On this day

Discussion about miscellaneous topics not covered by other forums
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Re: On this day

Post by macliam » Thu Jun 24 2021 2:51pm

Richard Frost wrote:
Wed Jun 23 2021 10:32am
23rd June 2021
On this day in British History

1661 Marriage contract for Charles II of England and Catharina of Portugal

Very odd entry..... for what is quite an important international treaty.

Firstly, "Catharina of Portugal" is incorrect, she is known in English as Catherine of Braganza, or in Portuguese as Catarina de Bragança (formally, Infanta Catarina, Duquesa de Bragança - Crown Princess Catherine, Duchess of Braganza). In Portugal she is also known as "The Alentejo woman who taught the English good manners" - because she was born at the Ducal palace of Vila Viçosa, in the Alentejo, and is credited with introducing Tea as a social beverage, rather than a medicine (as previously), complete with the accessories of porcelain pots and cups. She also introduced Italian Opera to the English court and changed the fashion of ladies dress - and their portraiture.

Secondly, the "marriage contract" is also a odd descriptor for what was an important Anglo-Portuguese treaty, under which England gained Tangier and Bombay (as well as trading privileges in Brazil and the East Indies, religious and commercial freedom in Portugal, and two million Portuguese crowns - about £300,000). In return Portugal obtained liberty of religion for Catarina, but, more importantly, British military and naval support against Spain, since this was during the Portuguese Restoration War which brought an end to the Iberian Union (where the House of Habsburg installed Philip of Spain as King of Portugal). The fact that this also sealed the proposed marriage of Charles II and Catarina seems almost secondary.....

This treaty was an overtly political act by England, as Catarina's father had been proclaimed King of Portugal in the face of Spanish opposition and thus Frederick Schomberg took three regiments (3,000 men), mostly ex-Royalist and New Model Army troops from the Civil War, to fight on the Portuguese side. The Spanish finally accepted defeat and accepted the legitimacy of the House of Braganza in 1668, after being beaten in several battles during the preceeding 28 years.

As a link to the present, it was due to the Treaty of Lisbon, which ended this war, that Spain gained sovereignty over the Portuguese territory of Ceuta in North Africa, the site of recent migration conflict.
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On this day

Post by Richard Frost » Fri Jun 25 2021 11:10am

25th March 2021

International Day of Remembrance of the Victims of Slavery and the Transatlantic Slave Trade
The United Nations' (UN) International Day of Remembrance of the Victims of Slavery and the Transatlantic Slave Trade is on March 25 each year. It honours the lives of those who died as a result of slavery or experienced the horrors of the transatlantic slave trade.

International Day of Solidarity with Detained and Missing Staff Members
The International Day of Solidarity with Detained and Missing Staff Members is marked each year on the anniversary of the abduction of Alec Collett, a former journalist who was working for the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA) when he was abducted by armed gunman in 1985. His body was finally found in Lebanon’s Bekaa Valley in 2009. This day has taken on even greater importance in recent years, as attacks against the United Nations intensify. This is a day to mobilize action, demand justice and strengthen our resolve to protect UN staff and peacekeepers, as well as our colleagues in the non-governmental community and the press.

Global Beatles Day
It was in the year 1960, on a foggy island found Nor-Norwest of Spain that music history changed forever. Four young proto-gods came together to form what would be one of the most influential rock bands to ever come out of England, if not the entire world. We’re speaking, of course, of the Beatles. Paul McCartney, George Harrison, John Lennon, and Ringo Starr. These four boys came together to change the world one song at a time.

Take Your Dog To Work Day
Dogs have been man’s best friend far back into pre-history when they became domesticated by choosing to live and work alongside mankind. From the very beginning, they worked alongside us, hunting and tracking and even keeping us safe at night by growling and barking when danger reared its ugly head. In modern day, this relationship has been forgotten, and the poor pooch is now left to sit at home while we go about our daily business. Take Your Dog To Work Day is set to change this old policy back again, and bring the happy puppy back into our daily work lives.

Goats Cheese Day
Typically when we think of cheese, we imagine fields of cows and massive dairy operations or juicy hamburgers topped with delicious and flavourful cheese. What if we told you that cows are not the only animals whose milk can be used to make cheese? They are by far the most popular, in part due to their ability to produce impressive quantities, but there are other forms of milk that can be made into cheese, and many of them are surprisingly delicious… Goats Cheese Day celebrates one such cheese, and one of the secrets that modern science has hidden in the milk it’s made from.

Strawberry Parfait Day
Strawberry Parfait Day, dedicated to that delicious treat that is so welcome during the hot summer months, and craved even in the face of the biting cold of winter by the true connoisseur. The exotic sounding name brings to mind the quaint little street-side cafes of Paris, where the treat so many of us are familiar with found its origin. It’s name describes the treat to a tee, Parfait means, simply, “Perfect”. But a perfect what? The word parfait has actually been used to describe quite a number of different things, and not all of them are delicious layered deserts. In the UK, the word is actually used to describe a smooth meat paste, also known as a pate, that is traditionally made from the liver of a chicken or duck, mixed with a strong liquor of one form or another. This is certainly not what Strawberry Parfait Day is about! Instead, our parfait are those popularized by ice cream shops all over the world, especially those served in layers of delectable ice-creams and gelatines with drool worthy fruit toppings.

Colour TV Day
There is an innovation that many of us take for granted every day. Whether we’re sitting at our computers, watching television with the family, or even playing with our handheld games, we are inundated with a bright parade of colours. Colour TV Day reminds us that this hasn’t always been the case, when Television was first introduced we had nothing but black and white images, really more of a myriad shade of grey. In 1951, an event came to pass that changed the future of broadcast entertainment forever. The first commercial broadcast was a variety show, containing a number of entertainers, whose name would go on to become legend, including Ed Sullivan. While this broadcast was only available to those who owned a colour-ready TV, it was the first step to changing everything.

