutionary who sought French assistance in achieving independence for Ireland. Notably he was a Protestant, & sought religious unity in achieving this aim which had long been thwarted by tensions between Catholic & Protestant factions. b. Dublin, (d. 1798)
1824 George Edmund Street, English architect, born in Woodford, London (d. 1881)
1861 Frederick Gowland Hopkins, British biochemist (Nobel Prize 1929), born Eastbourne, (d. 1947)
1887 Kurt Schwitters, German-British dada-artist and poet (collages), born in Hanover (d. 1948)
1909 Errol Flynn, Australian actor (Captain Blood/Robin Hood), b. Hobart, Tasmania, Australia (d.1959)
1909 Joan Harrison, English screenwriter and producer who often worked with Alfred Hitchcock (Rebecca, They Won't Believe Me), born in Guildford, England (d. 1994)
1912 Anthony Buckeridge, English author (Jennings), born in London (d. 2004)
1915 Terence Young, British film director (Dr No, Thunderball), born in Shanghai, China (d. 1994)
1916 Johnny Morris, British broadcaster and actor (Once in a Lifetime), born in Newport, Wales (d. 1999)
1916 William Balchin, English geographer, born in Aldershot, England (d. 2007)
1929 Ronald Hines, Actor (Not in Front of the Children, Pack of Lies), born in London, (d. 2017)
1933 Claire Tomalin, English biographer and editor, born in London,
1933 Peter T. Kirstein, British computer scientist 'European father of the internet' (Internet Protocol,), born in Berlin, (d. 2020)
1934 Wendy Craig, English actress (Butterflies), born in Sacriston, England
1939 Budge Rogers, British rugby player
1940 John Mahoney, British-born American actor (Fraiser/Frantic/Men Out), b. Manchester, (d. 2018)
1944 David Roper, Actor, born in Bradford, best known for his roles on The Cuckoo Waltz and Leave It to Charlie. Later, he played Geoff Barnes on EastEnders (1994–95). Other credits. Aces High (1976). Stanley's Dragon 1994 film, role - Inspector Walsh; Downtime 1997 film – Detective
1946 Birgitte Eva Henriksen, Duchess of Gloucester, born in Odense, Denmark
1947 David French, British director (Deep Sleep, Bingo)
1948 Alan Longmuir, Scottish pop-rock musician (Bay City Rollers), born in Edinburgh, (d. 2018)
1949 Bob Andrews, Rock keyboardist and producer (Brinsley Schwarz; The Rumour), born Leeds,
1949 Lionel Richie, American singer (Commodores, Hello, Penny Lover), born in Tuskegee, Alabama
1951 Paul Muldoon, Northern Irish poet
1956 Peter Reid, English former footballer
1958 Kelly Johnson [Bernadette], Edmonton, London, guitarist (Girlschool), (d. 2007)
1960 John Taylor, English musician (Duran Duran), born in Solihull,
1978 Frank Lampard, English footballer
1979 Charlotte Hatherley, English guitarist (Ash)
1988 Shefali Chowdhury, Welsh actress (Harry Potter films), born in Denbigh, Wales

ON this day in British History

1632 Britain grants 2nd Lord Baltimore rights to Chesapeake Bay area
1675 Abenaki, Massachusetts, Mohegan and Wampanoag Native Americans form anti-English front under Metacom
1756 Black Hole of Calcutta: 146 British soldiers, Anglo-Indian soldiers and Indian civilians are imprisoned in a small dungeon in Calcutta, India where most die from suffocation and heat exhaustion
1756 Siraj ud-Daulah Nawab of Bengal takes Calcutta from the British
1826 Siam and Britain sign trade and peace treaty
1837 Queen Victoria at 18 ascends British throne following death of uncle King William IV. She rules for 63 years till 1901
1921 At the Imperial Conference in London, V.S. Srinivasa Sastri puts forward a case for the granting of full citizenship rights to Indians in South Africa and other British colonies
1958 NZ all out 47 v England at Lord's, Laker 4-13, Lock 5-17
1966 Aviator Sheila Scott completes 1st round-the-world solo flight by a woman
1970 British government of Edward Heath forms (with Margaret Thatcher in the Cabinet)

Northern Ireland
1968 Austin Currie, then Nationalist Member of Parliament (MP) at Stormont, and other Irish civil rights activists, protest discrimination in the allocation of housing by 'squatting' (illegally occupying) in a house in Caledon, County Tyrone, Northern Ireland
1972 Secret Meeting Between IRA and British Officials held

Deaths in History

1776 Benjamin Huntsman, English inventor and manufacturer, dies at 72
1837 William IV, King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland (1830-37), dies at 71
1906 John Clayton Adams, British landscape artist (b. 1840)
1994 Louis Benjamin, British showman, dies at 71
2010 Harry Blackmore Whittington, British palaeontologist (b. 1916)
2015 Nazar Singh, British great-grandfather, believed to be Europe's oldest man, dies at 111
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On this day

Post by Richard Frost » Mon Jun 21 2021 10:31am

21st June 2021

International Day of Yoga
Recognizing its universal appeal, on 11 December 2014, the United Nations proclaimed 21 June as the International Day of Yoga by resolution 69/131. The International Day of Yoga aims to raise awareness worldwide of the many benefits of practicing yoga.

