Tuesday 21st September 2021
International Day of Peace
The International Day of Peace ("Peace Day") is observed around the world each year on 21 September. Established in 1981 by unanimous United Nations resolution, Peace Day provides a globally shared date for all humanity to commit to Peace above all differences and to contribute to building a Culture of Peace.
RABBIT IN THE MOON FESTIVAL / ZHONGQIUJIE / CHUNG CH’IU Chinese
This Mid-Autumn festival celebrates the moon’s birthday. Offerings are made to the rabbit in the moon, who is pounding the elixir of life with a pestle. ‘Spirit money’ is brought along with incense and offered to the moon by women, who also make special ‘moon’ cakes containing ground lotus and sesame seeds or dates.
21 September (Tuesday) – 28 September (Tuesday) SUKKOT Jewish
This harvest festival recalls the 40 years the Jews spent in the wilderness on the way from slavery in Egypt to freedom in the Promised Land. A temporary hut or booth – called a sukkah – is used for eating meals and for visits and socialising. The roof, which has to be open in part to the elements, is covered with branches and decorated with fruit.
A Selection of birthdays
1411 Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York, claimant to the English throne, born in Conisbrough, England (d. 1460)
1629 Philip Howard, English Roman Catholic cardinal, born in London (d. 1694)
1695 John Glas, Scottish Presbyterian clergyman (started Glasite church movement), born in Auchtermuchty, Fife, (d. 1773)
1756 John Loudon McAdam, Scottish engineer and road builder who created macadam road surface (asphalt), born in Ayr, (d. 1836)
1843 David Emlyn Evans, Welsh composer, born in Pen’ralltwen, Newcastle Emlyn, Carmarthen (d. 1913)
1849 Edmund Gosse, English poet, author (Father & Son) and critic, born in London (d. 1928)
1849 Maurice Barrymore [Herbert Blythe], Indian-born British actor and patriarch of the Barrymore family, born in Fort Agra, India (d. 1905)
1862 James E. Talmage, English religious leader (LDS Church apostle), born in Hungerford, Berkshire, (d. 1933)
1866 H. G. Wells, English sci-fi author (War of the Worlds, Kipps), born in Bromley, Kent (d. 1946)
1874 Gustav Holst, English composer (Planets), born in Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, (d. 1934)
1899 Frederick Coutts, Scottish 8th General of The Salvation Army, born in Kirkcaldy, (d. 1986)
1902 Allen Lane, English publisher and founder of Penguin Books, born in Bristol, (d. 1970)
1906 Derrick De Marney, British actor (The Girl Was Young, Inheritance), born in London (d. 1978)
1917 Phyllis Nicolson, British mathematician (Crank-Nicolson method), born in Macclesfield, Cheshire (d. 1968)
1929 Bernard Williams, English moral philosopher, born in Westcliff, Essex, (d. 2003)
1930 Dawn Addams, British actress (A King in New York, Star Maidens) who married the Prince of Roccasecca, born in Felixstowe, (d. 1985)
1931 Larry Hagman, American actor (I Dream of Jeannie, JR-Dallas), born in Fort Worth, Texas (d. 2012)
1935 James "Jimmy" Armfield, British former-footballer, manager and pundit (BBC Radio Five Live), born in Denton, Lancashire, (d. 2018)
1939 Trevor James Hold, British composer, writer, and musicologist (John Clare Songbook), born in Northampton, (d. 2004)
1944 Susan Maureen Fleetwood, Scotland, actress (Krays, Sacrifice) (d. 1995)
1945 J. Peter Robinson, British session pianist, arranger (Phil Collins; Brand-X; Anni-Frid Lyngstad), and composer of scores for film (The World's Fastest Indian; The Bank Job) and television (Charmed), born in Fulton,
1947 Stephen King, American sci-fi and horror author (Carrie; The Shining; Kujo; Misery), born in Portland, Maine
1947 Geoff Workman, British record producer and engineer (Toto; Queen;The Cars), born in Liverpool,
1950 Charles Clarke, British Labour Party politician, who was the Member of Parliament (MP) for Norwich South from 1997 until 2010, and served as Home Secretary from December 2004 until May 2006.