A selection of Birthdays

1242 Beatrice of England, Duchess of Brittany, daughter of Henry III of England, born in Bordeaux, France (d. 1275)
1726 Thomas Pennant, Welsh naturalist, born in Downing, Wales (d. 1798)
1799 David Douglas, Scottish botanist (Douglas fir), born in Scone, Perthshire (d. 1834)
1852 Antoni Gaudí, Catalan-Spanish architect (Sagrada Família, Casa Milà, Casa Batlló), born in Reus, Catalonia, Spain (d. 1926)
1897 Basil Radford, Actor (The Lady Vanishes, Whiskey Galore, Night Train), born Chester (d. 1952)
1900 Louis Mountbatten, British naval officer and statesman, Supreme Allied Commander and Last Viceroy of India (1947), born in Windsor, (d. 1979)
1903 George Orwell [Eric Arthur Blair], Author (Animal Farm/1984), born Motihari, British India (d.1950)
1906 Roger Livesey, Welsh actor (Drums, The Life and Death of Colonel Blimp), born Barry, (d.1976)
1913 Cyril Fletcher, British comedian, born in Watford, Hertfordshire, (d. 2005)
1916 Philip Toynbee, British journalist and writer (Savage Days, Barricade), born in Oxford,(d. 1981)
1921 Peter Wishart, English composer, born in Crowborough, England (d. 1984)
1923 Tony Parker, British oral historian, born in Stockport, Cheshire (d. 1996)
1923 Nicholas Mosley, British novelist, biographer and son of Oswald Mosley, born in London (d. 2017)
1932 Peter Blake, British artist, born in Dartford, Kent,
1940 Clint Warwick [Albert Eccles], English bassist (Moody Blues), born in Birmingham (d. 2004)
1940 A. J. Quinnell [Philip Nicholson], English writer (Man on Fire), born Nuneaton (d. 2005)
1941 Eddie Large [McGinnis], British comedian (Little and Large), born in Glasgow (d. 2020)
1943 Bill Moggridge [William], British designer (1st laptop computer), born in London (d. 2012)
1943 Chris Huston, British-born recording engineer and guitarist, born in North Wales
1946 Ian McDonald, English rock musician (saxophone, keyboards, guitar) (King Crimson, Foreigner), born in Osterly, Middlesex
1961 Ricky Gervais, English actor and comedian (The Office), born in Reading
1962 Phill Jupitus, English comedian and broadcaster, born in Newport, Isle of Wight
1963 George Michael [Georgios Kyriacos Panayiotou], English singer-songwriter and pop superstar (Wham!, I Want Your Sex), born in London, (d. 2016)
1970 Lucy Benjamin, British actress (EastEnders), born in Reading, Berkshire
1971 Scott Maslen, English actor (EastEnders), born in London
1971 Neil Lennon, Northern Irish footballer, born in Lurgan, Northern Ireland
1973 Jamie Redknapp, English footballer and sports columnist, born in Barton on Sea, England
1978 Layla El, English dancer, model and 2006 WWE Diva Search winner, born in London
1981 Sheridan Smith, British actress (Two Pints of Lager and a Packet of Crisps), born in Epworth, Lincolnshire,
1993 Barney Clark, English actor (Oliver Twist), born in Hackney, London

On This day in British History

1658 Spanish garrison at Dunkirk surrenders to French and English
1894 Boer leader Paul Kruger meets British High Commissioner, Sir Henry Loch, on Pretoria station in South Africa and accompanies him to his hotel to discuss the grievances of the Uitlanders (Foreigners)
1942 British RAF stages a 1,000 bomb raid on Bremen, Germany (WWII)
1942 British premier Winston Churchill travels from US to London
1944 British assault at Caen, Normandy
1960 Somaliland is granted independence by British government
2007 Flooding in parts of Lincolnshire and Yorkshire in the United Kingdom including Louth, Horncastle and worst affected, Hull

Deaths in History

1483 Anthony Woodville, 2nd Earl Rivers, English noble and writer (translated Dictes and Sayings of the Philosophers, possibly 1st book printed in English), beheaded on orders of future Richard III (b. c. 1440)
1634 John Marston, English poet and playwright (b. 1576)
1798 Thomas Sandby, English architect (Royal Academy's 1st professor of Architecture) dies (b. 1721)
1897 Margaret Oliphant, Scottish novelist and biographer (Beleaguered City), dies at 69
1912 Lawrence Alma Tadema, Dutch-British painter, dies at 76
1971 John Boyd Orr, Scottish physician, Nobel laureate (b. 1880)
1977 Olave Baden-Powell, English founder of the Girl Guides, dies at 88
1992 James Stirling, Scottish architect (Neue Staatsgalerie, 1981 Pritzker Prize), dies at 66
1996 Sir Arthur Snelling, British Ambassador (b. 1914)
2017 Gordon Wilson, Scottish politician (Leader of the Scottish National Party), dies at 79
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Re: On this day

Post by pieman » Fri Jun 25 2021 12:17pm


Today is June 25th!

The first 2 are for MARCH 25th - but the rest seem to be correct....

Also - not completely convinced about the facts above regarding Global Beatles Day

''Global Beatles Day is celebrated. Often referred to as the world’s love letter day to the band, it was founded in 2009 and includes people collectively celebrating and rejoicing the band’s ideals and promoting their music and words.