International Day of the Celebration of the Solstice
International Day of the Celebration of the Solstice was proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly on June 20th of 2019. The observance brings awareness to the importance that solstices and equinoxes have for many religions. These days have special meanings for Jews, Muslims, Christians, Indigenous and to most religions.

MIDSUMMER SOLSTICE/ LITHA Wiccan / Pagan
SUMMER SOLSTICE (Alban Heruin or Alban Hefin) Druid

The summer solstice is the festival of Midsummer, sometimes called Litha. The light of the sun is at the height of its power. It is a time of plenty and celebration.

WORLD HUMANIST DAY National
This Humanist holiday is celebrated annually around the world on the June solstice. It is seen as a time for Humanists to gather socially to promote the positive values of Humanism. Methods of celebration are left to individuals, but some groups develop intricate social rituals, music, and proceedings which highlight the celebration.

MIDSUMMER DAY National
One of the four Quarter Days in the UK legal calendar.

World Music Day
There’s nothing in the world like the sound of your favourite song coming on, it just gets right into your head and your body and makes you move. Or maybe it takes you on a journey to a faraway place and time, where you languish in a memory of times gone by and people who are no longer present. Some of our favourite songs can lift us up out of depression and worry, and make an otherwise horrible day suddenly seem like it’s not so bad. World Music Day celebrates music in all its forms and the impact it’s had on the world and the human spirit.

World Motorcycle Day
Motorcycles have a surprisingly long history, with the first one being created in 1860 by one Pierre Michaux in Paris. This early motorcycle was steam-powered and was one of a few varieties that would spring up in the ensuing decades. 1885 would see the invention of the first internal combustion powered motorcycle, and from there on out things would explode as this popular form of conveyance entered the public consciousness. Today motorcycles are used for an increasing number of applications, including delivery driving, passenger conveyance, recreation, and even just daily commuting. This is due, in no small part, to the incredible gas mileage these vehicles get, and how compact and easy they are to store even if you live in an apartment. Whether you’re using your motorcycle to get around from day to day, or are an enthusiast or hobbyist who goes on long rides as part of your yearly vacation, World Motorcycle Day is for you.

Selfie Day
You know what’s really annoying? People who take selfies all day. They always have these amazing profile pics and look utterly fantastic. It’s like they took thousands of images to get just the right one and it’s so frustrating!We admit it, we’re jealous we’re not able to take such a perfect selfie, ours always come out looking like they were taken by a pigeon landing on a discarded camera. That’s ok though! On Selfie Day you can take the time to take a thousand photos to get just the right one, and not feel ashamed!

Indigenous Peoples Day
The culture, language and social systems of the original inhabitants of our world have had a significant impact on how we live our lives today. Indigenous Peoples Day is all about focusing on the contribution that these groups have made to our societies and helping people to learn about their heritage and culture. By celebrating this day, we can help keep Indigenous languages, traditions and culture alive for future generations.

A selection of Birthdays

1706 John Dollond, Optician and owner of 1st patent for achromatic lens, born London, (d. 1761)
1825 William Stubbs, Historian & Anglican bishop of Oxford, born Knaresborough, (d. 1901)
1865 Herbert Brewer, English composer, born Gloucester, (d. 1928)
1866 Lena Rice, Irish tennis player (Wimbledon 1890), born in Marlhill, Ireland (d. 1907)
1868 Edwin Stephen Goodrich, Zoologist, born Weston-super-Mare, Somerset (d. 1946)
1873 H. M. Tomlinson, British writer (Sea & Jungle), born in London (d. 1958)
1884 Sir Gordon Lowe, Tennis player, MP (Australasian C'ship 1915), born Edgbaston, (d. 1972)
1894 Milward Kennedy, British public servant and mystery writer (d. 1968)
1905 Jean-Paul Sartre, French existentialist philosopher and writer (Le Mur, Nobel 1964; declined), born in Paris (d. 1980)
1918 James Bysse Joll, British historian, born in Bristol, (d. 1994)
1921 Jean Kent [Joan Summerfield], British actress (Caravan, Bond Street), born London, (d. 2013)
1922 Jim McConnon, Cricketer (England off-spinner against Pakistan 1954) born. Burnopfield, Co. Durham (d. 2003)
1930 Patricia Lindop, British radiobiologist and physician, born in Brentford, Middlesex (d. 2018)
1932 Bernard Ingham, British journalist and press secretary for Margaret Thatcher, born in Hebden Bridge, West Yorkshire.
1937 John Edrich, English cricketer (England left-handed batsman, 310* v NZ 1965), born in Blofield, Norfolk,
1940 Michael Ruse, British-Canadian philosopher of science (the relationship between science and religion, the creation–evolution controversy), born in Birmingham, England
1944 Jon Hiseman, British drummer (Arthur Brown; Colosseum), born in London, England (d. 2018)
1944 Ray Davies, British singer-songwriter and guitarist (The Kinks - "Waterloo Sunset"; "Lola"; ""Celluloid Heroes"; "Come Dancing"), born in Muswell Hill, North London,
1944 Tony Scott, English film director and producer (Top Gun, Revenge, Days of Thunder), born in Northumberland, (d. 2012)
1946 Malcolm Rifkind, British QC MP (Sect of State for Defence), born in Edinburgh,
1946 Maurice Saatchi, English-Iraqi advertising CEO (Saatchi & Saatchi), born in Baghdad, Iraq
1947 Joey Molland, British rock guitarist (Badfinger - "Come And Get It"; "Day After Day"), born in Liverpool,
1948 Ian McEwan, English writer (Atonement), born in Aldershot,
1952 Judith Bingham, British mezzo-soprano, and contemporary classical composer, born in Nottingham,
1954 Anne Kirkbride, English actress (Deidre-Coronation Street), born in Oldham, Lancashire, (d. 2015)
1957 Mark Brzezicki, British rock drummer (Big Country - "Wonderland"; "In A Big Country"), born in Slough, Berkshire
1964 Sammi Davis-Voss, English actress (Hope & Glory), born in Kidderminster
1964 David Morrissey, British actor (State of Play, The Walking Dead), born in Liverpool,
1968 Sonique [Sonia Marina Clarke], British musician and DJ, born in London
1982 Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, son of Prince Charles & Lady Diana, born in London
1983 Edward Snowden, American NSA contractor who leaked classified information, born in Elizabeth City, North Carolina

