1st August 2021
LAMMAS/LUGHNASDH Wiccan LUGHNASADH Pagan
Lughnasadh, otherwise called Lammas, is the time of the corn harvest, when Pagans reap those things they have sown and when they celebrate the fruits of the mystery of Nature. At Lughnasadh, Pagans give thanks for the bounty of the Goddess as Queen of the Land.
Whether it is in the closest of bonds or the farthest of distances between us, our family is some of the closest ties many of us have outside of marriage and children. This day is to celebrate one of those very bonds, one that has sparked many stories, movies, and songs; the bond of sisterhood. So here’s to you, all the sisters out there that cared for us, helped us and even helped shape us into who we are today!
World Wide Web Day
There is no denying the importance of the World Wide Web. In fact, most people rely on the World Wide Web in order to find out information and carry out tasks online every day. It is integral to a lot of jobs as well. Therefore, it is only right that we have a day to celebrate the World Wide Web. Have you ever found yourself saying “where would I be without the Internet?” – This is something that a lot of people remark all of the time! This is especially the case when you have an unexpected Internet outage and you can’t get online. You don’t know what to do with yourself. The World Wide Web has made it possible to do so many things that were simply not achievable before. This includes catching up with friends and family members that live on the other side of the world, as well as finding out information about virtually any topic! It really is quite remarkable to think about the power that the Internet has today and how it has enriched our lives in so many different ways. If you do some digging online, you will see that there are some really interesting facts about the World Wide Web, and you can spend some of your day finding out more about these. It is incredibly insightful! For example, you can take a look at the first-ever image that was posted on the World Wide Web. This was uploaded in 1992 by Berners-Lee. It was a photo of Les Horribles Cernettes, which is a parody pop band that was founded by employees at CERN. You have also probably used the term “surfing the net” a lot. Did you know that this was created by a librarian called Jean Armour Polly? She is credited with coining the term. This was as a consequence of an article she published called “Surfing the Internet” in March of 1992. This article was published in the Wilson Library Bulletin at the University of Minnesota.
Here are some other facts that you may not know about the World Wide Web…
The first computer used by Sir Tim Berners-Lee as a web server was a NeXT computer.
This computer was also used to write the first web browser, WorldWideWeb.
It was announced that the Web would be free to anyone in 1993.
The launch of the Mosaic web browser in 1993 was a major turning point for the Web. It is credited with popularizing the whole thing.
While the first popular search engine is known as Yahoo! Search, it is believed that Archie was the first of its kind. This was the first tool for FTP archive indexing, enabling people to locate specific files.
Girl Friends Day
Let us begin with what Girl Friend’s Day is – the day of the girl friend. A girl, well that definition is well and obvious for the most part. Occasional bending of that term may apply, but we all know what it means for each of us. A friend is a person to whom one knows and with whom one has a bond of mutual affection. That doesn’t mean sexual relations, just relations. We all have relations, and a friend is one who has a close relationship with us, no matter the context, it is that relationship that details them as a friend. On August 1, 2004, Mistress Susan created a special day just for girl friends to express gratitude to one another. It’s a great chance to take your girl friends to go to the park, to a play, out to eat at a restaurant, a movie, or an upscale spa, perhaps!
Planner people, know that there’s nothing as satisfying, nothing that brings such a sense of security, as having our day neatly planned out in our calendars. When something comes up we can avoid double-booking, we don’t have to worry about forgetting important dates or appointments, and we just know that everything is right where it belongs. Don’t make the mistake of thinking that those who use planners are truly organized individuals. Instead, the use of a Planner is often a way to compensate for the fact that we are messy, disorganized people who need a place to put our lives in order. Planners are used by everyone from stay-at-home parents to important corporate executives who would be lost without a carefully planned itinerary to see them through their day. They also come in every shape and size, and some people keep separate personal and business planners so their two lives can remain separate. Some planners are so serious about planning that they hire people to keep track of their planners for them! That’s some next level planning!
Respect For Parents Day
Respect for Parents Day is the perfect starting point to teach your children about respect and bring more of it into your home. To appreciate all parents in all parts of the world for their selfless commitment to children and their lifelong sacrifice towards nurturing this relationship. Many believe that the day might have originated because of the eternal human desire to honour and appreciate the love and care of parents, whose enormous effort resulted in giving a better human kind to the nation.
Many organizations, local government and other communities encourage Parents’ Day by organizing various activities and games. For example the Parents’ Day Council of the local bodies nominates parents for the “Parents of the Year”. The ideal parents of each area are nominated for the award “National Parents of the Year”.