The reason for choosing June 25 to celebrate the band has a story behind it. On this day, the song ‘All you need is love’, written by Lennon was performed for the first time on the BBC program Our World in 1967. It was broadcast in 26 countries and was watched by 400 million people. Faith Cohen, the originator of the idea was quoted as saying in an interview with KeepIn Calendar, “The purpose is to have a globally recognised day to thank and acknowledge the Beatles for all they have done to change the world.”
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Re: On this day

Post by Richard Frost » Fri Jun 25 2021 1:03pm

I use several sites to garner the information I use. But as has been said before
macliam wrote:
Thu Jun 17 2021 4:31pm

I guess that's the problem with agglomeration sites, you have to be able to trust their sources......
The fact is that none of them are perfect and some of them are very lacking in detail.

The purpose of the thread to generate interest, give awareness and stimulate conversation. I am glad that is happening.
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On this day

Post by Richard Frost » Sat Jun 26 2021 10:36am

26th June 2021

Beautician’s Day
We all need a little help looking our best now and then, and Beautician’s Day celebrates those cosmetological experts who can help hide our flaws and bring out the absolute best of our beauty. There are multiple disciplines within the realm of cosmetology, including such areas as skin care, manicures, electrology, hair care, and cosmetic application. When it’s a special day for you, it’s always good to remember that without these, we could be locked in a perpetual bad hair day. The world of fashion and style is in constant flux, evolving with the changing of the seasons, and these wonderful navigators of the beauty world will see you through.

World Refrigeration Day
World Refrigeration Day will serve as a means of raising awareness and understanding of the significant role that the industry and its technology play in modern life and society. The term ‘refrigeration’ here is being used in its widest sense as the process of achieving and maintaining a required temperature below that of its surroundings. An example of refrigeration is the preservation and distribution of perishable food products. Refrigeration systems are also used extensively for providing thermal comfort to human beings by means of air-conditioning. Similarly, heat-pumps are devices that take heat from one source and move it to another location.

Cream Tea Day
Cream Tea Day is the perfect opportunity from people all over the world to celebrate delicious cream tea. Fans can share legendary stories, traditions, and their own takes on cream tea. When it comes to British cream tea, the meal is steeped with delicious scones, biscuits, cakes, and sandwiches, as well as creams and jams. These were small, afternoon snacks that people used to eat in the evening in order to tide themselves over until their evening meal.

Armed Forces Day
The morale boost that members of the armed forces get from days like this is invaluable and reminds the families and loved ones of armed forces members why it’s so important. Armed forces members protect their country, and provide some incredible work around the world – including delivering aid to worn-torn countries, offering security to vulnerable people, fighting the threat of terrorism and ultimately promoting peace.

The British Armed Forces are one of the country’s oldest institutions, comprising of the Royal Navy, the British Air Force, the Royal Marines and the British Army. There is no conscription in the United Kingdom, but anyone above the age of 16 may join. Although the Armed Forces do predominantly protect the country, a large amount of the work they do today is overseas – particularly working in humanitarian aid efforts and helping to protect civilians in warring countries. The peril that comes with working in war zones overseas does mean that often these brave men and women have to put their lives on the line – and today recognizes the great sacrifices these people make to ensure the safety of others.

Chocolate Pudding Day
Rich, flavourful, and decadent, there’s nothing in life quite as good as chocolate pudding. While puddings of every type have a long and decadent history, it’s chocolate that’s the modern favourite. Its creamy texture is without a doubt one of the most amazing things about it, but there’s a secret in the pudding not everyone knows. Worry not though, we’ll be letting you in on it when we talk about the history of puddings and, of course, Chocolate Pudding Day.

A Selection of Birthdays

1702 Philip Doddridge, English Nonconformist clergyman, born in London (d. 1751)
1763 George Morland, English artist of rural landscapes, born in London (d. 1804)
1817 Branwell Brontë [Patrick Branwell Brontë], English painter and writer and brother of the writers Charlotte, Emily and Anne, born in Thornton, West Yorkshire, England (d. 1848)
1823 Frederick Bowen Jewson, Scottish composer, born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1891)
1824 William Thomson, 1st Baron Kelvin, Irish-Scottish mathematical physicist (Kelvin Scale) and engineer (transatlantic telegraph), born in Belfast, Ireland (d. 1907)
1866 George Herbert, 5th Earl of Carnarvon, Financier & Egyptologist, funded search for & excavation of Tutankhamun's tomb in the Valley of the Kings, born in Highclere Castle, Hampshire, (d. 1923)
1874 Albert Relf, Cricketer (England all-rounder in 13 Tests 1903-14), b. Burwash, East Sussex, (d. 1937)
1878 Ernest Torrence, Scottish actor (I Cover the Waterfront, Hunchback of Notre Dame), born in Edinburgh, (d. 1933)
1887 Anthony Gustav de Rothschild, British philanthropist, born in London (d. 1961)
1898 Willy Messerschmitt, German aircraft designer, born in Frankfurt am Main, Germany (d. 1978)
1901 William Busch, British composer, born in London (d. 1945)
1909 Betty Askwith, British writer and biographer (d. 1995)
1909 Nicholas Polunin, British botanist and environmentalist, born in Checkendon, Oxfordshire (d. 1997)
1913 Maurice Wilkes, British computer scientist and inventor (stored program concept for computers), born in Dudley, (d. 2010)
1914 Laurie Lee, English poet and author (I Can't Stay Long), born in Slad, Gloucestershire, (d. 1997)
1922 Alan T. Peacock, British economist, born in Ryton, England (d. 2014)
1924 Syd Lawrence, British bandleader (Syd Lawrence Orchestra), born in Wilmslow, Cheshire, (d. 1998)
1929 Ian Prestt, English ornithologist, born in Lancaster (d. 1995)
1931 Colin Wilson, English author (Afterlife, Book of Great Mysteries), born in Leicester,(d. 2013)
1934 Jeremy Wolfenden, British journalist and spy, born in England (d. 1965)
1943 Georgie Fame [Clive Powell], English R&B and jazz singer and keyboard player (Get Away, Ballad of Bonnie & Clyde), born in Lancashire
1944 Ruth Kempson, British linguist (SOAS)
1946 Clive Francis, British actor (Masada), born in London, England
1952 Gordon McQueen, Scottish soccer player (Manchester United), born in Kilbirnie, North Ayrshire
1955 Mick Jones, English rock vocalist and guitarist (The Clash-Havana 3 AM), born in London
1956 Azhar Cachalia, Scottish-South African leader (United Democratic Front), born in Scotland
1962 George Windsor, Earl of St Andrews, elder son of Prince Edward, Duke of Kent, born in Coppins, Iver, Buckinghamshire
1963 Harriet Wheeler, English pop singer and composer (The Sundays)
1964 Alison Wyeth, Isle 1.5k/5k runner, born in West Middlesex, England
1964 Pamela Wright, Scottish golfer (US Open 9-hole record with 30 1994), born in Glasgow, Scotland
1969 Colin Greenwood, English musician (Radiohead), born in Oxford
1975 Terry Skiverton, English football player (Yeovil Town), born in Mile End, London
1993 Ariana Grande, American singer (Problem, The Way), born in Boca Raton, Florida