On this day in British History

1529 Queen Catherine Of England [Catherine of Aragon] speaks against her marriage's annulment at the Blackfriars Legatine Court
1667 Dutch Admiral Michiel de Ruyter occupies Sheerness, England
1684 King Charles II revokes Massachusetts Bay Colony charter
1887 Britain celebrates golden jubilee of Queen Victoria
1895 British Earl of Rosebery's Liberal Party government falls
1915 Anti-British revolt in South Africa ends with arrest of General De Law
1919 The German Navy, feeling betrayed by the terms of the Versailles Treaty, scuttles most of its ships interned at Great Britain's Scapa Flow Naval base in the Orkney Islands
1921 The UK, the Dominions, and India, become the British Commonwealth of Nations
1940 The first successful west-to-east navigation of Northwest Passage begins at Vancouver, British Columbia
1942 US President Franklin D. Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill arrive in Washington, D.C.
1948 Lord Mountbatten resigns as Governor General of India (formerly the last Viceroy)
1993 English mathematician Andrew Wiles proves last theorem of Fermat
2003 "Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix" the 5th book of the series by J. K. Rowling is published worldwide in English
2019 UK police called to house of leader contender Boris Johnson over alleged altercation with his girlfriend

Northern Ireland

1978 The British Army shoots dead 3 Provisional Irish Republican Army volunteers and a passing Ulster Volunteer Force member at a postal depot on Ballysillan Road, Belfast; it is claimed that the PIRA volunteers were about to launch a bomb attack

Scotland

2000 Section 28 (outlawing the 'promotion' of homosexuality in the United Kingdom) is repealed in Scotland with a 99 to 17 vote

Deaths in History

1377 Edward III, King of England (1327-77) noted for his military success and for restoring royal authority, dies at 64
1529 John Skelton, English poet, dies at about 69
1631 John Smith, English explorer (Chesapeake Bay, New England) and leader of the Virginia Colony (Jamestown), dies at 51
1652 Inigo Jones, English architect (Queen House, Covent Garden), dies at 78
1738 Charles Townshend, 2nd Viscount Townshend, English statesman (b. 1674)
1948 D'Arcy Wentworth Thompson, Scottish zoologist and classicist (On Growth & Form), dies at 88
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On this day

Post by Richard Frost » Tue Jun 22 2021 10:30am

22nd June 2021

World Rainforest Day
The rainforests are keeping our planet alive. They’re home to half the world’s animal species, they provide us with freshwater, and are essential for keeping our climate stable. Yet every second, one and a half hectares is lost, while each year, 78 million hectares of precious rainforest are destroyed. That’s why World Rainforest Day has been created to take decisive action to combat deforestation, reduce the effects of climate change, and protect our rainforests for future generations. World Rainforest Day was first created in 2017 by the Rainforest Partnership. They work with Indigenous Peoples living in rainforest environments and launch projects to help restore and regenerate healthy rainforests with local communities. The day is about raising awareness of the importance of the rainforest and what it does for us. The Rainforest Partnership itself has many community-based projects in the Amazon, but the day itself is backed up by the involvement of over 70 global partners, from environmental advocates to media outlets, all striving for positive and affirmative action that preserves the rainforest. The tagline for the event is “Because the World Can’t Wait”, a powerful statement and call to action for people worldwide.

Onion Rings Day
They’re rich and crisp and delicious, surprisingly sweet for a flavour so often related to being spicy and the source of tears. But something about the process of breading them in a flavourful coating and deep-frying them in a vat of oil brings out the delicious flavours hidden inside. They come in towers and flowers, giant-sized and tiny, and they’re a favourite at burger joints all over the world. That’s right, we’re talking about the onion rings, and Onion Rings Day celebrates this delicious treat and its long history.

B Kinder Day
Kindness may seem like a dying art in today’s world. However, if you’re looking for a meaningful way to bring kindness into the world, then B Kinder Day is a day to do it. B Kinder Day is all about being kind to others in honour of a young girl who cared about her community and those around her.