1952 Dave Gregory, British rock guitarist (XTC; Big Big Train), born in Swindon
1954 Philthy Animal [Phil Taylor], English rock drummer (Motorhead), born in Hasland, Chesterfield (d. 2015)
1954 Julia Grant [prev George Roberts], transgender activist featured in "A Change of Sex", born in Blackpool, (d. 2019)
1959 Corrinne Drewery, British singer-songwriter (Swing Out Sister - "Swing Out"), born in Nottingham
1963 Angus Macfadyen, Scottish actor Born. Glasgow, Best known as Robert the Bruce in Braveheart (1995), Angus McFadyen has enjoyed a fine career in the film business. He has been in a variety of different films and television shows over his life, playing such well known roles as Edward 'Blackbeard' Teach, Robert the Bruce, and Orson Welles.
1968 Jon Brookes, English drummer (The Charlatans), born in Burntwood, Staffordshire (d. 2013)
1970 Samantha Power, Irish American author and diplomat (US Ambassador to the UN), born in Dublin,
1971 John Crawley, former English first-class cricketer who played at international level for England and county cricket for Hampshire and Lancashire. Crawley, one of three brothers who all played first-class cricket, was a right-handed batsman and occasional wicket-keeper.
1972 Liam Gallagher, British singer and songwriter (Oasis - "Wonderwall"; Beady Eye), born in Burnage, Manchester,
1974 Andy Todd, English football coach and former player.
1979 Richard Dunne, Irish soccer defender (80 caps, Republic of Ireland; Everton, Manchester City, Aston Villa, QPR) and broadcaster (BT Sport), born in Dublin
1979 Julian Gray, English professional footballer who last played for Walsall. He previously played in the Football League and Premier League for Arsenal, Crystal Palace, Cardiff City, Birmingham City, Coventry City, Fulham, Barnsley and Walsall, and in Cyprus for Nea Salamis Famagusta.
1980 Nyree Lewis, British Paralympic swimmer
1982 Rowan Vine, English footballer
1985 Joe Wicks, British fitness coach, presenter and author (The Body Coach), born in Epsom, Surrey
1986 Faris Badwan, English vocalist (The Rotters; The Horrors; Cat's Eye), born in Bexley, Kent
1990 Rob Cross, English darts player (PDC World Champion 2018), born in Pembury, Kent
On this day in British History
1192 King Richard I the Lionheart, captured by Leopold V, Duke of Austria
1621 King James I of England gives Sir William Alexander a royal charter for colonisation of Nova Scotia
1776 5 days after British take New York, a quarter of the city burns down
1776 Nathan Hale, spied on British for American rebels, arrested
1780 Benedict Arnold gives British Major John André plans to West Point
1896 British General Kitchener's army occupies Dongola, Sudan
1915 Cecil Chubb buys English prehistoric monument Stonehenge for £6,600
1931 Britain abandons gold standard; pound devalues 20%
1938 Winston Churchill condemns Hitler's annexation of Czechoslovakia
1944 Operation Market Garden: Last British paratroopers at Arnhem Bridge surrender after several days of fighting
1961 Antonio Abertondo swims English Channel both ways (44 miles)
1964 Malta becomes independent from the United Kingdom.
1981 Belize (British Honduras) gains independence from UK
1978 The Provisional Irish Republican Army explodes bombs at the RAF airfield near Eglinton, County Londonderry; the terminal building, two aircraft hangars and four planes are destroyed
Deaths in History
1327 Edward II, King of England (1307-1327), likely assassinated at 43
1397 Richard FitzAlan, 11th Earl of Arundel, English military leader (executed) (b. 1346)
1748 John Balguy, English philosopher (b. 1686)
1832 Walter Scott, Scottish historical novelist and poet (The Lady of the Lake, Ivanhoe), dies at 61
1950 Edward Arthur Milne, English astrophysicist (kinematic relativity), dies of a heart attack at 54