On this day in British History

1483 Duke of Gloucester succeeds as King Richard III of England after Parliament declared Edward V illegitimate
1553 Christ's Hospital in London granted a charter by Edward VI Just 11 days before his death.
1794 Battle of Fleurus: major victory by forces of the First French Republic under General Jean-Baptiste Jourdan over the Coalition Army (Great Britain, Hanover, Dutch Republic, and Habsburgs) first use of reconnaissance balloon
1857 The first 62 recipients awarded Victoria Cross for valour in the Crimean war by Queen Victoria
1902 Order of Merit instituted by King Edward VII
1942 German assault on British at Mersa Matruh
1944 2nd British army reaches Grainville-Mouen line
1960 British Somaliland (now Somalia) gains independence from Britain
1997 Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone, 1st book in J. K. Rowling's best-selling series, published
2017 Theresa May's UK Conservative minority party strike deal to govern with Northern Ireland's DUP with guarantee of 1 billion funding

Northern Ireland

1970 Two young girls die in a premature explosion in Derry after their father, a member of the Irish Republican Army, was making an incendiary device, presumably for use against the British Army
1972 The Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) kill two British Army soldiers in separate attacks during the day and at midnight begins a "bi-lateral truce"
2017 Theresa May's UK Conservative minority party strike deal to govern with Northern Ireland's DUP with guarantee of 1 billion funding

Wedding of Interest
1915 Poet T. S. Eliot (26) weds governess Vivienne Haigh-Wood (27) at Hampstead Register Office in London

Deaths in History

1291 Eleanor of Provence, wife of Henry III of England
1793 Gilbert White, English naturalist (Natural History and Antiquities of Selborn), dies at 72
1827 Samuel Crompton, English inventor (mule-jenny spinning machine), dies at 73
1939 Ford M Ford [Hueffer], British writer, (Tietjens Saga) dies at 65
1994 Ian Board, British barkeeper (Colony Room), dies at 64
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On this day

Post by Richard Frost » Sun Jun 27 2021 9:03am

27th June 2021

Pineapple Day
It’s one of our favourite fruits, a lush, prickly, green leafed ground fruit that is a delicious addition to just about any meal. It’s sweet and tangy on its own and is practically the definition of the word ‘tropical’. Want to make something tropical? Put a slice of this fruit on it. That’s right, we’re talking about the apple that isn’t an apple, the pine that isn’t a pine, the pineapple! Pineapple day is dedicated to this most tantalizing little fruit and the greatest myth of all… It doesn’t grow on a tree. Didn’t know that? You’re hardly alone, most people think this prickly fruit hangs on a tree like a coconut, Nope!

Sunglasses Day
Elton John has over a thousand pairs, Canadian singer Corey Hart only wears his at night, and you can tell the good guys from the bad guys in The Matrix by the shape of theirs. What am I talking about? Sunglasses, of course! There’s nothing quite as stylish as a pair of shades, so get out your aviators or your wayfarers and start celebrating Sunglasses Day! Although the origins of Sunglasses Day are unknown, the history of sunglasses stretches as far back as 14th century China, where judges used eyewear made of smoke-coloured quartz to mask their emotions. Fast-forward 600 years and modern sunglasses as we know them today were first marketed by entrepreneur Sam Foster on the Atlantic City Boardwalk.

One other thing to remember is that sunglasses also help protect your eyes from harmful UV light, so channel your inner-cool and slip on those shades on Sunglasses Day!

Log Cabin Day
Back in the early days of the world, people built homes out of strong and sturdy logs. Carefully notched together and sealed in-between with a caulking agent like mud or clay, Log Cabins were sturdy and reliable, and could stand the test of time. Admittedly, you’d have to change the roof out every so often, but ultimately there was nothing like them. They were especially popular in the frontier days of the American migration west, and seven of the American Presidents were born in them. Log Cabin Day celebrates the history of the Log Cabin and commemorates this most humble of homes.

Orange Blossom Day
As far as delicate, fragrant flowers go, the orange blossom has got to be near the top of the list of the world’s most favourite. Frequently used in perfumes, this flower has long been believed to bring good fortune and as such is often seen in bouquets and wreaths at weddings. Orange blossom petals can also be used to make orange flower water, which is an alternative to the perhaps better known rose water, and is often used in culinary arts to make desserts and some tasty cakes. Today is about observing the versatility of this fragrant flower, and perhaps finding out a little more about what it has to offer.