B Kinder Day was inspired by Billie Kinder, a 12-year-old girl who was always happy, cheerful, and kind. Billie was a student in Year 6 at Arndell Anglican College in Oakville, NSW, Australia and had just been awarded a high school scholarship by the same school. They were well-known in the community for their caring, loving, and compassion nature toward those around them. However, a tragedy occurred when Billie died in a horse-riding accident. Her mother, Danny Mayson-Kinder, decided that in honour of her daughter, she would create B Kinder Day to empower children to make a difference in the world. During this day, children in schools discuss the meaning of kindness, create “Fly High Billie” greeting cards, and deliver those cards to local nursing homes personally. Children on this day also plant flowers throughout their communities and take parts in secret acts of kindness for the people they love. B Kinder Day emphasizes the message of hope, empathy, and change in the world. The purpose of B Kinder Day is to show the rippling effects of kindness. It was created hoping that schools all over the world would participate in the event.

Positive Media Day

Positive Media Day has been created to change the perspective and status quo of every-day media consumption. With a passion to disperse the overriding negative media that overshadows the great positive impact people are making on the world every single day. With a drive to make all news and media outlets a beacon of inspiration, positivity, and joy for one day, Positive Media Day! With a belief that the world is being ill-represented by the news and shared media.

There is too much hatred, fear, and attacking that goes on every day. If this negativity continues, people will believe that this is how our world is and will always be. The moment we begin perpetuating that negative behaviour is the moment we begin to lose as a society. Positive Media Day is the day to be inspired and uplifted throughout your news feeds and the mainstream media. There is too much good happening and not enough recognition for that good. If we can propel positivity into mainstream media, just for one day, we can change the status quo and begin to shift our global sentiment.

Let’s not surrender ourselves to how things are, let’s create the world we want to live in. One day of overwhelming positivity and inspiration is the jump start we need. Share and follow to help us make the world a more positive place. With most positivity in the media, Positive Media Day believes that people will be happier, more willing to help others and be excited for the future when they have more exposure to the news that leaves one happy, moved, and inspired. There is a lot of amazing news out there, and we just want more people to see it!

If you are a person who uses social media we ask that you only share news stories or media that leaves people happy, moved, and or inspired and only re-post stories and re-tweet stories of the same content. If you are a media outlet we ask that you make as much as your content as positive as possible, and if the content doesn’t leave people happy, touched, and or inspired, then following up the story with what is being done to fix or better the world relating to the story.

Chocolate Éclair Day

The very word strikes our taste buds like lightning and fills our minds with images of rich cream, light dough, and a creamy topping that just whisks us away to old Paris. Chocolate Éclair Day celebrates one of the most decadent of treats to come out of the confectioners trade since time out of mind. While there are as many varieties of éclair as there are confectioners to create new delicacies, but the one that is a strong stand by that leaves us all drooling is the Chocolate Éclair. If there was ever a day to recognize as a dessert lover it has to be Chocolate Éclair Day. Whether you’re a self confessed sweet tooth or like a behind the scenes sugary snack, there is always room for an Éclair!

A Selection of Birthdays

1680 Ebenezer Erskine, Scottish religious dissenter (d. 1754)
1704 John Taylor, English classical scholar (d. 1766)
1713 Lord John Philip Sackville, English cricketer (d. 1765)
1837 Paul Morphy, American chess player considered the greatest of his era (1857-61), born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 1884)
1856 Henry Rider Haggard, British author (King Solomon's Mines, She, Dawn), born in Bradenham, England (d. 1925)
1871 William McDougall, British psychologist and polymath (d. 1938)
1876 [Gwendolen] Gwen John, Welsh painter, born in Haverfordwest, Wales (d. 1939
1887 Julian S. Huxley, English biologist/philosopher, Darwin's Bulldog, born in London, (d. 1975)
1892 N. Howell Furman, American Chemist whose work on separating uranium contributed to the development of the atomic bomb
1897 Norbert Elias, English/Dutch philosopher (Process of Civilization)
1901 Naunton Wayne, Welsh actor (Quartet, Hidden Room, Double Confession), born in Llanwonno, Glamorganshire, (d. 1970)
1902 David Burns, American actor (Music Man, Hello Dolly!), born in NYC, New York (d. 1971)
1903 John Dillinger, Notorious American bank robber, born in Indianapolis, Indiana (d. 1934)
1905 Walter Leigh, British composer, born in Wimbledon, London, (d. 1942)
1906 Billy Wilder, Austrian-born American filmmaker (Some Like It Hot, Apartment, Stalag 17), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 2002)
1906 Richard Fanshawe, English equestrian 3 day eventing (Olympic bronze 1936)
1909 Michael "Mike" Todd [Avrom Goldbogen], American producer (Around the World in 80 Days) and 3rd husband of Elizabeth Taylor, born in Minneapolis, Minnesota (d. 1958)
1910 Peter Pears, English tenor (Death in Venice), born in Farnham, England (d. 1986)
1918 Richard Eastham, American actor (Battle for the Planet of the Apes, Falcon Crest), born in Opelousas, Louisiana (d. 2005)
1918 Cicely Saunders, English nurse, physician and writer who founded the first modern hospice, born in Barnet, London (d. 2005)
1920 Marea Hartman, Athletics administrator who integrated women's sports, born in London (d. 1994)
1932 Prunella Scales, Actress (Fawlty Towers, A Question of Attribution), born in Sutton Abinger, Surrey
1937 Christopher Percy Gordon Blackwell, English businessman and record producer (Island Records), born Westminster, London
1939 Bobby Harrison, English rock drummer (Procol Harum-Conquistador)
1940 Esther Rantzen, British TV presenter (That's Life), born in Berkhamsted,
1944 Peter Asher, English singer (Peter & Gordon-World Without Love), born in London
1946 Andrew Rubin, actor (Police Academy) [or Jan 22], born in New Bedford, Massachusetts
1949 Alan Osmond, singer (Osmond Brothers, Donnie & Marie), born in Ogden, Utah
1949 Meryl Streep, American actress (French Lieutenant's Woman, Sophie's Choice), born in Summit, New Jersey
1957 Danny Baker, English writer and radio DJ, born in Deptford, London
1958 Ruby Turner, Jamacaian-British rock singer (No Where to Run), born in Montego Bay, Jamaica
1961 Jimmy Somerville, Scottish rock guitarist, and singer-songwriter (Bronski Beat; Communards), born in Glasgow
1961 Stephen Batchelor, British Olympic hockey player, born in Beare Green, Surrey
1964 Mike Edwards, British rock vocalist (Jesus Jones-Devil you Know)
1964 Dan Brown, American author of thriller fiction (The Da Vinci Code), born in Exeter, New Hampshire
1976 Gordon Moakes, English musician (Bloc Party)
1978 Dan Wheldon, British race car driver
1981 Chris Urbanowicz, guitarist of British rock band Editors
1987 Joe Dempsie, English actor (Game of Thrones), born in Liverpool
1988 Kieran Lee, English football player