A Selection of Birthdays
10 BC Claudius, Roman Emperor (41-54), born in Lugdunum, Gaul (d. 54AD)
126 Publius Helvius Pertinax, Roman Emperor (Year of the Five Emperors), born in Alba Pompeia, Italia (d. 193)
1545 Andrew Melville, Scottish theologian and religious reformer, born Baldovie, Angus (d. 1622)
1555 Edward Kelley, British spirit medium and Renaissance occultist, born Worcester (d. 1597)
1714 Richard Wilson, Welsh landscape painter, born in Penegoes, Montgomeryshire (d. 1782)
1766 Jeffry Wyatville, English architect and garden designer (alterations and extensions to Chatsworth House and Windsor Castle), born Burton upon Trent (d. 1840)
1770 William Clark, American explorer, soldier, Indian agent and territorial governor who led the Lewis and Clark Expedition of 1804-06 and claimed the Pacific Northwest for the United States, born in Ladysmith, Virginia (d. 1838)
1779 Francis Scott Key, American lawyer, poet and composer of the lyrics to "Star-Spangled Banner", born in Carroll County, Maryland (d. 1843)
1824 Edward Francis Fitzwilliam, English composer, born in Deal, Kent (d. 1857)
1862 M. R. James, English scholar and author (Ghost Stories of an Antiquary), born in Goodnestone, Dover (d. 1936)
1870 Ilya Ivanovich Ivanov, Russian biologist who perfected the artificial insemination of animals and showed that his technology allowed one stallion to fertilize up to 500 mares, born in Shchigry, Kursk Oblast, Russia (d. 1932)
1877 Charlotte Hughes, British supercentenarian (lived under the rule of 6 monarchs and 24 British Prime Ministers), born in Middlesbrough (d. 1993)
1881 Rose Macaulay, English writer (The Towers of Trebizond), born in Rugby, Warwickshire (d. 1958)
1902 Ruth Evelyn Mansfield, doctor, Pregnant with her first child when she qualified, Dr Mansfield spent the next few years focused on her family, starting her anaesthetic career working as house anaesthetist at the Westminster from 1933 to 1936, and inspired to continue in the specialty by Ivan Magill. She then became honorary anaesthetist to Battersea General Hospital, house anaesthetist at the Royal Dental Hospital, and anaesthetist to the British Dental Hospital. During WW2 she worked at the Croydon & Battersea, Royal Waterloo Women & Children’s, British Dental and Brompton Hospitals, and later at Horton EMS Hospital. With the inception of the NHS she became consultant at the Brompton, Milford Chest, King George V (Godalming), and King Edward VII (Midhurst), Hospitals, contributing to the management of the latter there, and retiring in 1967.(d. 1994)
1919 Stanley Middleton, Novelist (Holiday, Three Wise Men), born Bulwell, Nottinghamshire (d.2009)
1920 Jeffrey Segal, British actor and playwright (Dad's Army, Traitors), born London (d. 2015)
1922 Frank Hauser, British theatrical director (Oxford Playhouse), born in Cardiff (d. 2007)
1927 Franklyn Perring, Botanist (co-author of Atlas of the British Flora, 1962), born London (d. 2003)
1930 Lionel Bart [Begleiter], British pop music composer and writer (Oliver!), born in London
1931 Monty Seymour Losowsky, British physician and medical educator, born in the East End of London, the son of immigrant parents, who today would probably be classed as illegal immigrants, fleeing from antisemitic persecution in eastern Europe. He played a crucial role in the establishment of the largest teaching hospital in Europe, St James’s in Leeds, (d. 2020)
1931 Seán Ó Riada [John Reidy], Irish composer (Mise Éire), born in Cork City (d. 1971)
1933 Richard Lloyd Jones, British secretary (Welsh Office 1985–93)
1935 Geoff Pullar, English cricketer (England opening batsman late 50's early 60's), born Swinton, Lancashire (d. 2014)
1936 Laurie Taylor, English sociologist and broadcaster (BBC Radio 4), born in Liverpool
1936 Yves Saint Laurent, French fashion designer, born in Oran, French Algeria (d. 2008)
1938 Paddy Moloney, Irish musician, composer and producer (The Chieftains), born in Donnycarney,
1940 Mervyn Kitchen, English cricketer and umpire, born in Nailsea, Somerset
1943 Dennis "Denny" Cordell, British rock music and record producer (The Moody Blues, Leon Russell), born in Buenos Aires, Argentina (d. 1995)
1943 Geoffrey Britton, British rock drummer (Paul McCartney & Wings), born Lewisham London
1946 Raymond "Boz" Burrell, British rock musician (King Crimson, Bad Company), born in Holbeach, Lincolnshire (d. 2006)
1947 Chris Barnard, Welsh footballer, born in Cardiff, a midfielder, began his career as an apprentice at Southend United, turning professional in August 1965 and playing 8 times in the league the following season (4 as substitute). In July 1966 he moved to Ipswich Town on a free transfer, but failed to win a regular place at Portman Road, appearing only 21 times in the league in 4 years. In October 1970, Torquay United paid £8,000 for his services, some of which was repaid in January 1971 when he scored twice as the Gulls came from 3-0 down to beat Lincoln City 4–3 in the FA Cup. In January 1972, after 32 league games (3 goals) for the Gulls, he moved to Charlton Athletic on a free transfer, but made only one substitute appearance before leaving. He finished his career with non-league side Chelmsford City