Industrial Workers Of The World Day
With the modernization of industry, a move from manufacturing to consumerism and a general shift in global market operations, industrial processes and businesses are much less common than they used to be. As such, it’s easy to overlook just how big a part industry still plays, and how many people are employed by industrial organizations working in industrial roles. Industrial Workers Of The World Day draws attention to these workers, and to their importance in producing the goods that we consume and rely on, as well as the organization that represents them, the I.W.W., or as they’re known colloquially “The Wobblies.”

A Selection of Birthdays

1805 Stephen Elvey, English composer, born in Canterbury, Kent (d. 1860)
1812 John Pike Hullah, English composer, born in Worcester (d. 1884)
1842 Jamie Anderson, Scottish golfer (British Open 1877-79), born in St. Andrews, Fife (d. 1905)
1846 Charles Stewart Parnell, English-Irish Home Rule Party leader, born Avondale, County Wicklow, Ireland (d. 1891)
1884 Forrester Harvey, Irish actor (Rebecca, Tarzan, Chump at Oxford), born in Cork, Ireland (d. 1945)
1888 Lewis Bernstein Namier, English historian, born in Wola Okrzejska, Poland (d. 1960)
1906 Catherine Cookson, English novelist (Bannaman Legacy), born in Jarrow, Durham (d. 1998)
1906 Vernon Watkins, Welsh poet (Ballad of Mari Lwyd), born in Maesteg, (d. 1967)
1907 Valerie Cossart, British actress (Hartmans), born in London, England (d. 1994)
1908 David Davis, British radio broadcaster (BBC Children's Hour), b. Malvern, Worcestershire, (d. 1996)
1914 Robert Aickman, English writer and conservationist (co-founding the Inland Waterways Association), born in London (d. 1981)
1916 Arthur Walter Lucas, first Chief Restorer of the National Gallery, London, born in London (d. 1996)
1921 Muriel Pavlow, British actress (Murder, She Said, Reach for the Sky), born in Lewisham, (d. 2019)
1924 Bob Appleyard, English cricketer (superb England off-spinner, brief career), b. Bradford, (d. 2015)
1927 David Hobman, English human right activist and director (Age Concern England) (d. 2003)
1931 Grant Weatherstone, Scotland rugby union winger (16 caps; Edinburgh District), born in Edinburgh, (d. 2020)
1932 Hugh Wood, British composer, born in Parbold, Lancashire
1938 Shirley Anne Field, English actress (Beat Girl, Kings of the Sun), born in Forest Gate, London
1938 Kathryn Beaumont, British voice actress (Alice-Alice in Wonderland), born in London
1938 Tommy Cannon [Derbyshire], English comedian and singer ("Cannon and Ball"), born in Oldham
1941 James P. Hogan, British sci-fi author (Giants' Star), born in London (d. 2010)
1951 Mary McAleese, 8th President of Ireland (1997-2011), born in Belfast, Northern Ireland
1961 Tim Whitnall, Actor (Best Possible Taste: The Kenny Everett Story), born in Canvey Island, Essex
1961 Meera Syal, British-Indian comedienne and actress (Goodness Gracious Me), born Wolverhampton
1971 Jo Frost, British television personality (Supernanny), born in London
1975 Tobey Maguire, American actor (Spider-Man, The Great Gatsby), born in Santa Monica, California
1978 Lolly [Anna Shantha Kumble], British singer (Viva la Radio), born in Sutton Coldfield
1980 Kevin Pietersen, English cricketer, born in Pietermaritzburg, South Africa
1984 Khloé Kardashian, American reality television star (Keeping Up with the Kardashians), born in Los Angeles, California
1987 Ed Westwick, English actor (Gossip Girl), born in London
1989 Matthew Lewis, English actor (The Syndicate), born in Leeds

Today in British History

1743 War of the Austrian Succession: Battle of Dettingen: in Bavaria, King George II of Britain personally leads troops into battle. The last time a British monarch commanded troops in the field.
1746 Flora MacDonald helps Bonnie Prince Charlie, disguised as Betty Burke an Irish maid, evade capture by landing him on the Isle of Skye
1759 British general James Wolfe begins the siege of Quebec.
1778 Liberty Bell returns home to Philadelphia after the British departure
1806 Buenos Aires captured by British
1857 Bibighar massacre of 120 British women and children following the siege of Cawnpore
1890 Cecil Rhodes' colonists attack Motlousi in Matabeleland
1957 The British Medical Research Council publishes a report suggesting a direct link between smoking and lung cancer.
1960 British Somaliland becomes part of Somalia
1990 Salman Rushdie, condemned to death by Iran, contributes $8600 to help their earthquake victims
1995 Holland's debut in English domestic comp (v Northants, NatWest)
2007 Gordon Brown becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

Northern Ireland

1970 Following the arrest of Bernadette Devlin, intense riots erupt in Derry and Belfast leading to a prolonged gun battle between Irish republicans and loyalists

Deaths in History

1627 John Hayward, English historian
1672 Roger Twysden, English antiquarian and royalist, dies at 74
1776 Thomas Hickey, plan to hand George Washington to British, executed
1905 Harold Mahony, Scottish tennis player (Wimbledon 1896), dies in a bicycling accident at 38
1957 Malcolm Lowry, English writer (Ultramarine), dies at 48
1960 Harry Pollitt, General Secretary of the Communist Party of Great Britain dies at 69
1966 Arthur D Waley [Schloss], British sinology/poet (Monkey), dies
1989 A. J. Ayer, English Neopositivist philosopher (Logical Positivism), dies at 78
1994 Jeremy Brooks, English writer (Jampot Smith), dies at 67
2005 Ray Holmes, Battle of Britain veteran (b. 1914)
2005 Domino Harvey, English-born bounty hunter (b. 1969)
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On this day

Post by Richard Frost » Mon Jun 28 2021 10:46am

Jun 28th, 2021

International Body Piercing Day
Throughout the world body modification has been used for many purposes, from self-expression, to rites of passage, shock value, even religious observances. There has been a growing movement in the western world driving body modification to the forefront of popular forms of expression and self-decoration. The history of body piercing isn’t clear, as there is a lot of misleading information out there, but there is significant indicators that it has been practiced by both men and women since prehistory. Body Piercing Day is an opportunity for you to find a new way to express yourself with this age old practice.