On This day in British History

1377 Richard II succeeds Edward III as king of England
1535 Cardinal John Fisher is beheaded on Tower Hill, London, for refusing to acknowledge Henry VIII as head of the Church of England
1611 Henry Hudson set adrift in Hudson Bay by mutineers on his ship Discovery and never seen again
1675 Royal Greenwich Observatory established in England by Charles II
1772 Somerset v Stewart court case finds slavery unsupported by English common law, encouraging the abolitionist movement
1774 British parliament accepts Quebec Act, which extends the province's territory and restores French civil law
1799 Britain and Russia decide to invade Batavian Republic
1807 British board USS Chesapeake, a provocation leading to War of 1812
1812 Upon learning of plans by the Americans to execute a surprise attack, Laura Secord walks 32 km to warn British troops, results in a British surprise victory at the Battle of Beaver Dams
1825 British Parliament abolishes feudalism and the seigneurial system in British North America
1893 British fleet under Vice Admiral George Tryon leaves Beirut
1900 In China, practically the whole foreign community in Peking, including many Chinese Christians, retreat to British compounds
1911 King George V crowned King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Canada, Australia, South Africa, New Zealand, and all his realms and territories beyond the sea
1939 Princess and future Queen Elizabeth meets future husband Prince Philip of Greece (Midshipman Mountbatten, RN)
1942 Jewish Brigade attached by British Army in WW II, forms
1943 617 Squadron (Dambusters) attends investiture at Buckingham Palace, Commanding Officer Guy Gibson awarded the Victoria Cross
1944 British 14th Army frees Imphal, Assam from the Japanese
1982 Prince Charles and Princess Diana take new-born son Prince William home from hospital
1984 Richard Branson's Virgin Atlantic Airways commences operations with flight from Gatwick to Newark
2017 Prince Harry claims no one in UK royal family wants to be King or Queen in article published in Newsweek

Northern Ireland

1969 The Derry Housing Action Committee (DHAC) stage a protest by blocking the Lecky Road in the Bogside area of Derry, Northern Ireland
1970 Irish socialist, republican and Member of Parliament, Bernadette Devlin, loses her appeal against a 6-month prison sentence imposed for taking part in riots in Derry

Scotland

1679 Battle at Bothwell Bridge on Clyde: Duke of Monmouth beats Scot
1745 Bonnie Prince Charles sails to Scotland

Deaths in History

1535 John Fisher, English bishop (1504-35), cardinal (Saint John Fisher), beheaded at about 65
1632 James Whitelocke, English judge and politician (House of Common 1610-22), dies at 61
1699 Josiah Child, English Governor of the East India Company (b. 1630)
1714 Matthew Henry, English non-conformist minister (b. 1662)
1897 Ralph Abercromby, British meteorologist, dies at about 54
2003 John Stokes, British MP (C), dies at 85
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On this day

Post by Richard Frost » Wed Jun 23 2021 10:32am

23rd June 2021

United Nations Public Service Day
United Nations Public Service Day recognises the value and virtue of public service to the community. This day emphasizes the importance of public service in the advancement phase, recognises the work of public servants and inspires young people to undertake careers in the public sector.

International Widows’ Day
The Purpose of celebrating International Widows’ day is the acknowledgement of the United Nations (UN) that widows are invisible to policymakers. Policies focus upon common citizens, labourers, jobless youth, and other suffering segments of society however, nothing is specifically discussed about widows in policy-making meetings. Such an ignoring attitude means that issues of more than 258 million people remain unaddressed. Widows’ Day highlights the issues of this ignored community to make the world more sustainable.

Let It Go Day
Everyone has probably experienced those different sets of nagging regrets and grudges that tug at their souls for weeks, months or even years. It doesn’t even matter how much time has passed after the people, jobs or situations which once made them important ceased to be part of their life. It can still be so very hard to let go of these things. Sure, there may have been a time in life when it felt important to take every opportunity to demonstrate to that ex, former workmate or classmate how well things were going without them. But isn’t it finally time to move on and let go of all of those negative emotions that tend to drag everything down? That is exactly what Let It Go Day is all about! A national day when people all over the world can be intentional about taking the brave step to cast away all those hang-ups from a previous chapter in life and start fresh.