1949 Nigel Finch, English TV director and film-maker, born in Tenterden, Kent (d. 1995)
1951 David Jasper, British theologian (University of Glasgow)
1958 Adrian Dunbar, Northern Irish actor (Hear My Song), born in Enniskillen, County Fermanagh,
1959 Joe Elliott, English heavy metal vocalist (Def Leppard-Hysteria, Rock of Ages), born in Sheffield,
1960 Micheál Martin, Irish politician, Prime Minister of Ireland (2020-), born in Cork, Ireland
1961 Mike Watkinson, English cricketer (England off-spinner all-rounder v WI 1995), born in Westhoughton, Lancashire
1963 Amber Rudd, British politician, Home Secretary (2016-18), born in London
1964 Nick Christian Sayer, British rocker (Transvision Vamp-Velveteen)
1965 Sam Mendes, British stage and film director, born in Reading, Berkshire
1969 Graham Thorpe, Cricketer (England LHB Century on Test debut 1993), born Farnham, Surrey,
1970 David James, English footballer, born in Welwyn Garden City, James grew up supporting Luton Town. He signed as a trainee with Luton's local rivals Watford upon leaving school, and was first selected for the club's senior team in 1989. In his days as a youth player, he helped Watford win the FA Youth Cup. Following the departure of Tony Coton, James made his league debut on 25 August 1990 in a 1–2 defeat against Millwall, and his performance resulted in an England U21 call-up for a match against the Republic of Ireland. He earned a total of ten caps for the U21s. At club level, James made 89 first-team appearances for Watford, and was named the club's Player of the Season for the 1990–91 season, when he kept goal in all 46 Second Division games as Watford escaped relegation. He was signed for £1.25m by Liverpool on 6 July 1992. In 2008, James was inducted into the Watford Hall of Fame for his services to the club. James made his Liverpool debut on 16 August 1992 in a 0–1 league defeat to Nottingham Forest. After conceding twenty goals in eleven matches in the first half of the 1993–94, he was dropped in favour of veteran Bruce Grobbelaar, but was recalled to the starting line-up and kept his first clean sheet of the season in a 1–0 away win over Arsenal on 31 January 1993, which included a penalty save from Paul Merson. He also received a runners-up medal in 1996 in the FA Cup while being on the losing side against Manchester United.
1978 Dhani Harrison, British musician (Brainwashed), born in Windsor
1979 Honeysuckle Weeks, Welsh actress (Foyle's War), born in Cardiff, Glamorgan
1981 Stephen Hunt, Irish retired international footballer, born in Port Laoise, Ireland, Played as a winger. He played for Crystal Palace, Brentford, Reading, Hull City, Wolverhampton Wanderers, Ipswich Town and Coventry City
1986 Andrew Taylor, Footballer (Bolton Wanderers), He has previously played for Cardiff City, Middlesbrough, Bradford City, Watford and Wigan Athletic. born in Hartlepool
On this day in British History
1485 Henry Tudor's army sails to England (future Henry VII)
1714 Monarch Georg Ludwig becomes King George I of England
1717 Nicholas Rowe is appointed British Poet Laureate by George I
1732 Foundations laid for Bank of England
1774 English chemist Joseph Priestley discovers oxygen by isolating it in its gaseous state
1781 British army under general Cornwallis occupies Yorktown, Virginia
1798 Battle of the Nile: British Royal Navy under Admiral Horatio Nelson attacks and decimates the French fleet at Aboukir Bay off the Nile Delta, Egypt
1834 Slavery Abolition Act 1833 comes into effect, abolishes slavery throughout the British Empire
1836 As part of their homeward journey on the HMS Beagle, Charles Darwin returns to Bahia in Brazil
1838 Apprenticeship system abolished in most of the British Empire. Former slaves no longer indentured to former owners.
1840 Labourer slaves in most of the British Empire are emancipated
1883 A papyrus offered to British Museum for £10,000 (forgery)
1883 Inland postal service begins in Great Britain
1886 Great Britain annexes Kermadec-Island near New Zealand
1890 Cecil Rhodes' colonists reach Lundi
1896 George Samuelson completes rowing Atlantic (NY to England)
1911 Transportation workers begin a major strike in England; part of a wave of industrial unrest
1914 British Grand Fleet reaches Scapa Flow
1918 British troops enter Vladivostok
1965 Scottish Lotus driver Jim Clark wins the German Grand Prix at the Nürburgring to clinch his second F1 World Drivers Championship
Deaths in History
1402 Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York, son of Edward III of England, dies at 61
1708 Edward Tyson, British Physician and father of comparative anatomy (The Anatomy of a Pygmy, 1698), dies at 57
1714 Anne Stuart, Queen of England (1702-14), dies at about 49
1743 Richard Savage, English poet and playwright, dies at about 46
1796 Robert Pigot, British army officer (b. 1720)
1837 Walter Geikie, Scottish painter, dies at 41
1896 William Robert Grove, Welsh physicist and inventor of the first fuel cell, dies at 85
1920 Bal Gangadhar Tilak, early Indian nationalist leader, dies at 64
1926 Israel Zangwill, Jewish author (Children of The Ghetto) and Zionist leader, dies at 62
1990 Norbert Elias, German/English/Neth philosopher/sociologist, dies