Ear Piercing has been well known in Western Cultures for at least the last couple hundred years, and the evidence of it goes back quite a bit further, with evidence of ears and nose being pierced being discovered in the graves of many cultures, even as far back as 5,000 years ago. It was a well-known way of sending wealth along with the dead into the next life, and honouring them in their burial site.

But this is just the tip of the proverbial iceberg, lip and tongue piercings have been present throughout the world, particularly well documented in African and American tribal cultures. Nipple Piercing can be tracked back at least as far the Ancient Romans, while genital piercing made a perhaps unexpected debut in Ancient India.

Logistics Day
Logistics Day recognises and appreciates the importance the logistics sector plays. Logistics refers to the process of moving and coordinating resources from one location to another. There are many different parts of this, from packaging and shipping. There is also a wealth of equipment, inventory, materials, and people involved. Logistics Day was created to celebrate all of this! Whether or not you are a business owner, you will recognise that most businesses focus on designing and producing services and products that fit their customers’ needs. However, if these products do not reach the consumer base, the business is going to fail. This illustrates just how critical logistics is and why we celebrate it. Take a look around your home now. It would probably be empty if it were not for those working in the logistics industry.

Ceviche Day
For those who are partial to a bit of fresh and delicious seafood on their plates, then a must-try dish is ceviche! Most popular in the Caribbean regions and on the coast of Latin America, ceviche (sometimes spelled cebiche) is a meal that is made from raw, fresh fish that has been cured with lemon or lime juices (or sometimes both) for a tasty, citrusy flavour. Not only that, but the acidity of the lime or lemon actually works to “cook” the fish so there is no need for heat. Depending on where the ceviche is eaten, it may be found served up with chopped onions, cilantro and a dash of salt. It is often dished out with side dishes of vegetables such as lettuce, avocado and sweet potato, just to name a few. On Ceviche Day, it’s time to discover the fishy goodness that is this tasty, seaborn dish!

Tapioca Day
Tapioca Day is dedicated to the starch that is extracted from Manioc, otherwise known as ‘Cassava’. This plant is most commonly known as the source of the translucent beads in Tapioca pudding. But while this is the most commonly known use of this substance, it has cultural significance around the world. It’s origins can be found in Brazil, where the cassava plant is called the mandioca, and it’s extracted starch is called Tapioca. One little known fact about the Tapioca starch, is that when it’s extracted from the green branched variety of the plant, it is the source of a potent cyanide based poison, and must be processed to remove this before it becomes edible. Once this process is completed it is processed in different ways, which produces the spheres, flakes, or sticks. Tapioca pudding is an odd looking treat relatively common in the western world. With it’s signature white colour and the translucent and mysterious pearls that give it it’s well known texture, it is a form of pudding instantly recognizable to anyone who has encountered it before. One of the most common ‘mysteries’ of this treat is what, exactly, those pearls are within it. To the British Child, it is not uncommonly known as frog spawn a bit of a tribute to the clumps of amphibian eggs it clearly resembles. Fear not! There are no frog eggs in your tapioca pudding, and the mystery of it’s contents is, in fact, answered right in the name. Those pearls are a carefully molded form of starch extracted from the cassava plant, actually being comprised of flour from this self-same plant. It’s origins can be traced back as 1875, it’s first mention being made in Cassell’s Dictionary of Cooking. It was in this text that the first definition of Tapioca appears, as well as it’s suggestion for inclusion in puddings.

A Selection of Birthdays

1491 Henry VIII, King of England (1509-47) who separated the Church of England from the Roman Catholic Church, born in London (d. 1547)
1703 John Wesley, English Christian theologian and co-founder of the Methodist movement, born in Epworth, England (d. 1791)
1892 E. H. Carr, English historian (History of Soviet Russia), born in London (d. 1982)
1906 Nancy Mayhew Youngman, English painter and educationalist, born in Maidstone,(d. 1995)
1909 Eric Ambler, suspense writer (Epitaph for a Spy), born in London, England
1912 Audrey Langford, English singing teacher, born in Rochdale (d. 1994)
1913 George Walter Selwyn Lloyd, English composer (The Serf, John Socman), born St. Ives (d. 1998)
1928 Ronald Alfred Gardyne "Rags" Butler, sailor R.N.R. Midshipman. Action Station - After Gun Control. Won D.S.C. Medal (Distinguished Service Cross) (d. 1996)
1928 Cyril Smith, Liberal Member of Parliament & alleged serial sex offender, b. Lancashire, (d. 2010)
1935 John Inman, English actor (Mr. Humphries-Are You Being Served?), born in Preston (d. 2007))
1936 Peter Hall, British folklorist and musician, born in London (d. 1996)
1945 Dave Knights, British rock bassist (Procol Harum-Conquistador), born in London
1955 Shirley Cheriton, English actress (Debbie Wilkins-EastEnders), born in London
1955 Eric Gates, English football player, born in Ferryhill, County Durham
1968 Adam Woodyatt, English actor (Ian Beale in EastEnders), born in Walthamstow, London
1971 Kenny Cunningham, Irish footballer, born in Limón, Costa Rica
1971 Elon Musk, Entrepreneur and inventor (SpaceX, Tesla, Paypal), born in Pretoria, South Africa
1985 Phil Bardsley, English football player (Burnley), born in Salford
1994 Madeline Duggan, English actress (Lauren Branning-EastEnders), born Bermondsey, London