Women in Engineering Day
An international awareness campaign to raise the profile of women in engineering and focus attention on the amazing career opportunities available to women & girls in this exciting industry. It celebrates the outstanding achievements of women engineers throughout the world. The science of engineering has been responsible for a huge amount of development in the way that we live today. Leaps and bounds in the engineering field have given us the benefit of living easier lives, living in better homes, and using better means of transport – and that’s just to name a few developments.

Although even today, some may see engineering as being a male-dominated sector, Women in Engineering Day reminds us that actually, it’s far from it. In fact, this is a sector in which women are making some huge waves. So today is all about women taking part in some incredible achievements against all odds, and showing just what they can do.

Typewriter Day
There’s a sound we all know, even if we don’t quite recall it. It’s the mechanical clatter of a typewriter in action. It is reminiscent in the soulless tapping of keys on modern keyboards and recalled in the sounds of the elite of the keyboard world, the mechanical keyboard. But none of them quite reach the splendour and grandeur of a typewriter in action. Typewriter Day celebrates this humble device and the amazing pieces of literature it’s brought to us over the decades.

Typewriters were originally conceived of in 1575 by an Italian printmaker, though it never saw production (and to be fair it wasn’t QUITE a typewriter, but the vestiges were there). In 1714 we have patents in Britain from a Mr. Henry Mill that seems to be a typewriter from the design and was explicitly described as being intended for that purpose. It appears that at some point the device was actually made, though it never went into production and no examples of it exist today. Another example was designed in 1802 by Agostino Fantoni to help his blind sister writer, while Pietro Conti di Vilavegna invented yet another. But it wasn’t until 1895 that a model went into actual production with the Ford Typewriter. From there the world has never looked back, and typewriters started finding their way into private homes and places of business alike.

Some of the most important classics of the last 100 years have been produced on a typewriter, including the earliest examples of Stephen King’s work, Ernest Hemingway, name a professional writer who wrote a piece of any significance, and odds are high that they were written on a typewriter. Typewriter Day reminds us that while keyboards may be the key to modern literature, the world we live in was conceived on a typewriter.

A Selection of Birthdays

1456 Margaret of Denmark, wife of James III of Scotland (d. 1486)
1855 Maude Valérie White, French-born English composer, born near Dieppe, Normandy (d. 1937)
1858 William Ernst Johnson, British mathematician, born in Cambridge, England
1894 Edward VIII, King of the United Kingdom and the Dominions of the British Empire and Emperor of India (Jan 20th, 1936 until his abdication on Dec 11th, 1936), born in Richmond, (d. 1972)
1912 Alan Turing, British mathematician and computer scientist pioneer (Turing Machine), born in London (d. 1954)
1912 Maurice Dallimore, British actor (The Collector, Me and My Girl), born in Essex, (d. 1973)
1915 Dennis Price, Actor (Kind Hearts and Coronets, Separate Tables), born in Twyford, (d. 1973)
1916 Len Hutton, cricketer (England opener, 364 v Australia The Oval 1938)
1917 Peter Knight, Musical arranger, conductor & composer, born Exmouth, Devon, (d. 1985)
1925 Miriam Karlin, British actress (The Rag Trade), born in Hampstead, London (d. 2011)
1925 Oliver Smithies, British biochemist (2007 Noble Prize for gene targeting), born in Halifax (d. 2017)
1929 Dave King, British comedian (Kraft Music Hall), born in Twickenham
1940 Stuart Sutcliffe, Scottish rocker The original bassist for the Beatles, born Edinburgh, (d. 1962)
1940 Adam Faith, English singer and actor (d. 2003)
1947 Bryan Brown, actor (F/X, Gorillas in the Mist, Kim, Tai-Pan), born in Sydney, New South Wales
1948 Nigel Osborne, British composer, teacher and music therapist, born in Manchester
1950 Sally Geeson, actress (Bless This House), born in Sussex
orn in NYC, New York
1957 Lee John [John L Mcgregor], English singer/actor (Body Talk)
1963 Colin Montgomerie, Scottish golfer (Senior PGA C'ship 2014-15, US Senior Open 2014), b. Glasgow
1967 Helen Geake, British archaeologist, born in Wolverhampton
1976 Patrick Monahan, British comedian
1984 [Amie Ann] Duffy, Welsh Singer (Mercy), born in Gwynedd, Wales
1996 Charlie Jones, Actor, one of a few actors to play Phil Mitchell’s son in Eastenders & he was the longest serving of all of them. Charlie first graced fans with his presence in Albert Square back in 2006 after the “death” of his mum Kathy Beale, who later was found out to be alive.