On this day in British History

1461 Edward IV crowned King of England
1776 Charleston, South Carolina repulses British sea attack
1807 British troops land at Ensenada, Argentina
1838 Coronation of Queen Victoria in Westminster Abbey, London
1859 1st dog show held, in Newcastle upon Tyne
1948 British begin airlift “Operation Plainfare” to West Berlin
1976 Three British mercenaries are sentenced to death for their part in the Angolan civil war
1982 Prince Charles and Diana, Princess of Wales, name their baby "William"
2009 Professor Stephen Hawking hosts a 'party for time travellers' at the University of Cambridge, not sending out the invites until after the party

Northern Ireland

1970 Around 500 Catholic workers at the Harland and Wolff shipyard are forced to leave their work by Protestant employees as serious rioting continues in Belfast
1973 Northern Ireland Assembly elections take place

Deaths in History

1716 George FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Northumberland, English general (b. 1665)
1929 Edward Carpenter, English poet and philosopher (Civilisation, Its Cause and Cure), dies at 84
1958 Alfred Noyes, British poet and essayist (Robin Hood), dies at 77
2000 Jane Birdwood, British anti-Semitic activist (b. 1913)
2004 Anthony Buckeridge, English author (Jennings), dies at 92
2006 Peter Rawlinson, Baron Rawlinson of Ewell, English barrister, politician and author (b. 1919)
2006 George Unwin, British WWII fighter ace (b. 1913)
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Re: On this day

Post by kevinchess1 » Mon Jun 28 2021 12:58pm

The legend that is Mel Brooks is 95 today
Politically incorrect since 69

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Re: On this day

Post by macliam » Mon Jun 28 2021 2:38pm

kevinchess1 wrote:
Mon Jun 28 2021 12:58pm
The legend that is Mel Brooks is 95 today
Mel Brooks wrote: If Shaw and Einstein couldn't beat death, what chance have I got? Practically none.
Mel Brooks wrote:Bad taste is simply saying the truth before it should be said.
Just because I'm paranoid, it doesn't mean they're not out to get me

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On this day

Post by Richard Frost » Tue Jun 29 2021 10:27am

June 29th, 2021

Waffle Iron Day
Ahhh the Waffle Iron, creator of some of the most delicious breakfast delicacies the world round. There’s so many different types of them as well, you have your regular waffle iron, your deluxe multi-waffle irons that make more than one at a time, round ones, Belgian waffle-makers with their deep squares and thick waffles begging to be topped with strawberries and cream. Waffle Iron Day is the perfect time to celebrate this delicious breakfast staple! Waffle Irons were first found in that area of North Western Europe known as the Low Countries, which includes Belgium and the Netherlands as well as other places. Originally they were made to be used over an open flame, and were thus constructed on the end of two long, typically wooden, handles with a clamshell system at one end, which would be held over a fire to bake.

Camera Day
The origin of Camera Day is unknown, but it is used as a reminder for us to remember the existence of the camera and its many benefits. After all, how many other mediums can capture people and places so beautifully? How many other mediums can evoke smiles of memories past, or reminders of events that have shaped our lives? The camera, in all of its many forms, is to be celebrated. This humble device has become a major part of our lives, and so, on Camera Day, snap some photos during your lunch hour, on your commute to work, or whenever a moment of inspiration strikes.

World Industrial Design Day
Industrial designers envision products that fill homes, offices, hospitals, and schools. These visionaries serve diverse working environments and create innovations to help serve the leaders of the global economy. They work tirelessly and out of sight to give people the best tools of the trade. World Industrial Design Day is a day dedicated to the industrial designers that create the vision of the future.
The day is for teaching people about the history of industrial design and potentially getting people interested in the profession.

International Mud Day
Mud. It seems like a nuisance, doesn’t it? As soon as it rains, mud is everywhere, and it literally gets all over everything. There are definitely no benefits this slippery, sticky dirty substance could offer, right? Wrong. And the creators of International Mud Day are out to prove it! After all, mud is quintessential to the outdoors, and the outdoors mean fresh air and exercise, two of the best things for people. And so what if we get a little dirty? Plenty of research has shown that coming into contact with a certain amount of bacteria is good for us, as it helps build up immunity, as opposed to living in a virtually sterile environment, which makes our bodies very vulnerable. Not to mention how many minerals mud can have. there’s a reason why people pay hundreds of dollars for mud masks and baths at spas. So what are you waiting for? Let’s get dirty!

Almond Buttercrunch Day
Delicious, delicious almond buttercrunch, is there anything that’s better than this crunchy buttery caramelized candy? Almond Buttercrunch Day is a great day to indulge in this rich flavourful treat, and maybe even to learn a little bit about its history. This delicious treat is the foundation of some of the most mouth watering confections out there, and is generally agreed to be best accompanied by any sort of chocolate you care to name! This treat was particularly popular back in the days of World War II, it’s ease of shipment making it the perfect taste of home to wrap up and send along in care packages.

A Selection of Birthdays

1482 Maria of Aragon, queen of Portugal (1500-17), born in Córdoba, Kingdom of Castile (d. 1517)
1850 Joseph Paul Skelly, Irish-American composer (I Should Say So!), born in Ireland (d. 1895)
1858 George Washington Goethals, American army general and civil engineer who supervised the construction of the Panama Canal, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1928)
1889 Willie Macfarlane, Scottish golfer (US Open 1925), born in Aberdeen (d. 1961)
1896 Irene Browne, British actress (All at Sea, Peg O' My Heart), born in London (d. 1965)
1896 Alfred [Harold] Gilligan, Cricketer (English Captain 1929-30), b. Shamley Green, Surrey (d. 1978)
1901 Frieda Inescort, Scottish actress (Pride & Prejudice), born in Edinburgh (d. 1976)
1902 Ellen Clara Pollock, British-German actress (Wicked Lady, Horror Hospital), born in Heidelberg, Germany (d. 1997)
1903 Alan Blumlein, English electronics engineer, born in Hampstead, London (d. 1942)
1916 David Donaldson, Painter and Limner to Her Majesty the Queen in Scotland, born in Chryston, Lanarkshire (d. 1996)
1918 Jack Harkness, British rose grower (R. Harkness & Co. Ltd) (d. 1994)
1923 Ronnie Ronalde [Ronald Charles Waldron], British entertainer and world-famous whistler, born in London (d. 2015)
1928 Ian Bannen, Scottish character actor (Eye of the Needle, Gorky Park), b. Airdrie (d. 1999)
1940 John Dawes OBE, Welsh rugby union centre (22 caps Wales, 4 caps British & Irish Lions; London Welsh; Barbarians), born in Abercarn (d. 2021)
1943 Roger Ruskin Spear, English saxophonist (Bonzo Dog Doo Dah Band), born in London
1947 Michael Carter, Scottish actor, born in Dumfries
1948 Dervin Gordon, British musician (The Equals), born in Jamaica
1948 Charles McCorquodale, art historian, born in Edinburgh (d. 1996)
1948 Ian Paice, British hard rock drummer (White Snake; Deep Purple - "Smoke On The Water"), born in Nottingham
1952 Joe Johnson, English snooker player, born in Bradford
1953 Colin Hay, Scottish-Australian guitarist and singer (Men At Work), born in Saltcoats, Scotland
1956 Pedro Santana Lopes, 116th Prime Minister of Portugal (2004-05), born in Lisbon, Portugal
1958 Rosa Mota, Portuguese long distance runner (Olympic gold marathon 1988; World C'ship gold marathon 1987), born in Porto, Portugal
1960 "The Caveman" Kevin Shirley, South African music producer and mixer (Journey, Iron Maiden, Europe, Led Zeppelin), born in Johannesburg, South Africa
1962 Amanda Donohoe, English actress (CJ Lamb-LA Law), born in London
1964 Stedman Pearson, English rock vocalist (Five Star-Silk & Steel), born in Islington
1965 Paul Jarvis, English cricketer (England pace bowler 1988-93), born in Redcar
1969 Simon Brown, English cricket fast bowler (1 Test, 2 wickets; Durham, Northamptonshire), born in Cleadon,
1975 Mathew Gates, British-American dance skater (with partner Chalom-1995 Nat Jr champ), born in Hitchin
1977 Zuleikha Robinson, English actress (The Namesake), born in London
1979 Andy O'Brien, Irish soccer defender (26 caps, Republic of Ireland; Newcastle United), born in Harrogate
1979 Abs Love [Richard Abidin Breen], English singer (Five), born in London
1980 Katherine Jenkins, Welsh soprano singer and songwriter, born in Neath
1980 Mel Peachey, British television personality (PlayMania), born in London
1986 Austin Drage, English singer (The X Factor), born in London
1993 George Sampson, English dancer and official ambassador of the United Dance Organisation, born in Warrington

On this day in British History

1377 French raid at Rye, England
1540 Former Lord Privy Seal and Chancellor of the Exchequer of England, Thomas Cromwell indicted as a heretic
1613 Shakespeare's Globe Theatre in London, burns down during a performance of "Henry VIII"
1767 British pass Townshend Revenue Act levying taxes on America, helping to intensify opposition to British rule
1850 British ex-Prime Minister Sir Robert Peel falls off his horse; dies three days later
1857 Battle at Chinhat (Indies rebel under Barkat Ahmed beat British)
1864 Samuel Crowther, bishop of Niger, becomes the first Black bishop of the Church of England
1903 British government protests against abuses in Belgian Congo
1925 Canada House opens in London, England.
1946 British mandatory government of Palestine arrests 100 leaders of Yishnuv
1950 West Indies beat England by 326 runs thanks to Ramadhin & Valentine
1962 1st flight Vickers (British Aerospace) VC-10 long-range airliner
1976 The Seychelles become independent from the United Kingdom.
1986 Richard Branson aboard Virgin Atlantic Challenger II reaches Bishop Rock, Isles of Scilly, fastest crossing of Atlantic


1552 Italian physician and mathematician Girolamo Cardano arrives in Edinburgh, Scotland to treat John Hamilton, Archbishop of St Andrews for over two thousand gold crowns
1786 Alexander Macdonell and over five hundred Roman Catholic highlanders leave Scotland to settle in Glengarry County, Ontario.

Weddings in History

1854 English Novelist and author of "Jane Eyre" Charlotte Brontë marries curate Arthur Bell Nicholls

Deaths in History

1509 Margaret Beaufort, mother of Henry VII and paternal grandmother of King Henry VIII of England, dies at 66
1764 Ralph Allen, English businessman and politician (b. 1693)
1860 Thomas Addison, English physician (A-Biermer Disease), dies at 67
1861 Elizabeth Barrett Browning, British poet and writer ("How Do I Love thee"), dies at 55
1895 Thomas Henry Huxley, English biologist (comparative anatomy), dies at 70
1958 Charles Spencelayh, English painter (Why War), dies at 92
2000 John Aspinall, Zoo owner (Howletts; Port Lympne), and gambling club host, dies of cancer at 74
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