On this day in British History

1532 Henry VIII of England & Francois I of France sign secret treaty against Emperor Charles V
1661 Marriage contract for Charles II of England and Catharina of Portugal
1675 Charles II establishes the Royal Observatory. The first stone would be laid in Greenwich six weeks later and the building was completed less than a year after that, at a cost of £520.
1683 English Philosopher and Founder of Pennsylvania William Penn signs friendship treaty with Lenni Lenape indians in Pennsylvania; only treaty "not sworn to, nor broken"
1713 The French residents of Acadia are given one year to declare allegiance to Britain or leave Nova Scotia, Canada
1758 Seven Years' War: Battle of Krefeld - British forces defeat French troops at Krefeld in Germany
1775 1st regatta held on river Thames, England
1900 British Governor Frederick Hodgson and some of his British supporters flee Fort Coomassie, Gold Coast, Africa, where they have been under siege since 6 April
1925 British warship fires on Hong Kong harbor strikers
1935 UK Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden offers Benito Mussolini a Somalian harbor
1951 Treacherous British diplomats Guy Burgess and Donald Maclean flee to USSR
1972 45 countries leave the Sterling Area, allowing their currencies to fluctuate independently of the British Pound
2016 Brexit referendum: United Kingdom votes to leave the European Union
2017 "Bridge Over Troubled Water" single organized by Simon Cowell for those affected by Grenfell tower fire reaches No. 1 in UK charts

Wales

1942 World War II: Germany's latest fighter, a Focke-Wulf FW190 is captured intact when it mistakenly lands at RAF Pembrey

Deaths in History

1686 William Coventry, English statesman
1707 John Mill, English theologian
1770 Mark Akenside, English poet and physician, dies at 48
1832 James Hall, Scottish geologist, dies at 70
1836 James Mill, Scottish philosopher and historian, dies at 63
1878 George Back, English sea officer and explorer (Back River), dies at 81
1893 Sir Theophilus Shepstone, British-born South African statesman (b. 1817)
Thanked by: blythburgh, Kelantan

Richard Frost
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On this day

Post by Richard Frost » Thu Jun 24 2021 11:20am

24th June 2021

Bomb Pop Day
It’s summer – the weather is hot and sticky, the sun is shining, and if there’s any excuse to cool down you’ve got to grab it with both hands! So why not treat yourself to an ice lolly. Today, choosing what ice lolly to chomp on shouldn’t be too hard – because the last Thursday of June is Bomb Pop Day! Super colourful, super cool and super tasty, this playground favourite gets its own day of observance every year for no reason other than it’s a frosty treat that so many people enjoy. So if you’re a converted fan, join in – and if not, today is the day for your first Bomb Pop!

Swim a Lap Day
Take a lap! Around the pool that is, Swim a Lap Day is a day to get your snorkel and goggles on and patronize your local swimming pool. Swimming is a great way of getting exercise, especially for those who have health problems that make traditional exercise difficult due to weakness or difficulty moving. Swimming has been an activity humans have indulged in at least as far back as 7,000 years ago, a time from which depictions of this activity can be seen in stone age paintings.

Fairy Day
Whether you see them as small winged tenders of the deep natural places of the earth, or as tall stately figures with fair skin and hair, there’s one thing for certain. The world has been absolutely captured by the Fairy Craze. These creatures appear on everything from mugs to t-shirts and have been the subject of children’s fairy tales and even supernatural romances. Fairy Day celebrates these incredible mythological creatures that have captured the imagination of people everywhere and their diverse history. Fairies have existed in just about every culture over the world, though they may have been called by different names. What they have in common, no matter where you go, is that they are spirits that inhabit the world around us and often operate by strange and often odd laws.We’ve all heard of the winged fairies that flit around flowers and are always drawn like butterfly winged cherubs of slight form, but did you know that Dwarves and Gnomes are also part of the fairy family? These creatures were common among the Germanic folk, and especially those who worked in mines and mountains. Knockers were a form of fairy that lived in mines and would ‘knock’ to warn miners of pending cave-ins and danger, hence their name. The red-hatted gnomes that occupy so many people’s gardens were fashioned after creatures from the far north. These quiet and unassuming creatures were part of the dark northern forests and spent their time living near the homes of humans, which they’d sometimes help out. Fairys even live in the oceans like the Irish Selkie, dark of hair and eye, these creatures were able to turn into humans. Turn into humans we say? Yes! They started lives as seals and would take off their skin when they came ashore and take the form of beautiful women. If one were lucky enough to steal their skin they’d be able to take a Selkie wife, so long as they didn’t let the skin be found!

Upcycling Day
Upcycling is a growing trend that’s still under the radar for some. Simply, it’s all about taking old objects and furniture, and adding your own creativity and craft to make it something new, unique and beautiful. The day is all about celebrating the art of upcycling. However, with that art also comes the focus on sustainable use of household goods, recycling items instead of being wasteful, and the many different ways we can reuse things that we might think are completely useless at first glance. Though the term has been around since the 90s, upcycling first rose to prominence when it started trending in 2002. Even before then, people have been finding new uses for old things since time immemorial. Since our first ancestors roamed on two feet, it’s been natural to reuse our possessions and find new ways to benefit from them. It’s only since modern society dawned that we started chucking a lot more away. The book Cradle to Cradle: Remaking The Way We Make Things, released in 2002 by architect William McDonough and chemist Michael Braungart, brought upcycling into the modern vernacular. Not only did it have all kinds of tips on upcycling, the book itself was upcycled from plastic and soy, which was used to form the ink. Since then, upcycling has caught the world’s imagination. Both those dedicated to finding sustainable ways of living to save the planet and the more artistically inclined have been coming together to find all new ways to use the old things cluttering our lives and filling our waste dumps. Upcycling Day naturally arose as a way to bring attention to the craze and to encourage everyone and anyone to get involved in throwing less away and upcycling more.

Pralines Day
Pralines are a delicious set of treats that are common throughout the world, they are a rich, creamy, chocolatey treat that is the height of confectionary decadence. There are also cookies that are called pralines that share similar sets of ingredients and properties as the chocolates themselves. Pralines Day celebrates these wonderful little bundles of sugary joy and their history in the world. We know you don’t need an excuse to enjoy one, but on Pralines Day you certainly have one!

A Selection of Birthdays

1777 John Ross, British naval officer and explorer, born in Balsarroch, Scotland (d. 1856)
1803 George James Webb, English-American composer, born in Salisbury, Wiltshire, (d. 1887)
1826 George Goyder, English surveyor-general of South Australia, born in Liverpool, (d. 1898)
1850 Horatio Kitchener, British General who commanded British forces during the Battle of Omdurman (Sudan) and the Second Boer War who became British Secretary of State for War during WWI (1914-16), born in Ballylongford, County Kerry,(d. 1916)
1886 George Shiels, Northern Irish dramatist (d. 1949)
1891 Irving Pichel, actor and director (Mme Butterfly, Oliver Twist), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
1893 Roy O. Disney, co-founder of the Walt Disney Company and brother of Walt (d. 1971)
1899 Bruce Marshall, Scottish writer (Father Malachy's Miracle), born in Edinburgh, (d. 1987)
1909 William G Penney, British physicist (1st British Atom Bomb)
1910 Denis Dowling, New Zealand-born British operatic baritone, born in Ranfurly, South Island (d. 1996)
1912 Brian Johnston, British cricket commentator (BBC radio commentator & cake connoisseur), born in Little Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire (d. 1994)
1914 Pearl Witherington CBE, British WW II secret agent (d. 2008)
1932 David McTaggart, co-founder (Greenpeace)
1942 Arthur Brown, Rock singer & songwriter (The Crazy World of Arthur Brown - "Fire"), born Whitby,
1944 Charlie Whitney, English rock guitarist (Family), born in Skipton, North Yorkshire
1944 Jeff Beck, British rock guitarist (Yardbirds, Jeff Beck Group), born in Wallington, Surrey
1945 Colin Blunstone, England, rocker (Zombies-Never Even Thought)
1947 Mick Fleetwood, rock drummer (Fleetwood Mac-Go Your Own Way), born in London
1947 Clarissa Dickson Wright, English celebrity chef (Two Fat Ladies), born in London (d. 2014)
1949 John Illsley, English rock bassist (Dire Straits), born in Leicester
1952 Stephen Pusey, British-born artist
1956 Joe Penny, English actor (Gangster Wars, Riptide, Jake & the Fatman), born in London
1957 Astro [Terrence Wilson], England, rock vocalist (UB40-Red Red Wine)
1961 Curt Smith, British-American rock bassist/vocalist (Tears For Fears - Everybody Wants To Rule The Word), born in Bath
1961 Iain Glen, Scottish actor (Game of Thrones, Resident Evil), born in Edinburgh
1973 Karen Stupples, English golfer (Women's British Open 2004), born in Dover
1976 Louisa Leaman, English author
1979 Craig Shergold, British internet folklore subject
1982 Kevin Nolan, English footballer
1986 Stuart Broad, English cricketer
1987 Lionel Messi, Argentine soccer striker (6 x FIFA Ballon d’Or; 6 x European Golden Shoes; 10 x La Liga titles; 4 x UEFA Champions League; 6 x Copas del Rey; FC Barcelona), born in Rosario, Argentina

On this day in British History

1340 English fleet destroys the French at the battle of Sluys (the Hundred Years' War)
1497 John Cabot claims Eastern Canada for England (believes he has found Asia in Nova Scotia)
1509 Henry VIII is crowned King of England in Westminster Abbey, London
1540 English King Henry VIII commands his 4th wife, Anne of Cleves, to leave the court
1690 King William III's army lands at Carrickfergus Ireland [OS=June 14]
1748 The Kingswood School is opened by Evangelist John Wesley and his brother Charles Wesley in Bristol. The school later moved to Bath
1795 US and Great Britain sign Jay Treaty, 1st US extradition treaty
1806 British under Commodore Popham and Colonel Beresford reach Buenos Aires
1813 Battle of Beaver Dams - British and native forces defeat US forces (War of 1812)
1885 British government of Salisbury forms
1902 King Edward VII develops appendicitis, delaying his coronation
1939 Pan Am's 1st US to England flight
1960 Geoff Griffin takes a hat-trick South Africa v England Lord's
1963 Zanzibar granted internal self-government by Britain
1968 Australia all out for 78 v England at Lord's
1986 In Britain, Foreign Office Minister Lynda Chalker, meets Oliver Tambo, president of the African National Congress to discuss means of ending Apartheid without violence
2016 British Prime Minister David Cameron resigns after the UK votes to leave the EU
2018 Britain's Prince William begins a five-day tour of the Middle East visiting Jordan, Israel and the Palestinian territories

Northern Ireland

1972 The Irish Republican Army (IRA) kill 3 British Army soldiers in a land mine attack near Dungiven, County Derry

Scotland

1314 Battle of Bannockburn; Scotland regains independence from England

Deaths in History

1604 Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford, Lord Great Chamberlain of England, dies at 54
1643 John Hampden, English politician, dies of injuries at about 48
2000 Vera Atkins, Romanian-born British intelligence officer (b. 1908)
2002 Miles Fitzalan-Howard, British army general and peer (Duke of Norfolk), dies at 86
Thanked by: Kelantan

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